POMOZI IZBEGLICAMA

Da li voliš da pomažeš drugima u nevolji? Želiš da pružiš podršku ljudima koji beže od rata i nasilja, a koji su se na svom putu našli u Srbiji? Želiš da slobodno vreme koje imaš provedeš radeći nešto korisno i za sebe i za druge?

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) poziva sve koji žele pruže direktnu podršku tražiocima azila i migrantima, doprinesu stvaranju tolerantnog i otvorenog društva i suzbijanju predrasuda i ksenofobije da se priključe mreži APC/CZA volontera.

Volonter može biti svako ko je punoletan, ima vremena i želje da pomogne ljudima u nevolji i nema predrasuda prema ljudima drugih nacija, vera ili rasa.

Ukoliko imaš želju da pomogneš i vremena da se aktivno uključiš u redovne aktivnosti Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) kontaktiraj nas za više informacija.

OČEKUJEMO TE!

Serbia and EU signed the agreement on border management cooperation

Source: European Western Balkans Portal Photo: Frontex logo; Photo: Christian Charisius

Brussels, November 20, 2019 – European Union and Serbia signed the agreement on border management cooperation today in Brussels.

According to a statement from the European Commission, the agreement will allow members of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) to assist Serbia in border management, to conduct joint operations and deploy its teams in border areas between Serbia and the EU.

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The agreement was signed by EU Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Dimitris Avramopoulos and Minister of Interior of Finland Marija Ohisalo and by Interior Minister Nebojsa Stefanovic, on behalf of Serbia.

Commissioner Avramopoulos thanked Serbia for its efforts and commitment to ensure close co-operation with the EU in the area of ​​border and migration management.

"The agreement we signed will further strengthen our relations with partners in the Western Balkans and brings our neighbors closer to the EU," Avramopoulos said.

Finnish Minister Maria Ohisalo believes that cooperation with partners from the Western Balkans is key to successfully securing common borders.

"With this agreement, Frontex will be able to coordinate the operational cooperation between EU Member States and Serbia and provide the necessary support and expertise," concluded Ohisalo.

The European Union has already signed similar cooperation agreements between the European Border and Coast Guard Agency with Albania and Montenegro. The finalization of the agreement with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Northern Macedonia is currently pending.

PRESS RELEASE - The asylum draft bill violates international, EU and national law and exposes thousands of asylum seekers and refugees, the majority of whom are women and children, in high risk

Photo: Reuters

Athens, October 23, 2019—On the evening of October 21, and mere hours after the just 5 day-long public consultations were concluded, the draft bill "on International Protection" was submitted to Parliament through the urgency procedure.
The Greek Council for Refugees (GCR) underlines that the proposed draft bill leads to the blatant undermining of fundamental guarantees and rights of refugees and asylum seekers, in violation of international, EU and national law, as well as the principle of non-refoulement.

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More specifically, with the submitted draft bill:

-Basic guarantees about the "fairness and effectiveness" of the asylum procedure are abolished, especially given the completely insufficient system of free legal aid and the systemically dysfunctional administration (indicatively: the shortening of deadlines within which asylum seekers can exercise their rights, fast-track procedures of application examinations, limiting of the applicant's opportunity to consult a lawyer before the examination of their application, abolishing of the right of continuation of the procedure, the interruption of which is often due to inadequacies of the administration etc.)

-Τhe automatic suspensive effect of the appeal against the first instance decision is abolished for extended groups of asylum seekers, exposing them to the risk of being returned to countries where their lives are in danger, before the asylum procedure is completed, in direct violation of EU legislation.

-Τhe right to an effective remedy is removed, as procedural and substantial obstacles prevent applicants from exercising it (among other things, the applicant is required to cite specific reasons for appealing, on pain of inadmissibility, something which cannot happen without legal aid).

- Issues of constitutional legality are raised with regard to the Appeals Committees consisting exclusively of judges, as well as the delegation of single-member body administrative duties to a member of the judiciary, according to the case law of the Greek Council of the State (The Greek Administrative Supreme Court).

-The imposition of detention is generalized, indiscriminately, even on vulnerable people, victims of torture and violence, sick people, even children, and the automatic judicial review of the decision to impose/prolong detention is abolished, "to relieve the burden of administrative authorities and courts".

-The geographical restriction of asylum seekers is generalized, for the implementation also of the EU-Turkey statement, without any individualized assessment regarding the possibility of imposing this measure and without the possibility of a judicial review of the imposed measure, in violation of EU law and Art.13 of the ECHR.

-Asylum seekers are asked to accomplish the impossible, as they are required to comply with "duties to cooperate" with the authorities, duties which they cannot possibly fulfill, on account of existing dysfunctions in the system, under penalty of their applications being rejected even on their merits.

-Among other things, the following should also be noted: the complete lack of provisions for integration, the attempt to legislate the push of refugees to homelessness, the restriction of the asylum seekers right to labor, the undermining of the right of beneficiaries of subsidiary protection to remain in the country and the violation of the right to family unity for recognized refugees.

With the submitted bill, not only are the real and systemic problems of the Greek asylum and reception system not resolved (for example understaffing of competent services, with delays to the asylum procedure as a consequence), but the rights of asylum seekers and refugees are also circumvented, while the increase of returns is prioritized, without safeguarding the guarantees imposed by international and EU law.

The Greek Council for Refugees calls on the Greek state to re-examine the suggested provisions and to safeguard the rights of asylum seekers and refugees, respecting its obligations which derive from international, EU and national law, in the context of the rule of law.

For GCR's full comments on the draft legislation follow this link:
https://www.gcr.gr/media/k2/attachments/GCR_on_bill_about_International_Protection_en.pdf

For more information, please contact:
Danae Leivada-Communications Manager
Τel.: +30 210 3800990 -E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Joint Statement on push-backs practice across EU-Balkans migration routes

October 18, 2019. – Joint statement of the Coalition for Rights and Wellbeing of Forced Migrants along Euro-Balkan's Routes

In the Balkan countries, along the migrant routes, pushing of people from one to another neighboring country and more often chain pushing backs of people through more states, have become common practice.

So-called pushbacks are happening on a daily basis across Balkan's countries, often with the use of force, seizure of personal belongings, harassment and humiliation of refugees and migrants.

Especially concerning issue presents the fact that children and unaccompanied minors are victims of above-mentioned practices, who are together with other asylum seekers often denied access to fair asylum procedure.

These actions are usually conducted by the border police, during the night, but also more and more often in the daytime.

According to the APC data, from the beginning of the year until September 19th, it is recorded over 1256 individual pushbacks to Serbia from neighboring countries, mostly from Croatia (over 472) and from Hungary (over 485).

The public is almost completely unaware of this practice. It is not much spoken about that in the local media either. Due to the scale of inhuman and illicit treatment towards one of the most vulnerable group of people, such as refugees and migrants, that exceeds experiences from the previous years, it is necessary to make an urgent appeal concerning competent institutions to halt actions in which refugees and migrants are becoming not only victims of the smugglers, but also victims of the state officials.

Many of the refugees are coming to the Balkans and are moving along the Balkan routes in search of protection from the violence and persecution in their countries of origin. They don't have a place where they can return because their homes are destroyed and their lives endangered due to the violence and persecution done by various armed groups. Among them, there is a multitude of children and women, but also teenagers and young people chasing better and more peaceful life.

None of them deserves to be exposed to the violence, brutality, nor to the cruel and humiliating behavior from anyone and certainly not from the state representatives.

The mentioned conduct of the border police can be seen as the unlawful attempt of controlling migrations. Nevertheless, the alternative does exist, and lies in implementation of the existing laws and legal procedures, that comprise free access for the migrants, functioning asylum system and functioning asylum procedure.

We appeal to the state institutions to respect their domestic and international laws and to implement them.

We appeal to the international organizations to strongly condemn same unlawful, violent, inhumane "push-back" and "denial of access to asylum" practices and to initiate all available mechanisms in order to support mentioned governments to take measures to prevent and stop these practices confronting European civilization values the and values of the time we live in.

Add:

According to the Asylum Protection Center data, in the first half of 2019, more than 16 000 migrants and refugees entered Serbia with 37% being women and children. In any moment, more than 5000 migrants are located in Serbia, out of which about 3000 accommodated in the state centers while others staying in alternative accommodation, in the open, along borders, in urban areas. Hundreds of migrants are daily entering Serbia from North Macedonia, Kosovo, Montengro, while hundreds of migrants are at the same time trying to leave Serbia northwards and westwards to Croatia, Bosnia, Hungary and even Romania. In the period from 01/01/2019 to 31/08/2019, 7396 persons expressed asylum intention in Serbia, while 14 persons were granted refugee and 15 persons were granted subsidiary protection.

In Croatia, according to data that Centre for Peace Studies obtained from the Ministry of the Interior, 3463 persons were evidented entering country and 482 persons were returned, in the period from 01/01/2019 to 25/07/2019. Moreover, 1198 persons sought asylum and 134 persons were approved with international protection in the first 9 months of 2019.The discrepancy between the statistics collected by the MoI is visible and the question arises as to what happened with the difference of more than 1000 people in these statistics. This also supports the testimonies of refugees and warnings from domestic and foreign organizations and institutions about illegal expulsions (pushbacks) and violence perpetrated by the Croatian police. There are no effective investigations or sanctions on those responsible.

In the Republic of North Macedonia, according to the data from NGO Legis, 15 695 refugees were prevented to enter in the country and were pushed back to Greece in the period from 01/01/2019 to 31/08/2019. More than 3025 persons were detected in the country being irregular in the same period, while the total number of smuggled people is estimated to be significantly higher.

In Italy, data collected by ICS in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region shows that, from 01/01/2019 to 15/09/2019, 5526 migrants asked for asylum entering Italy from Slovenia and using Balkans routes. During the period from January to July 2019, ICS recorded worsening of the psycho-physical conditions of the people who were coming via the same route. Many of them reported being abused (physically and verbally) by police forces who they came across in the Balkans, especially by Croatian police forces. Some of the refugees testified to be subjected to chain push backs from Slovenia and Croatia towards Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Asylum Protection Center

Centre for Peace Studies

ICS Trieste

Legis

 

Europe migrant crisis: Calls to redistribute migrants as arrivals rise

Source: BBC Photo: Getty Images

Athens, September 19 – France and Italy are calling for a new system to automatically redistribute migrants across the EU as the number of people entering Europe surges.

"The European Union hasn't shown enough solidarity with countries handling first arrivals," French President Emmanuel Macron said on Wednesday.

The current system, he added, was particularly unfair on Italy.

Hundreds of migrants arrived in Italy and Greece this week, many travelling by boat from Libya and Turkey.

On Tuesday, 791 migrants arrived in Greece. The sharp rise in recent days has led to issues at centres on Greek islands that receive and house individuals during the assessment process.

On Lesbos, a centre built to cater for up to 3,000 people is currently housing more than 10,000. Other Greek islands, including Kos and Samos, are also struggling with over-capacity, the latest government figures show.

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On Wednesday, Mr Macron and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte held talks in Rome. The leaders later said that the EU needed to introduce a fairer system of taking in migrants saved from the Mediterranean Sea.

"France is ready" to help develop the framework to overhaul the current system, Mr Macron said.

Italy, which has been at the forefront of the migrant influx in the EU, has previously criticised other member states for not sharing enough of the responsibly.

The country's former interior minister and leader of the far-right League party, Matteo Salvini, routinely blocked charity-run vessels carrying migrants from docking at Italian ports.

The rescue ships would then been forced to wait while EU countries negotiated resettlement agreements.

Italy's new coalition government, which took office last week, signalled a change of approach to migration after permitting 82 migrants to disembark on the southern Italian island of Lampedusa over the weekend.

Thousands of migrants attempt to cross the Mediterranean to Europe every year. Those who make the journey often travel in poorly maintained and overcrowded vessels, and many have died en route.

Earlier this week Turkey, which is hosting more than 3.6 million Syrians who have fled the country's civil war, warned it would "be forced to open the gates" if it did not receive "logistical support" to establish a refugee "safe zone" in Syria.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that up to three million Syrian refugees could return to their country to live in the north, but that international co-operation was needed for that goal to be met.

Tens of thousands of Syrians have already fled north from Idlib, a province held by rebel and jihadist forces, to the Turkish border.

Under a 2016 agreement with the EU, Turkey imposed stronger controls to curb the flow of migrants and refugees to Europe.

Erdoğan threatens to let Syrian refugees leave Turkey for west unless safe zone in Syria is set up

Source: The Guardian Photo: Anadolu Agency

Ankara, September 05, 2019 – The Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, is threatening to "open the gates" to allow Syrian refugees to leave Turkey for western countries unless a controversial "safe zone" inside Syria is established soon.

Erdoğan's comments come amid growing tension with Washington over delays in establishing the safe zone – first proposed by Donald Trump – not least over the fate of a key US-allied Kurdish militia, the YPG, which Ankara regards as a terrorist organisation.

Turkey refugees

Ankara has been threatening to move its troops unilaterally into the safe zone unless progress is made.

With Turkey hosting some 3.6 million Syrian refugees, Erdoğan's threat raised the spectre of a surge of people into Europe that could dwarf even the recent migration crisis at its peak.

The stark warning was delivered in remarks to officials of his ruling party, as humanitarian organisations warned that conditions in the besieged Syrian rebel enclave of Idlib were "Hobbesian" and approaching the "stone age".

"We will be forced to open the gates. We cannot be forced to handle the burden alone," said the Turkish president.

Erdoğan's threat immediately sent tremors through Greece where authorities have reported a huge surge in recent numbers arriving on Aegean isles facing the Turkish coast.

More than 12,000 would-be asylum seekers landed in Greece in July and August.

Last week some 650 arrived in a single day on Lesbos, with the country's civil protection minister telling the Guardian that smugglers had become increasingly brazen, deploying "much better and faster" boats to make the crossing from Turkey.

Read more: Erdoğan threatens to let Syrian refugees leave Turkey for west unless safe zone in Syria is set up

Migrant/refugee situation on the northern border of Serbia from July 08 to July 19, 2019

Text: APC Photo: APC

Subotica, Horgoš, Kelebija, Kikinda, July 20, 2019. – APC/CZA staff regularly visit border areas in northern Serbia, migrant and refugee reception camps and open locations where migrants and refugees are located along the borders with Croatia, Hungary, Romania and BiH. APC / CZA mobile teams talk with refugees, provide them with legal information and psychosocial assistance. Through conversations with refugees, APC / CZA mobile teams gathered information about the migrant and refugee situation at the mentioned borders, about the main problems, crossing borders attempts, violence, inhumane and illegal treatment and violation of the rights of refugees and migrants, as well as illegal push-backs conducted by the police along the northwestern borders of Serbia.

The APC/CZA collects information on the situation in camps, the living conditions of migrants and refugees and their treatment by camp administrations, representatives of institutions and citizens, respect for the rights of asylum seekers and migrants, problems, potential discrimination, violence, trafficking, smuggling and other challenges of asylum and migration in local communities.

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APC/CZA lawyer and psychologist help refugees to report violence, corruption, discrimination, smuggling, crimes, labor and other exploitation, trafficking, assist them to express their asylum intention and to apply for asylum if they seek refuge in Serbia. In addition, the APC/CZA psychosocial team provides psychological assistance and empowers migrants and refugees, helping them to cope with stress and other consequences of violence, injuries, inhumane behavior and illegal push backs, helping them to obtain health care and get a caregiver if they are unaccompanied minor. The APC/CZA teams help them to get social protection and assistance from local centers for social work and the APC/CZA team also empower migrants and refugees to overcome existing challenges and threats and reduce their own vulnerability.

Through work on the field, talks with migrants and refugees and insight into the local situation, from July 08 to July 19, 2019, APC/CZA mobile team identified current problems, challenges and practices in the north of Serbia and along north- western borders of Serbia.

Push-backs by Croatian border police

APC/CZA staff members visited the camp in Kikinda on July 11 and talked with J.S. (30, Bangladesh) who was in the group of 55 migrants who were pushed-back by Croatian police during the first week of July. He said that during the first week of July, a group of 55 migrants from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan had organized a crossing into the Croatian territory near Sid and entered the Croatian territory about 50 km away. Croatian police then spotted them and stopped them. They ordered everyone to sit on the ground and then they photographed all the migrants present there. Police officers seized all the phones and smashed them. They searched the migrants and confiscated their money. Half of the migrants caught were forced to sign a document they did not understand because there was no translator present. There was no communication between police and migrants. None of the migrants present were allowed to speak for fear of physical punishment. Each of the 55 migrants in the group received hits in the the head and body and the police also kicked them. No one sustained serious injuries during the beating. After the beating, the migrants were put into several police vehicles and police drove them to the border with Serbia near Sid and ejected them in the cross-border area. From there, migrants crossed to the territory of Serbia on foot. They returned to Kikinda by taxi and bus. During this push back, migrants did not see the Serbian police.

S.A. (26, Bangladesh) has been in Serbia for a month and during this time he tried to illegally cross Croatian territory only once, at the end of June. While attempting to cross, Croatian police caught him near the Sid border crossing, took his phone and he received a hit in the head. He was not allowed to express asylum intent at this encounter with police, nor was there any communication between S.A. and the police. Police pushed him back not far to the Sid border crossing, where he crossed into Serbian territory on foot and returned to Kikinda by bus. There were no Serbian police present during this push-back.

S.A. (19) from Pakistan, who is staying in Sid, said that he had tried to cross the Croatian border 5 times at various locations. He has been in Serbia for 3 months and was met by APC / CZA officials at a camp in Sid. About a month ago he tried to cross near Apatin, across the river, in a boat. There were 15 of migrants in the boat. After crossing, they walked for 15 hours, when they were caught by Croatian police. Police officers recorded their personal information and took pictures of them, after which they were pushed-back to Sid. There was no violence, he says. He also added that there are frequent attempts to cross to Croatia near Bački Breg over the small river.

S.A. (23, Pakistan) has been in Serbia for 12 months and was met by APC / CZA officials on 11 July in Kikinda. He described his illegal border crossing when he managed to reach Slovenia. It happened 12 months ago, in July 2018. He said that a group of 23 migrants from Pakistan went to BiH, hand moved to Croatia from there, then from Croatia to Slovenia, when they were spotted by Slovenian police officers. He said that during the arrest by the Slovenian police, they spent 5 days in jail. After stating that they wanted asylum, they were not allowed to contact an asylum procedure lawyer, but after 5 days they were transferred to Croatia and taken over by the Croatian police. A group of 12 unaccompanied minors who were with them at the time remained in a closed camp in Croatia, and they began the asylum procedure, he said. The other 11 adult men were then pushed back by Croatian police officers at Velika Kladusa in BiH. Bosnian police were not spotted on this occasion.

Read more: Migrant/refugee situation on the northern border of Serbia from July 08 to July 19, 2019

Migrant/refugee situation in the south of Serbia from June 25 to July 19

Bujanovac, Presevo, Vranje, July 20, 2019 – APC/CZA mobile team regularly visits border areas in southern Serbia, as well as transit and reception camps for migrants and refugees in Presevo, Vranje, Bujanovac, Pirot, Nis, Dimitrivograd and elsewhere. They represent the first contact point for migrants and refugees who enter Serbia across its southern borders, providing them with information, legal assistance and assistance with registering at a police station, obtaining registration papers with which they can be accommodated in one of the receptions or asylum centres in Serbia, they can express their asylum intention, report corruption, discrimination, smuggling, crimes and human trafficking. In addition, the APC/CZA psychosocial team provides psychological assistance and empowers migrants, helping them to get appropriate health care, to obtain a caregiver if they are unaccompanied minors, to obtain social care and assistance from local welfare centres, but also empowering them to overcome their existing challenges.

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The APC /CZA collects information about the situation in camps, about living conditions of migrants and refugees and their treatment by camp administrations, representatives of institutions and citizens, on respect for asylum seekers and migrants, their problems, potential discrimination, violence, trafficking, smuggling, push-backs and other challenges of asylum and migration.

Through fieldwork, talks with migrants and refugees and insight into the local situation, from June 25 to July 19, 2019, APC / CZA officials identified current problems, challenges, and practices in the southern areas and at the borders of Serbia.

KIRS places newly arrived refugees in a barrack set up in front of Bujanovac camp

APC/CZA staff members visited the camp in Bujanovac on July 2 and talked with B.S. (24, India), B.S. (26, India), M.S. (35, Pakistan), A.R. (25, Pakistan) and J.A. (28, Pakistan), who arrived in Bujanovac that morning. The refugees told APC/CZA staff that the officials of the Commissariat for refugees were accommodating newly arrived refugees in a barrack (an accommodation container) which was set up in front of the camp in Bujanovac. According to the statements heard from refugees, migrants who are placed in the barrack are waiting for a doctor to examine them before placing them in rooms in the camp.

Push-back of Serbian police to Macedonia

During the visit to the camp in Bujanovac on June 25, APC/CZA staff members spoke with K.Z. (27, Pakistan) who entered Serbia from Macedonia on June 22. K.Z. entered Serbia in a group of 5 people from Pakistan. At the time the APC / CZA officers spoke with K.Z., he was not yet registered with the police, and he arrived at the camp in Bujanovac with the help of the locals who directed him to the camp. According to K.Z., he entered Serbia with a group of 4 Pakistanis on June 22 and arrived at the police station in Presevo. There, police told them that they had finished with refugee registration for the day and then drove them to the border and told them to go back to Macedonia. Police left after they were left at the border, and 4 hours later K.Z. and his friends tried to re-enter Serbia and this time they went directly to camp in Bujanovac.

Read more: Migrant/refugee situation in the south of Serbia from June 25 to July 19

Migrant/refugee situation on the northern border of Serbia from June 25 to July 05

Text: APC Photo: APC

Subotica, Horgoš, Kelebija, Kikinda, July 6, 2019 – APC/CZA mobile team regularly visits border areas in northern Serbia, as well as transit and reception camps for migrants and refugees in Subotica, Kikinda, Sid and Principovac, including open locations near borders. They provide migrants with information, legal assistance and assistance with registering at a police station, obtaining registration papers with which they can be accommodated in one of the reception or asylum centers in Serbia, they can express their asylum intention, report corruption, discrimination, smuggling, crimes and human trafficking. In addition, the APC/CZA psychosocial team provides psychological assistance and empowers migrants, helping them to get appropriate health care, to obtain a caregiver if they are unaccompanied minors, to obtain social care and assistance from local welfare centers, but also empowering them to overcome their existing challenges.

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The APC/CZA collects information about situation in camps, about living conditions of migrants and refugees and their treatment by camp administrations, representatives of institutions and citizens, on respect for asylum seekers and migrants, their problems, potential discrimination, violence, trafficking, smuggling, push-backs and other challenges of asylum and migration.

Through fieldwork, talks with migrants and refugees and insight into the local situation, from June 25 to July 05, 2019, APC / CZA officials identified current problems, challenges and practices in the northern areas and at the borders of Serbia.

Push-backs on the Serbian-Hungarian border

While visiting open locations where migrants are staying in Subotica (train station), staff members from the northern APC / CZA office spoke to refugees who are staying in these locations and regularly trying to cross the border with Hungary, most often at the Horgos and Kelebija border crossings. A.V. (14, Afghanistan) has just returned from the border crossing with his brother M.V. (15) when the APC / CZA mobile team visited the Subotica train station on 2 July 2019. Two unaccompanied minors stated that they did not manage to get into the truck this time (as they normally do). They were spotted in the parking lot near the Horgos border crossing by Serbian police and they said them only "Come on", indicating to them to return to the territory of Serbia. A.V. states that the Serbian border police told them nothing but to go back without any explanation or use of force. A.V. is in Serbia for a month and he was accommodated at the Institute for the Education of Children and Youth in Belgrade. He showed the phone number of the Institute, which he carries with him in case he decides to return. For now, he doesn't want to go back to the Institute.

At the same location, APC / CZA staff members spoke with K.N. (23, Afghanistan), who stays at this location for two months (as of May 2019). He reported that during the week of trying to cross the Hungarian border, they usually experience physical violence once a week, from one Hungarian police officer who has a beard and he is the only one who hits and beats migrants when he is on shift that particular day of the week. K.N. says that everyone from this site has experienced physical violence at least once by a Hungarian police officer in question. Also, K.N. stated that if migrants are caught by Hungarian police, they are usually detained for 2 to 3 hours at the border police station, where they are photographed before push-back. If there is physical violence against refugees, the shooting takes place after the violence, according to K.M.

E.A. (17, Afghanistan), who arrived at the site in the last week of June from a camp in Krnjaca, said that he was caught by Hungarian police while attempting to cross the border at the Horgos border crossing in a truck trailer on June 28, 2019. The same border police officer described by K.N. battered his entire body in a room with no cameras, which he said was a room inside the police station at the Horgos border crossing.

Read more: Migrant/refugee situation on the northern border of Serbia from June 25 to July 05

Unaccompanied minor refugees often lie about being older to be admitted to the camp

Prepared by: APC Photo: APC

Bujanovac, August 27, 2019 – Southern team of the Asylum Protection Centre, consisting of lawyers, psychologists, and cultural mediators visited a camp in Bujanovac and spoke with eight unaccompanied minors who are there between two and ten days. The minors were not registered with the police, and the administration of the camp in Bujanovac admitted them to the camp without a document indicating their intention to seek asylum.

While talking to APC / CZA officials, only two boys said that they had declared themselves underage during their registration at the camp, and the others had stated older age, so they won't be separated from the group. People staying at the reception centre in Bujanovac stated that they hear about the camp mostly from friends and acquaintances who were previously accommodated there, so they are informed that the camp has recently become a camp for adult single men, forcing these boys to register as adults. They said that they did not want to separate from the group they came to Serbia with, although they do not have any relatives or close friends among the group they are traveling with, mostly acquaintances they met along the way.

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The minors stated that they were not sure if the camp administration would receive them as minors at all, so they felt it was better to add a few years and say they were of age. Unaccompanied minors who have declared themselves in the camp as minors stated that they have not been interviewed by social workers and they were not mentioned that they should receive a guardian.

Also, underage boys also said that APC/CZA staff members were the first to explain to them their rights and obligations as minors.

Asylum Protection Centre informed the Centre for social welfare in Bujanovac, who responded to our team at the request for setting up a guardian for minors that there are four field social workers in the camp and that they are aware that unaccompanied minors are in the camp, and that they will check with the administration of the camp in Bujanovac for information on other refugees who told APC / CZA officials that they were minors.

Teenage refugees in Sjenica are still waiting to go to school

Prepared by: APC Photo: APC

Sjenica, 29 August – One of the very important aspects of the psychosocial stability of refugee children are involved in the local community and contact with the local community, especially peers.

In this situation, a key place belongs to inclusion in the education system.

Life in camps, and previously in parks, informal settlements in border areas... in poor conditions, often without basic conditions – adequate hygiene, food, dressing room, privacy, personal property rights, free choice, further destabilize unaccompanied minors who are recognized as one of the most vulnerable refugee groups.

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These are mostly boys, often under the age of 15, and it is important to provide them a safe and sustainable support system.

In addition to the professional care and protection of professional, trained and caring caregivers, it is very important to provide them an opportunity to become involved in the local education system.

As it is often the case of older juveniles between elementary and high school age, there are certain challenges, such as incomplete prior education due to refugee, traumatic experiences from the country of origin and on the road, difficulties with adaptation to new circumstances, slow process of establishing trust with the environment and understanding the local context, the professional support system needs to respond to.

There is an increased number of unaccompanied minor boys who have been accommodated at the Sjenica Asylum Center since November last year. Unfortunately, the camp administration and guardians had neither the will nor the necessary skills to involve the boys in the local schools from the very beginning. Despite the initiative of our organization and the local primary school, there was no key formal link and the children did not go to primary school.

A group of older unaccompanied minors attended high school for a very short time, often not understanding the outcome or the meaning of schooling.

During July and August, APC organized workshops with these boys as a type of cultural preparation for inclusion in a local school. Workshops were always attended by caregivers.

Boys from different parts of Afghanistan, eager for attention and care, excitedly listened about the school calendar, the classes, about decent behaviour and the treatment of their peers, especially girls, responsible adults at school, who to turn to for help and general rules.

Carefully, counting their age, they themselves began to evaluate whether they would go to elementary school or to a secondary school.

Unfortunately, during our last visit, on 29 August, we were not informed when, under the guardian protection of the local social work center, they would go to school, although the beginning of the school year was officially in just a few days.

Although the system most often sees them as children who are in passing, children who will not stay long in Serbia, children who are not our children, we have to ask ourselves what has been done for those children who have been in the camp for several months, who show initiative, regularly attend Serbian language classes and help other children in the camp.

But it is also necessary to remind that education is a basic human right and that these boys are entitled to it, and that we are bound by our own laws.

 

Assistance in the employment of asylum seekers in Tutin

Text: APC Photo: APC

Tutin, August 30, 2019 – As part of the integration support provided by the Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA), our team of lawyers and social workers assist asylum seekers and refugees in the employment process, as part of the 'Support to asylum seekers and persons granted protection in entering the labor market " in Serbia, funded by the Swiss Confederation, State Secretariat for Migration (SEM).

With our legal and social integration assistance, four refugees in Tutin were granted a work permit recently, exempted from administrative fees, they were prepared for the process of finding an employer and started working in the local community where they currently reside.

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Our organization is working intensively with the National Employment Service in Tutin, a city where there is a great need for people who are willing to work due to the development but also due to the departure of a large number of young people.

The social worker and pedagogue of our integration team helped a group of our clients, who were the first to get the right to work, to register with the National Employment Service in Tutin. As soon as we registered them, the NES Advisor immediately listed several jobs that match our clients' experience and qualifications. One of the offers for our clients was a shoe factory in Tutin.

Salema has been in Serbia for a year and a half, and she has left Iran because of a regime that did not grant women basic human rights. With the help of an APC/CZA lawyer, she obtained a work permit, which was exempted from administrative fees, and she was immediately taken to visit the factory. With the presence of a social worker and an APC/CZA translator, the manager provided details of working conditions at the shoe factory. Salema was satisfied with the conditions, she accepted the job and soon she started working.

Despite the job being physically exhausting, Salema is very happy to have the opportunity to work and make money, which is giving her a sense of security and the ability to plan her future, which now depends on her, not just the situation in which she found herself because she was a refugee. In addition, the factory is located near the camp, which is another convenience that Salema appreciates.

Working at a shoe factory is a great opportunity for Salema to socialize with her coworkers, who are mostly women from Serbia. She feels more freedom and she began to speak Serbian more and better than before. Thanks to that, she manages to make conversations with her coworkers. She learns about life in a local community and she is creating relationships that can facilitate her process of integration into an environment in which she hopes to stay and start a new life. She dreams about buying a house in Tutin one day and living in an environment where he feels more and more accepted.

The APC/CZA Social Integration Team provides asylum seekers and refugees with support through counseling and training in order to better understand the context and job market in Serbia, learn about professional behavior at work and work habits, how to understand the legal context of work, but also how to recognize and report cases of exploitation or abuse.

With the help of our lawyers, we make sure that the rights of our clients as workers are respected, which gives refugees a sense of security knowing that our legal and other assistance is always available to them.

Our years of experience in working with refugees show that inclusion in the labour market is crucial for a sense of belonging, for establishing new social bonds and for the self-confidence of the refugees themselves, but also that employment is both key and starting point in sustainable integration process.

 

 

Commissioner talks about violence and illegal expulsion of migrants by Croatian police for the first time

Source: TV Prva

Belgrade, September 01, 2019 – Violence by Croatian police against migrants at the border has now taken on dramatic proportions, said Rados Djurovic, director of the Asylum Protection Centre (APC/CZA), in the Morning program on TV Prva. Through daily work on the field over the years, the APC/CZA heard information about violence, primarily at the Croatian and Hungarian, and now at the Bosnian border too. Force is often used on migrants and they are forced to take off their shoes and are forced to return to Serbia, walking many kilometres barefoot. And now we witness such things every day. What is important now is that the representatives of the institutions, the Commissariat for refugees and the Commissioner are talking about this and it shows how serious the problem is. This is something we see daily, and our public, not only ours but also the foreign, should know about this, Djurovic concluded.

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The full conversation can be viewed at the following link: https://bit.ly/2lWZyr3

Commissioner for refugees Vladimir Cucić said that at one time this abuse had been reduced, but that violence had increased in the past month and exceeded the limits of regular police coercion when returning across the border, but that it was moving into apparent torturing of refugees. This is the first time that the Commissioner for Refugees of the Republic of Serbia has spoken in public about the problem of violence at the border between Serbia and Croatia, which has been present for several years now.

 

Migrant/refugee situation on the northern border of Serbia from July 22 to August 2, 2019

Text: APC Photo: APC

Subotica, Horgoš, Kelebija, Kikinda, 03 August 2019 – APC/CZA staff regularly visit border areas in northern Serbia, migrant and refugee reception camps and open locations where migrants and refugees are located along the borders with Croatia, Hungary, Romania and BiH. APC / CZA mobile teams talk with refugees, provide them with legal information and psychosocial assistance. Through conversations with refugees, APC / CZA mobile teams gathered information about the migrant and refugee situation at the mentioned borders, about the main problems, crossing borders attempts, violence, inhumane and illegal treatment and violation of the rights of refugees and migrants, as well as illegal push-backs conducted by the police along the northwestern borders of Serbia.

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The APC/CZA collects information on the situation in camps, the living conditions of migrants and refugees and their treatment by camp administrations, representatives of institutions and citizens, respect for the rights of asylum seekers and migrants, problems, potential discrimination, violence, trafficking, smuggling and other challenges of asylum and migration in local communities.

APC/CZA lawyer and psychologist help refugees to report violence, corruption, discrimination, smuggling, crimes, labor and other exploitation, trafficking, assist them to express their asylum intention and to apply for asylum if they seek refuge in Serbia. In addition, the APC/CZA psychosocial team provides psychological assistance and empowers migrants and refugees, helping them to cope with stress and other consequences of violence, injuries, inhumane behavior and illegal push backs, helping them to obtain health care and get a caregiver if they are unaccompanied minor. The APC/CZA teams help them to get social protection and assistance from local centers for social work and the APC/CZA team also empower migrants and refugees to overcome existing challenges and threats and reduce their own vulnerability.

Through work on the field, talks with migrants and refugees and insight into the local situation, from July 22 to August 2, 2019, APC/CZA mobile team identified current problems, challenges and practices in the north of Serbia and along north- western borders of Serbia.

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Intense attempts of refugees to cross the Hungarian and Croatian borders and illegal push-backs to Serbia

On July 24, the APC/CZA mobile team visited an open location near Horgos where large number of migrants try to cross the Hungarian border every day. During this visit, APC/CZA legal and psychosocial officers spoke with migrants, including at least 10 unaccompanied minors. A.J. (15, Afghanistan), an unaccompanied minor reported, he doesn't want to go to camp because he hopes to succeed every time he goes for the Game (illegal attempt to cross the border), even though he's tired. He tries to cross the border at Horgos at least twice a week by hiding in the trailers of cargo trucks, but in most cases, he was caught through the scanner fixed at Hungarian side of the border, and then he is illegally pushed back to Serbia past the official readmission process. As A.J. it states, his last attempt to cross the border was on July 23 during the night, when 20 migrants were deployed in the parking lot at the Horgos border crossing entering the trailers. He and his friend were spotted by Hungarian police on a scanner on the Hungarian side of the Horgos border crossing, photographed, and returned without violence. They were told to go through a gate near the Horgos border crossing, as it became routine and regular practice.

As of last week, 10 new migrants, mostly unaccompanied minors, are in an open location near Horgos, half of which them have never been to any camp in Serbia. Their presence as well as their location is reported to the local social work center.

APC/CZA mobile team consisting of lawyer and psychologist spoke with K.N. (23, Afghanistan) who tried to cross the border during the night of July 23 by hiding in a truck trailer. He stated that he received a punch on the face by a truck driver, who spotted him near his trailer in the parking lot. The Hungarian police officers observed this situation without intervention. After this, K.N. returned to the Pustara location near Horgos.

During a visit to an open site near Horgos on July 26, APC/CZA staff members spoke with M.A. (18, Afghanistan), who was pushed-back to Serbia by the Hungarian police on July 25th. On the same occasion, the Hungarian police pushed-back 50 migrants who tried to cross the border hidding in several trucks. This group had previously stayed in an open location near Horgos, called Pustara. They crossed from Serbia to Croatia unseen, then from Croatia to Hungary. When the trucks stopped at a Hungarian highway for toilets, the migrants were spotted and captured by Hungarian police. They were photographed, their data was recorded, and their phones were smashed. According to M.A., the migrants who were captured were transported by Hungarian police to a small gate near the Kelebija border crossing and pushed-back to Serbia. They did not notice or encounter the Serbian police, and the Hungarian police had not previously communicated with them at all.

APC/CZA lawyer and translator talked with refugees on August 1 at an open location in Subotica near the train station about the details of push-backs conducted by Hungarian police daily.

S.A. (20, Afghanistan) is one of the migrants who resides at this location, and he stated that every day, 3-4 migrants from that location attempt illegal crossings to Hungary. He also stated that the controls at the Serbian border are increased. Migrants said that Serbian police take them to the police station in Kanjiža if they find them in Kelebija area on their way back from Hungary. Serbian police officers take them to the police station where they take their fingerprints, take a signature on a document which they do not understand and cannot read it and then they return to the same location at the train station. The last time S.A. had this experience on July 24, and as he stated, there were no problems with the Serbian police, except that they signed a document for which they did not have a translation and an explanation of what was it.

When the APC/CZA mobile team visited an open location at the Subotica train station on August 2, there was many injured migrants, who were beaten by Hungarian border police as they tried to cross the border at the Kelebija border crossing on July 31, hidden in train.

Z.S. (13, Afghanistan) said that he was with a group of 10 people trying to cross Hungarian border illegally, by hiding in the wagons. There were 5 minors in this group. He showed his left hand to the team where he received a strong punch, and the wound under his swollen wrist began to red. As he stated, he and other migrants were hit on the back and knees by police officers, and his body was still sore. Everyone was stripped of their backpacks and phones, as well as socks and sneakers, and was illegally pushed-back to Serbia. He came from Kelebija border crossing with the same group barefoot.

After talking with Z.S, S.Z. (16, Afghanistan) the APC/CZA team reported, he was unable to stand and cannot walk and he was bouncing on one leg to get out of place he was standing. During the encounter, he complained about severe chest pain when inhaling, and that the pain is still not diminishing, although it has been two days since he was beaten by Hungarian police officers. S.Z. showed APC/CZA team members his foot, which was visibly swollen around the ankle. He can't stand on that leg, and if he does, he feels strong pain. Next to him stood F.A. (15), who was also in the group who tried to cross the border, stating that he had been hit in the mouth. During this push-back, the police officers took the phones from the whole group and smashed them, seized their backpacks and forced them to take off their socks and shoes. They were all photographed and then returned to Kelebija by police vehicle. Police officers pushed them back through a small gate on the fence. They walked barefoot back from the border crossing to the train station in Subotica for a total of 3 hours. Serbian police were nowhere in sight at the time of the illegal push-back.

Migrants had no communication with Hungarian police officers, either during beatings and push-back, or during recording or photographing.

On July 30, APC/CZA officers visited transit center in Principovac, where they spoke with J.R. (33, Bangladesh) about his attempt to enter Croatia illegally through Bezdan with a group of 15 refugees from Bangladesh and Afghanistan. After crossing the river, the Croatian border police returned the entire group by police boat to the Serbian side of the coast, without recording. From there they returned to Sombor, and then to Principovac.

When visiting an open location at the Subotica train station on August 1, the APC/CZA mobile team spoke with migrants who intensely tried to cross Croatia from this location and then return after failing to do so. B.S. (20, Afghanistan) stated that he had crossed the river by boat with a group of 14 refugees from Afghanistan. Previous night, they crossed to Croatia and then they crossed to Hungarian territory on foot. They were captured by Hungarian police and the whole group was returned to Serbia near Horgos. He did not want to give any more details about this push-back.

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Denial of asylum rights and push-backs of migrants to Serbia by Bosnian and Croatian police

Another open location with many migrants, regularly visited by APC/CZA mobile team, is an abandoned factory "Grafosrem" near Sid. On July 30, APC/CZA lawyer and psychologist visited the abandoned factory and spoke with migrants staying there. APC/CZA staff heard of push-backs from Bosnian and Croatian police, informed migrants about the importance of registering and the benefits of accommodating in one of the camps where they could have a safe stay and access to water, food and health services. During a talk with W.N. (24, Afghanistan) and M.K. (20, Afghanistan) APC/CZA officials find out that the two have been in Serbia for 2 months and have been accommodated in a transit camp in Adasevci before coming to the abandoned factory. According to them, on July 28th they were pushed back from Bosnia and Herzegovina after a 45-minute walk inside the territory. They crossed to BiH using the border bridge on the Drina River at night in a group of three. They did not know the name of the place where they crossed. When they met the Bosnian police officers, they told them "We want asylum", and Bosnian police officers said to them that they cannot stay there and were denied access to the asylum procedure. They were told to return on foot across the bridge, there was no recording or violence towards migrants. Upon their return to Serbia, they did not meet Serbian police officers. W.N. also says that on the 18th of July, he attempted an illegal crossing into Croatia, first walking on foot near Batrovci, along the road no. 55, and at the truck stop called "Three Cafes" he got into a trailer of one truck which drove him to Zagreb. In Zagreb, he was arrested on the street and taken to a police station, where he spent 12 hours. He was photographed, his fingerprints were taken, and he was taken to the border with Serbia by a police vehicle. He was ejected from the vehicle near Tovarnik, from where he continued to Serbia on foot. He entered the Serbian territory near Šid. W.N. has so far tried a total of 17 times to cross into Croatia illegally, and has been beaten every time, except that last time when he managed to come to Zagreb.

M.Z. (18, Afghanistan) reported that on July 26, after 7 km of walking along a railway line, he was captured by Croatian police officers near Tovarnik. During his encounter with APC/CZA mobile team, he had great difficulty speaking, and we were able to learn that his neck and throat were hurt from the hits he received from Croatian police officers after he was caught. He seemed shocked and completely disoriented. As he stated, he was alone. Four police officers threw him to the ground between the rails, his stomach on the ground, his hands above his head, and kicked him on the back and legs, and at the end, one police officer pressed his neck with a boot, kicked his leg and hit him with a boot over his neck, while M.Z. was laid down. He was then told to go back along the railroad to Sid, he was forced to take off his shoes and to walk barefoot along the railroad back to Sid. he was not recorded in any way, and he did not meet the Serbian police on his return.

R.A. from Morocco (22), who spoke with APC/CZA staff on July 30 at an open location in Sid, reported that he tried to make illegal crossings to Croatia every day, most often on foot, following a railway, in a group of 3-4 people. He says that they are always noticed by the locals almost every time they come to Vinkovci. Local people call the police who come in minutes. Each time, R.A. said to the police that he wanted asylum, and every time he was told that there is no asylum for him. According to R.A, he was last put in a tray with another ten refugees 5-6 days ago. Croatian police officers drove them to Tovarnik and then, while migrants were leaving the vehicle one at a time, the police officers hit or kicked them once or twice. Afterwards, they were shown a route to Sid, in which direction they returned to the border with the police on foot. They did not meet the Serbian police on their return to Serbia.

Slovenian police return refugees to Croatia, where they have been forcibly pushed back to Serbia

R.A. has so far been denied asylum 5 times and returned from Slovenia to Croatia. He stated that each time, an interpreter at the police station was present, he gave a paper to the group of migrants, which they are told is an asylum statement, and as soon as the papers were signed, they are being pushed to Croatia by police. Push-back to Croatia happens after spending six to twelve hours at a police station in Ljubljana or Maribor (where they take their fingerprints and take pictures of them). After that, Slovenian police officers put the migrants in a vehicle, drive them to the border crossing and deliver them directly to the Croatian police officers. The Croats then, usually without registration, put them in a vehicle and brought them to Tovarnik, where they hit them with their fists or kick them after exiting the vehicle, and then force them to return to Šid on foot. They do not see the Serbian police on their return and have no communication with the Croatian police. The question remains whether Slovenian police return refugees to Croatia in accordance with readmission rules, or whether they are illegally pushing refugees.

S.B. (33) from Algeria told APC/CZA team members that he had been pushed back from Slovenia the previous night (29 to 30 July). According to him, on July 24, he crossed into Croatia by walking along the railway near Šid, then he took the regional road, where he walked for two days. From Varazdin, he went via Zagreb to Maribor by taxi. There were two of them in the taxi. In Maribor, they are apprehended by the Slovenian police and taken to the police station, where they were held for 2 days and received neither water nor food. They were insulted and shouted on. Slovenian police officers told them that there was no asylum for them, they took their fingerprints and photographed them, and returned them to Croatia, handing them over to Croatian police officers, who then brought them to Tovarnik and pushed them back illegally to Serbia.

Another testimony about the push back of Slovenian police was heard by APC / CZA officials when visiting an open location at a bus station in Loznica.

M.J. (25, Afghanistan) was pushed back from Slovenia to Croatia on July 20th. He came from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia and then to Slovenia. He was captured near the border with Italy by Slovenian police and then handed over to Croatian police, who then returned him to Serbia. He states that he told police that he wanted asylum in Croatia, but that they did not react to it, and that they told him that he will return him to Serbia. He demanded that he wants to return to BiH, and said that he entered Croatia from there, but they did not release him. He was returned to Serbia in the vicinity of Tovarnik illegally and without the knowledge and presence of the Serbian police.

Push backs from the Romanian police

During a visit to the camp in Sid on July 30, APC/CZA legal and psychosocial officers spoke with B.J. (25, Iraq), who is staying at the camp with his brother, wife and their five children. They have been in Serbia for a month. B.J. states that he has repeatedly tried to cross into the territory of Croatia, but to no avail since he was captured by the Croatian border police every time. He stated that he also tried to enter Romania, near Kikinda. He tried to cross the border in the direction of Timisoara where he was caught by Romanian border police. Romanian police recorded B.J. by photographing him, he signed documents whose contents he did not understand because he did not have an interpreter, and then he was put in a vehicle and transported to the Serbian border, where he was taken over by the Serbian border police following the invitation of the Romanian police. B.J. he did not know in which city he received the verdict of the misdemeanor court, nor where he paid the fine for the offense for which he was prosecuted in Serbia (illegal crossing of the border). The paper he received was not with him because he had destroyed it.

On August 1, APC/CZA team members spoke with S.D. (16) and R.R. (16) from Afghanistan during a visit to the Krnjaca Asylum Center. They tried to enter Romania on July 27 but were returned by Romanian police as soon as they crossed the border, without violence. H.N. (22, Afghanistan) had the same experience. he managed to cross the border with Romania in early July but was immediately captured and returned to Serbia by Romanian police, also without violence.

During a talk with W.K.A. (19, Afghanistan) in Subotica on August 2, APC/CZA officials learned that on July 30, a group of 29 migrants (including one minor) was illegally deported from Romanian territory by Romanian border police. The whole group entered the territory of Romania from Serbia near the town of Medja. Romanian police registered migrants by photographing them with tables with their names written on. During the capturing there was no communication with the police and the migrants were not allowed to seek asylum. Romanian police then called the Serbian border police and handed them over a group of migrants. Serbian police did not prosecute this group, and they returned to a camp in Kikinda and to an open location in Subotica.

Push-back by Serbian police to Macedonia

About 20 refugees, mostly from Afghanistan reside in an open location near Horgos border crossing which was visited by APC/CZA mobile team on August 1, 2019. Attempts to cross the border with Hungary from this location are conducted on daily basis. S.M. (22, Afghanistan) told APC / CZA team about the push-back he experienced from Serbian police when he tried to enter Serbia from Macedonia. On his first attempt of crossing, which occurred on July 20, a Serbian policeman punched him with his baton on his back and told him to return to Macedonia. In the next attempt, which happened later that day, he successfully crossed the border without the presence of Serbian police. He has been in Serbia for 11 days, of which he spent 5 days in a camp in Bujanovac.

KIRS officers kicked the entire family out of a camp in Sid due to an incident of one family member

During providing legal information and psychological support to refugees in Sid camp, APC/CZA lawyer and psychologist were approached by F.M. (39). She complained about the problems she has been facing in the camp, and asked us to wait for her husband, who is somewhere nearby, as he sleeps outdoors. As we learn, her husband H.H. (39) 10 days ago (July 20), after getting drunk, he argued with some migrants at the camp and with KIRS officials, he yelled and at one point broke the window with his own hand. Subsequently, KIRS officers expelled the entire family, that is, him, his wife F.M. and their son of six and a half years. As the spouses describe, they were evicted early in the morning, and in the evening KIRS received back the wife and son, but the husband was left outside. H.H. states that he sleeps outside, still wearing plaster on his right hand which he cut when breaking the window. Also, F.H. complained that they did not receive a card issued regularly for necessities this month, and she believes that she did not receive a card as an additional punishment for her husband's conduct.

Discrimination against refugees in Sid and Subotica

Discrimination against refugees on various grounds is a problem that is often encountered during APC/ CZA fieldwork. According to migrants with whom APC/CZA team members talked during a visit to the camp in Sid, migrants are often discriminated in shops in Sid when they try to buy something with their cash cards. Migrants receive cash cards with which they can pay for goods, however, as B.J. (25, Iraq) stated, in some stores in Sid sellers refuse to charge migrants for goods through the cash cards, although it is known with certainty that the goods can be paid with the card. Vendors often refuse to sell the goods, making excuses for why they reject the card.

The first signs of refugee discrimination are also evident in Subotica, where hairdressers refuse to provide their services to migrants and refugees.

One example is the J. family from Afghanistan who is staying in a camp in Subotica. S.M. (31), G.J. (39) and their children B.J. (10) and M.J. (12) came to the APC/CZA office on July 22 to confirm the same practices. S.M. confirms she couldn't get a haircut for her children and herself. She was concerned about the problem of discrimination and felt the need to point out that her boys were clean, they knew how to speak Serbian, and she did not understand the difference that was being made with her and her children.

The APC/CZA team works to identify and properly address main discrimination issues through existing mechanisms available under current regulations and in individual interventions in specific discrimination cases.

 

Migrant/refugee situation in the south of Serbia from April 22 to June 24, 2019

Text: APC Photo: APC

Bujanovac, Preševo, Vranje, Pirot, June 24, 2019 – APC/CZA mobile team regularly visits border areas in southern Serbia, as well as transit and reception camps for migrants and refugees in Presevo, Vranje, Bujanovac, Pirot, Nis, Dimitrivograd and elsewhere. They represent the first contact point for migrants and refugees who enter Serbia across its southern borders, providing them with information, legal assistance and assistance with registering at a police station, obtaining registration papers with which they can be accommodated in one of the reception or asylum centers in Serbia, they can express their asylum intention, report corruption, discrimination, smuggling, crimes and human trafficking. In addition, the APC/CZA psychosocial team provides psychological assistance and empowers migrants, helping them to get appropriate health care, to obtain a caregiver if they are unaccompanied minors, to obtain social care and assistance from local welfare centers, but also empowering them to overcome their existing challenges.

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The APC /CZA collects information about situation in camps, about living conditions of migrants and refugees and their treatment by camp administrations, representatives of institutions and citizens, on respect for asylum seekers and migrants, their problems, potential discrimination, violence, trafficking, smuggling, push-backs and other challenges of asylum and migration.

Through fieldwork, talks with migrants and refugees and insight into the local situation, from April 22 to June 24, 2019, APC / CZA officials identified current problems, challenges and practices in the southern areas and at the borders of Serbia.

Method of registration and accommodation in the reception center in Bujanovac

During a regular visit to the Bujanovac reception center, APC / CZA lawyer and psychologist gathered information from a migrant from Afghanistan who has been in Bujanovac for a long time. About the new people registration rule applied by the Commissariat for Refugees. Namely, the rule involves organizing the registration of new persons only if they stay in the camp for more than two days. Talking to people in the camp gives the impression that this rule is still valid and that the registration is not organized within the first few days after arrival, but sometimes migrants wait for more than two weeks to be registered. However, during conversations with refugees, we learned that some refugees are being registered after just one day, so it is possible that registration decisions are made depending on the current situation in the camp. Also, it is not clear who can be accommodated in Bujanovac reception center, given that according to the APC/CZA information, a young man from Afghanistan was allowed to stay in the camp in May although he was assigned to go to a camp in Pirot. Also, from a conversation with M.S. (20, Pakistan) APC officials learned that the camp administration didn't let him in Bujanovac reception center because he had been assigned to go to a camp in Pirot, so he spent the night in the camp yard because he did not have money to go to Pirot.

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Romanian border

In April 2019, M.F. (34 Iran), his wife R.K. (26, Iran), and their son Karen (2), together with another Iranian family who were accommodated in Vranje camp, tried to enter Romania, but were captured by Romanian police a few kilometers deep into Romanian territory. M.F. told APC/CZA staff that the Romanian police hit him with a rubber stick and then pushed the whole group back into Serbian territory. No one in the group asked for asylum in Romania.

Deportation from Bosnia and Herzegovina

During meeting with R.M. (37, Iran), he talked with APC/CZA team members about his attempts to cross the Croatian border and about his deportation from BiH to Serbia. He boarded Serbia eight months ago and was stationed at a camp in Pirot. He first tried to cross to Bosnia, but he was caught by Bosnian police. They confiscated his money, brought him in and he spent a month in prison. After the court procedure was completed, R.M. was legally deported and handed over to Serbian police at the border crossing between Serbia and BiH (does not know the name of the crossing). After that, he returned to Pirot, from where he illegally entered Croatia 8 times, then went from Croatia to Hungary. These crossing attempts were made from November 2018 to April 2019. He was captured 8 times by Hungarian police officers and returned to Serbia every time, even though he entered Hungary from Croatia.

Read more: Migrant/refugee situation in the south of Serbia from April 22 to June 24, 2019

Greece sees first mass arrival of migrant boats in three years

Source: Ekathimerini Photo: RTE

Athens, 30 August 2019 – Over a dozen migrant boats landed on Greece's Lesbos island within minutes of each other on Thursday in the first such mass arrival from neighbouring Turkey in three years, officials said, prompting Greece to summon Turkey's ambassador.

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In 2015, at the height of Europe's migrant crisis, thousands of people were arriving on Greek shores every day. The numbers dropped dramatically after the European Union and Ankara implemented a deal in March 2016 to cut off the flow.

Of the 56,000 refugees and migrants arriving in Europe this year, nearly half have been to a handful of Greek islands, and the number has risen in recent months, United Nations data shows.

Sixteen boats carrying about 650 people reached Lesbos on Thursday, 13 of those in under an hour, according to police and the United Nations refugee agency UNHCR.

"It surprised us. We haven't seen this type of simultaneous arrivals in this number since 2016," said Boris Cheshirkov, spokesman for UNHCR in Greece.

Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias summoned the Turkish ambassador on Friday to "express Greece's deep discontent" with the rise in flows from Turkey, diplomatic sources said. The ambassador said Turkey was "committed" to the EU-Turkey deal and that its policy had not changed, the sources said.

Read more: Greece sees first mass arrival of migrant boats in three years

The number of migrants arriving in Greece and through the Western Balkans is increasing

Source: Ekathimerini Photo: Reuters

Athens, August 14, 2019 – The number of illegal migrant arrivals on the islands of the eastern Aegean is on the rise compared to last year, according to data released by the European Union border agency, Frontex.

"In the first seven months of this year, the total number of detections in the Eastern Mediterranean was down 6 percent from a year ago to almost 28,200," it said. Frontex said that despite the overall decrease, arrivals on the Aegean islands increased by a quarter compared to the same period last year. Most of the migrants detected on this route were nationals of Afghanistan.

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Greek Deputy Minister for Migration Policy, Jorgos Kumucakos, said that migrants' flow had increased by 44 percent this year over the same period in 2018, ANA-MPA reports. Kumucakos pointed out that a new "corridor" of migrant and refugee flows between Alexandroupolis and Samothrace was formed last month, adding that this puts additional pressure on the already difficult situation in the Greek islands.

As for the Western Balkan route, Frontex said there were 460 detections of illegal border crossings recorded in July while the total for the first seven months reached nearly 5,800. "Double the figure from a year ago," Frontex said.

At the same time, Frontex said almost 2,900 entered Europe via the Western Mediterranean route – a 22 percent rise compared to June. The vast majority of these migrants came from Sub-Saharan Africa.

Moreover it noted an increase of 25 percent compared to last year via the Central Mediterranean route for the first seven months of this year – with migrants mainly from Tunisia, Sudan and Pakistan.

APC organized an integration event for refugees in Tutin

Text: APC Photo: APC

Tutin, August 10, 2019 - APC implemented an integration event in Tutin in cooperation with Nazim Halilovic, a teacher from the local school "Rifat Burdzevic Trso", with whom APC has long been cooperated in process of integrating refugee children into school. With the help of Nazim, his family and friends who are living in Tutin, we brought local culture closer to refugees by making pies and "mantije".

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During the lunch, participants discussed situations in their countries, refugees had the opportunity to practice our language, and locals were fascinated with their knowledge of the language. Refugees were particularly interested to hear about wedding customs, as they have the opportunity to see celebrations in the city almost every day at this time of year in Tutin.

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The APC has long been organizing this type of events in local communities that host refugee camps with the aim of connecting the locals and refugees more closely. Connection is achieved through the exchange of cultures, through conversation about customs and lifestyles in different countries. Organizing such events, breaking down prejudices and stereotypes that may exist regarding other cultures.

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Is there a need for a special center for migrant children?

Source: Tanjug, Večernje novosti Photo: Tanjug

Belgrade, 21 July 2019 – Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA) believes that the existing centers for accommodation of minor migrants are inadequate and urges the opening of a special center for the reception of these children.

According to the Ministry of Labor, there are currently between 300 and 600 unaccompanied migrant children in Serbia, and they are being taken care of by the concerned institutions - they have assigned caretaker, they are provided with accommodation, psychosocial support etc. ,but Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA) considers that the existing centers for their accommodation are inadequate and appeal for the opening of a special center for the reception of these children.

"The accommodation offered to these children is not good enough because they are accommodated together with adults and opening of a center exclusively for unaccompanied minors would be a solution that would provide them with the protection and care they need, APC/CZA psychologist Jana Stojanovic tells Tanjug.

She claims that the number of these children is constantly increasing and that, according to APC/CZA estimates, there are around 500 unaccompanied minors in Serbia right now.

Jana Tanjug

She states that APC/CZA encounter such children on a daily basis and meet them in the streets, parks, and see them sleeping outdoors.

" Unaccompanied minors are in majority in Belgrade and some of them are accommodated in the Asylum Center in Krnjaca," Stojanovic said.

She also points out the problem of data inconsistency, stating that according to the APC/CZA data, as of June, there were close to 500 unaccompanied migrant minor children in Serbia, and according to MUP data, only 390 were registered in Serbia from the beginning of the year until July.

There are several children who have never been registered, Stojanovic warns, explaining that they often avoid registration, fearing that it will be a problem for them if they manage to move to some European country, which is their ultimate goal.

The most numerous are teenagers between the ages of 14 and 17, and the increase in younger children is noticeable.

"We have come into contact with children who are only 9 years old and travel alone without their parents and guardians and anyone who cares for them," says Stojanovic, who warns that they are heavily influenced by older groups, which presents big danger for them.

Speaking about the procedures, Stojanovic stated that anyone who comes in contact with a person who declares himself a minor and travels alone is obliged to contact the Center for Social Work, which further takes responsibility for caring about minor, determining custody and his/hers staying in accommodation facilities, while the police oversees registration. However, Stojanovic states that the capacities of the Centers for Social Work are not enough to be able to respond to every call.

Majority of the minors are housed at the Krnjaca Asylum Center, then at the Institution for the Education of Children and Youth and in the Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj Home, which is part of the Center for the Protection of Infants, Children and Youth in Belgrade.

However, Jana Stojanovic warns that the way they are accommodated is problematic since a large number of children are being taken to centers together with adults, even though this is not the place for them.

"That is why they are often at risk of being abused, they are often victims of violence, subject to various abuses, easy to manipulate because they come in contact with different people," Stojanovic says.

She stated that the minor migrants themselves complained that they do not feel safe in such centers, because the adults threaten them, try to rob them, break into rooms and that this is not the place they should be.

"Therefore, the only adequate solution to this problem is the establishment of a special center for the placement of unaccompanied migrant children, where they would have all the necessary care appropriate to their age, and it would also be much more rational to engage the capacity of professional institutions," Stojanovic concludes.

APC/CZA mobile office helping refugees wherever they are

Text: APC Photo: APC

Krnjača, August 05, 2019 – APC/CZA team of legal and psychosocial staff using our mobile office on wheels "APC camper" to visit Krnjaca camp, where many of the refugees are unaccompanied minors, providing them with all the necessary information and support to claim asylum, access the system and asylum procedure, recognize/prevent smuggling or trafficking. APC/CZA mobile office with a team of lawyers, psychologists and social workers provide help to young refugees & migrants across Serbia with valid information, holistic legal, psychological, social and humanitarian aid and being a safe space, they otherwise wouldn't have in forests, along the borders, in the large transit centers/remote areas, in suburbs of cities, abandoned buildings & makeshift shelters, etc. Our mobile office works to protect & empower children, saving them from danger and supporting their wellbeing.

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Moreover, APC/CZA have a cooperation with local centers for social welfare and contact with social workers in the field to report and assist many of the unaccompanied minors so they can be protected and accommodated in one of reception center and have free access to medical assistance and local health institutions.

The number of crossing attempts of the Romanian border is increasing

Text: APC Photo: APC

MOKRIN, July 25 – According to the information from the field gathered by the APC mobile team, the Romanian border is used less often for illegal crossings when compared to the Hungarian and Croatian borders; however, the number of crossing attempts and violent push-backs from the Romanian border has increased in the last two months. APC lawyers, psychologists, and cultural mediators help refugees by providing them with information to better understand their legal status, their rights, obligations, and the opportunities at their disposal to protect themselves.

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According to the information from the field, at least 50 people try to cross the Romanian border every week, including single men from Bangladesh and Pakistan residing in Kikinda and families from camps around the Croatian border, as well as single men from Afghanistan who are staying in camps in Belgrade (Obrenovac).

During the push-backs, Romanian police use excessive physical force, striking migrants with batons and kicking them. Policemen are robbing the migrants, taking their personal belongings, their phones, which they sometimes destroy. In most cases, Romanian police do not communicate with migrants and do not allow them to express their intention to seek asylum if migrants even attempt to seek asylum.

Ahsan from Bangladesh told APC team that the last time he tried to cross the Romanian border was two weeks ago. He went from Mokrin towards the border, about an hour on foot from the Kikinda camp.

There were 4 people in the group, and as Ahsan explains, around midnight, after crossing the border on foot, two police vehicles with 8 Romanian police officers were in front of them. According to Ahsan, they took 4 phones and 145 euros from the group, beat them with batons and kicked them. Ahsan says that two of his acquaintances received very strong blows to the baton on the head, causing them to crack the skin on their heads, and in a short time be covered with blood. After being beaten and after taking their phones, they were pushed back into the territory of Serbia.

Migrants have been trying to cross the Romanian border in the vicinity of Mokrin municipality, then in the village of Medja near Novi Bečej and the vicinity of Vršac.

An increasing number of migrants are living outdoors and trying to cross borders

Text: APC Photo: APC

July 24, 2019 - An increase in the number of migrants attempting to cross borders along with the border areas with Croatia, Hungary, and Romania has been noted by APC mobile team. According to the information gathered by APC/CZA mobile team, which regularly visits, informs and advises persons residing in border areas, the number of persons staying in open locations in Subotica and the surrounding area, who are increasingly trying to cross the borders, has doubled. It is even noticeable that groups of migrants who are residing at the border with Croatia are moving to Subotica, and as a reason for this, some migrants cite less violent push backs on the Hungarian border than on the border with Croatia. In addition to single men and minors from Afghanistan, there are families with children present on the open locations, as well as single women, mostly from Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan. The families we meet on the field mostly spent 2 to 3 years in some of the camps in Serbia before coming to these locations.

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60 to 100 people are trying to cross the Hungarian border daily, and push-backs are happening every day at the Kelebija and Horgos border crossings. Migrants most often try to cross by hiding in the truck trailers, and according to information from the field, riskier ways are also used, such as holding under train wagons. This dangerous method is largely used by unaccompanied minors. Occasionally, migrants experience violent push-backs, which include the destruction of phones, kicking and punching, but they point out that lately, this is not a daily practice of the Hungarian police and that the use of violence on Hungarian border is noticeably reduced, compared with the situation on the Croatian border.

Crossing attempts at the Romanian border have also been intensified, and in addition to single men, at least 2 families a week attempt illegal crossings to Romania, usually on foot. It is most commonly tried near Mokrin, near the village of Medja, then near Vrsac and Banatska Topola. Currently, migrants from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, as well as families from Iran and Afghanistan who have previously stayed in camps in Serbia are trying to make the transition.

At the border crossings with Croatia, multiple locations are used daily crossing attempts, both on land and river. Migrants from Afghanistan, as well as fewer refugees from Bangladesh, Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, are using these locations for border crossings. Crossings of families on the Croatian border have not been are rare, most likely due to the increased use of violence by the Croatian police compared to the border police of other countries. Single men are trying to make illegal crossings to Croatia usually around Batrovci on foot, and then in the next larger truck parking lot, they try to get into trailers or hide under truck trailers. Also, migrants cross the territory of Croatia on foot, along a railway line in the vicinity of Bački Breg. Also, migrants in larger groups of up to 20 people are attempting to cross the territory of Croatia near Bezdan and Apatin by boat.

Read more: An increasing number of migrants are living outdoors and trying to cross borders

Motivating children refugees to continue their education in Serbia

Text: APC Photo: APC

Sjenica, July 24, 2019 - During the summer break, the Asylum Protection Center team consisting of a social worker, pedagogue and cultural mediator is conducting workshops in Sjenica which are tackling the topic of education in Serbia.

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Since the turnout of refugee children attending the Technical School in Sjenica in the second half of this year was very small, and the longest that the children stayed in school was six weeks, our team conducted workshops aimed at examining the problems that led to a lack of motivation for going to school. To examine the problems that these mostly unaccompanied minors encountered during integration in our education system, APC psychosocial team designed and implemented a workshop that should help children identify specific problems and find ways to overcome those problems, but also to support and motivate them to continue their education in Serbia.

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During the workshop, children and young refugees accommodated in the camp in Sjenica shared with team that the most common problems they are encountering are lack of school supplies, lack of technical information (when the classes start, do they change classrooms, how long the classed will last), lack of information on socially acceptable school behavior and the absence of a snack/lunch while at school. One of the participants shared with us that he did not even know what to wear until the day before school, he was not sure whether the children in Serbia were wearing uniforms or if there was some way of dressing for school. Integrating refugee children into school can be extremely challenging at first. The reasons for this are the new environment, lack of knowledge of the language, unresolved expectations, especially with unaccompanied minors who lack parental support, which should be provided by guardians and other persons in their surroundings.

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As the benefits of schooling in Serbia, children and young people from Sjenica emphasized meeting with peers from Sjenica, learning about the new culture and school system, learning the language, getting the additional support from teachers and professional staff at the school.
When asked what they would like to say to those who may influence their education in Serbia, participants from the workshop in the camp in Sjenica stated that they would like to be provided with additional support, to visit the school before they start attending it, to get acquainted with the headmaster and some of the professional associates they could turn to for help, and most of all, to be patient with them, especially at first, until they can manage themselves at school.

Forced refugee push backs to Macedonia from January to April 2019

Text: APC Photo: APC

Bujanovac, Presevo, Vranje, Pirot, 30 April 2019 – Employees of the Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA) make regular visits to the camps in Vranje, Bujanovac, Pirot and open locations in Presevo. Here, APC conducted informal interviews with many refugees between January and April 2019. In these interviews, APC was able to gain information about illegal push-backs conducted by the Serbian police and gendarmerie. APC's refugee informants described their being forced back into Macedonia, the territory from which they arrived in Serbia, and the maltreatment and hardships they endured as a result from such a procedure.

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H.K.M. (25, Iraq), his brother H.K. (35) his wife A.A.M. (28) and their three children, all of whom from Iraq, arrived in Serbia at the end of March 2019 from Macedonia. The APC team first came into contact with them at the beginning of April in Bujanovac. H.K.M. told the team that they managed to enter Serbia after their third attempt, as the Serbian police illegally returned them back across the border two times. Both times they were caught by the police near the border and were told to return to Macedonia.

The next case on which the team gathered information is about the push back of two refugees from Afghanistan: A.S. (35) ad S.M. (19). Successfully making it to Serbia on February 18th, A.C. and S.M. told APC that the Serbian police returned them to Macedonia when they attempted to cross the border earlier that February. When they succeeded in crossing the border without a push back, they were caught gain by the Serbian police near Miratovac. The police registered them and sent them to Bujanovac camp.

APC heard similar quotes from I.J.M. (20) and A.H. (19), both from Pakistan. They were illegally sent to Macedonia twice by the Serbian police before they were able to cross the border and come to Belgrade. From Belgrade, they were sent to Vranje by the police, where our employees met and spoke with them in January 2019.

Read more: Forced refugee push backs to Macedonia from January to April 2019

EASO Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the EU 2018

Source: EASO Photo: EASO

Brussels, 25 June 2019 – The objective of the EASO Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union is to provide a comprehensive overview of the situation of asylum in the EU (including information on Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Iceland), describing and analysing flows of applicants for international protection, major developments in legislation, jurisprudence, and policies at the EU+ and national level and reporting on the practical functioning of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

EASo photo - Copy

The EASO Annual Report covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2018 inclusive, but also refers to major recent relevant developments in the year of writing.

Statistics on first and second-instance decisions

In 2018, there were 664 480 applications for international protection in EU+ countries, which marked a decrease for the third consecutive year, this time by 10 %. Approximately 9 % of all applications involved repeated applicants. The number of applications lodged in EU+ was similar to 2014, when 662 165 applications were lodged. It is worth noting that, while the number of applications remained remarkably stable throughout 2018, the relative stability at EU+ level conceals stark variation between Member States and between individual applicant citizenships. Migratory pressure at the EU external borders decreased for the third consecutive year. An upsurge in detections at the Western Mediterranean route occurred (more than doubled), equalling the number of detections atthe Eastern Mediterranean route (some 57 000 each). Syria (since 2013) (13 %), Afghanistan and Iraq (7% each) were the three main countries of origin of applicants in the EU+, together constituting more than a quarter of all applicants in 2018 (27%).

Read more: EASO Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the EU 2018

The APC southern office organized a movie night for its volunteers in Presevo

ext: APC Photo: APC

Presevo, 12 June 2019 – Last week, the APC office in Presevo organized a movie night for its young volunteers. These volunteers have been working diligently with APC to help support refugees in Serbia's southern camps, so putting on such an event demonstrated the organization's strong appreciation for their help. The French film "Welcome" was shown as part of the refugee-related film series which the office was organizing in local high schools. The movie follows the life of a seventeen-year-old Iraqi Kurd named Bilal and his journey to find refuge in Great Britain.

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This is one of the ways in which domestic teenagers can become familiar with the experiences of refugee children who were forced to leave their countries and face different challenges by themselves.

"Welcome" presents the problems, risks, and challenges Bilal, and many other refugee children, faces on his route to Great Britain. The film deals with themes such as racism and institutionalized discrimination and violence by state authorities and parts of the general population. It's not all bad, though, as "Welcome" does also illustrate the empathy of British nationals who understand Bilal and help him along the way.

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After the screening, a short discussion was held with our team.

Djurovic: The human attitude towards refugees is crucial in order to understand them and help them

Source: Radio Beograd 1 Photo: APC

Belgrade, 20 June 2019 – On the occasion of World Refugee Day, Misa Stojiljkovic hosted Rados Djurovic in the morning program of Radio Belgrade 1 "Catch the Day!". During the show's regular section "Question of the Morning" listeners were asked how they would solve the issue of migrants and how our country is dealing with refugees.

The largest number of refugees are people fleeing war or persecution, with which anyone living in the Balkans can empathize given the region's history in the 20th century, Djurovic said. It is therefore important to remember, especially on World Refugee Day, that everyone could face the refugee fate, and that the human attitude towards refugees is crucial in order to understand them and help them.

The general impression is that refugees are being criminalized in Europe, and more generally throughout the developed world, by politicians who want to gain some political points through widespread xenophobia. Djurovic claims that the media is also to blame, as it largely shapes the narrative surrounding refugees through its imagery.

Regarding the situation in our country, Serbia is still a transit country that is faced with permanent push backs, or illegal returns of refugees across the border where their right to asylum is denied. Having this situation in mind and being cognizant of the forever changing circumstances refugees face, it is important to note that many people wish to stay in Serbia. It is therefore necessary that special accommodation centers have the proper conditions for a normal life, keeping in mind the fact that refugees are more likely to stay there for two to three years.

According to UNHCR, a total of 71 million refugees were registered in 2018, which is the largest number of refugees since the organization's inception over seven decades ago. has existed, which is just over seven decades.

APC southern team organized an integration event for youth and refugees in Bujanovac

Text: APC Video: APC

Bujanovac, 14 June 2019 – The APC Preševo ​​office organized an integration event in Bujanovac in cooperation with the cultural association "Dituria". Young people from Bujanovac had the opportunity to meet refugees who are staying in the town's camp, while they cooked one Iranian and one local dish for all participants. Refugees from the camp in Bujanovac don't have the opportunity to get in contact with the local population or leave the camp. Refugees are fairly isolated in the camp, and nobody helps them to establish any communication with the local population. The camp is located on the main road, outside the city, which is further separating these people and isolates them from the local environment.

At our interactive event and with the preparation of lunch, the participants got to know each other better and talk about cultural similarities and differences. Also, refugees had the opportunity to learn some practical things they need in everyday life in the local environment. Young people from Bujanovac were interested in finding out more about the refugees' everyday lives, as well as the problems they've been facing on their migration route. Each story was listened to with interest and disbelief in the notion that there are people who live right next to them and have such drastically different life stories.

The acquaintances established at our event will continue to evolve in everyday life and during future socializing among the participants. In this way, APC is working to facilitate interaction of people and the dissolution of prejudices that may exist in the local environment toward refugees. Moreover, these events promote tolerance and encourage social inclusion of the refugees in local society. Young people from Bujanovac demonstrated that they are very open to refugees and that with these kind of events they can easily establish contact and communication with refugees.

Đurović: The biggest problem in Serbia is that we do not have accommodation for unaccompanied minor migrants

Source: PRVA

Belgrade, 08 June 2019 – On June 7th, a young refugee was killed after being stabbed 24 times in Belgrade. Many believe this murder was allegedly an act of revenge for the victim's complicity in the murder of another refugee that took place only 12 hours earlier. Serbians are upset, especially those who live near the reception centers because they know the refugee wave will begin again.

There are many questions but only few answers that can help rationalize this violence. How are we going to resolve these acts of violence that are committed by migrants? Will Serbia become a big migrant collective center? Are these murder cases examples of personal conflicts of larger criminal organizations? Who are the people in Serbia who are waiting for Europe to open its borders? Serbian Refugee Commissioner Vladimir Cucić, Executive Secretary of the National Security Institute Darko Obradović, and Director of the Asylum Protection Center Radoš Đurović, spoke about this topic in "Jutro sa Natašom".

Đurović said that criminal groups often recruit minors, as they are able to take advantage of their ignorance and specialized needs. He emphasized the importance of minimizing this phenomenon, and pointed to the double murder described above as evidence. The involvement of children in such cruel events is a warning sign for all of us. Asked where a 16-year-old child should be living and whether there is any accommodation center for underage migrants, Đurović said that this is currently a big problem because special accommodation for minors exists, but the places amount of space is limited and most of them are accommodated in collective centers where two minors have already been killed. Đurović continued, describing that it is important to note that the institutions where refugees, especially minors, are placed such as social services or caregivers, should be taking proactive steps in protecting the health and safety of the migrant community. In doing so, they will hopefully prevent similar events from happening.

 

Djurovic: The efficiency of determining refugee status and integration of the refugees are the biggest challenges

Source: Beta Photo: Beta

Belgrade, 20 June 2019 – Director of the Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA) Rados Djurovic assessed today, on the occasion of World Refugee Day, that the biggest challenges regarding refugees in Serbia are related to the speed and efficiency with which migrants can achieve refugee status, their integration into mainstream Serbian society, and the systematic apathy demonstrated towards unaccompanied minors.

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"From January to early May 2019 out of 2,269 people who wanted to seek asylum, asylum procedure was initiated for only 107 persons, and only 12 refugee protections were granted in Serbia. This is very slow, although it is a progress compared to the previous year, when 11 refugee protections were granted to over 8,433 persons who expressed their intention to seek asylum in 2018. This means that we, in fact, do not know who the refugee is, and who is not, who has rights and obligations, and we cannot separate these two groups, which all together creates problems in practice", Djurovic said to the Beta agency.

Djurovic added that out of 227 unaccompanied minors who expressed intention to seek asylum in the first four months of 2019, only 19 began the asylum procedure. Since the establishment of Serbia's asylum system in 2008, only two unaccompanied minors have been granted asylum. "The rest remain in a legal vacuum. The system does not know if they are eligible to be refugees or not," Djurovic added.

Read more: Djurovic: The efficiency of determining refugee status and integration of the refugees are the...

Call to form a center for migrant children

Belgrade, June 07, 2019 – After the recent double homicide of unaccompanied minors in Belgrade, we are demanding that Serbian authorities establish a special center for unaccompanied minor migrants. Occurring within 48 hours of each other, these deaths are inexcusable. Both children were known to the Comissariat for Refugees, local social service centers, and the camp officials in Obrenovac and Krnjaca where they were placed. The poor conditions and violence that these unaccompanied children are exposed to will only result in more bloodshed if nothing changes.

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In this center for which we are advocating, unaccompanied minors would receive safe accommodations, adequate food, permanent professional care from social services, translators and cultural mediators, and they would have all of the necessary resources needed for their unhindered psychosocial development and learning.

At this moment, there is no such specialized institution in Serbia. Moreover, there are only a few unaccompanied minors in all of Serbia that are being adequately accommodated in the nation's pre-existing institutions. However, this care is not specialized for refugee children, as the camp in Nis, for example, also accommodates at-risk Serbian youth as well.

At the same time, we call on the state authorities to do everything they can in order to regulate the legal status of unaccompanied minors while they are in Serbia. Out of 227 unaccompanied minors who managed to express their intention to seek asylum in Serbia in the first four months of 2019, only 19 successfully entered the asylum procedure. Since the establishment of Serbia's asylum system in 2008, only two unaccompanied minors were granted asylum; the rest remain in a legal vacuum.

The largest number of unaccompanied minors is accommodated in collective migrant and asylum centers for adults, where minors do not have the adequate conditions for ensuring their safety. At these centers in which, children are in contact with adults, the minors are completely unprotected from the adults' influence. In addition, they are often left without continuous supervision and care of social workers, and are exposed to the risks of making contact with smugglers, criminals and those who can abuse their vulnerable position. In these centers, children do not have basic conditions for unhindered psychosocial development or necessary conditions for education, nor do they have the proper conditions for socializing with local children and integrating themselves in their local communities.

APC organized a video workshop in cooperation with Swedish collective “Noncitizen”

Prepared by: APC Photo: APC

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Belgrade, June 05 2019 – In cooperation with "Noncitizen" collective from Sweden, we are organizing five days of video workshops with refugees located in Belgrade, Bogovadja, Banja Koviljaca and Sid. During the workshop, refugees have the opportunity to learn how to record and install a short video and document their everyday life, but also to document violence, discrimination and abuses they encounter on daily basis.

The same video workshops our associate "Noncitizen" has been providing to refugees in Sweden for many years.

APC's internal and cultural mediators also took part in the workshops.

In its decade work, APC collaborated with a large number of domestic and foreign artists who were guests of our workshops and initiatives.

One more LGBT person granted asylum in Serbia

BELGRADE, May 9, 2019 – APC/CZA successfully secured asylum in the Republic of Serbia for a member of the LGBT community for the second time, this time fleeing persecution in Iran.

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During the asylum procedure that lasted for more than nine months, it was established that the asylum application was well-founded due to the excessive physical attacks, apprehensions, detention, and job discrimination that the individual experienced.

After numerous testimonies made by the asylum seeker, the officials in the Ministry of Internal Affairs that were responsible for the conduction of this asylum procedure completed the case by recognizing the legal asylum status of this individual.

Throughout this long and arduous process, APC/CZA team continually provided legal and psychosocial support to this Iranian, greatly aiding his successful application and making the transition to his new life in Serbia.

Pakistani victim of human trafficking granted asylum in Serbia

BELGRADE, May 29, 2019 – A citizen of Pakistan who was legally represented by APC has been granted asylum in Serbia.

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During the year-long asylum procedure, it was established that his request for asylum was well-founded, as it was established that he was a victim of human trafficking.

The Asylum Office officials found that he was held in a position similar to slavery, had been exploited for several years, and was exposed to a severe form of psychological and physical violence.

After considering these facts, it was established that the asylum seeker should be granted subsidiary protection. Subsidiary protection is a form of protection granted by the Republic of Serbia to a foreigner who, if returned to their country of origin, would be subjected to torture, inhumane or degrading treatment, or loss of general freedoms and liberties.

APC/CZA worked in conjunction with the Center for Human Trafficking Victims Protection. The center's goal is to identify and protect those who have experienced any form of trafficking. As a result, the center had an active role in the procurement of asylum for this individual.

Refugee stories open the hearts of youth in Bujanovac

Bujanovac, April 24, 2019 - As part of the integration activities, APC partners with a large number of schools and local organizations throughout the country. With thee schools and organizations, we organize joint classes, socializing socialize with young people, and raise issues of solidarity, and the responsibility of local communities in accepting refugees.

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APC and the cultural association "Dituria" from Bujanovac organized a meeting of young refugees and local volunteers on April 24 in a reception center in Bujanovac. Young people from Bujanovac had the opportunity to hear interesting stories and experiences from the refugees with whom APC has been working since their arrival in Serbia. 

The gathering was very emotional. At the beginning, volunteers listened to the shocking stories of Ahmed from Afghanistan and Parvez from Pakistan.

They talked about a warm home, but also their childhood and growing up in fear that someone would knock on the door in the middle of the night and forcibly kidnap their loved. Because of these realities, Ahmed and Parvez decided to leave their home countries in hope for better lives. All the horrors that accompanied them on the road from Asia did not discourage them; on the contrary, all of the barbarian and scarring acts of police squads from the borders of Turkey and Bulgaria fortified their conviction to press on. Ahed and Parvez are grateful to the citizens of Bujanovac, who may not be the most well off but understand human compassion and are willing to help those who are less fortunate.

The story of a young married couple from Iran, Hamid and Mali, will forever be remembered by those who attended the workshop in Dituria. At the beginning, Hamid and Mali talked about of their culture and customs. They were expecting a typical life. They wanted a family and to be able to provide for them; Mali even finished her degree in design.

However, Mali was not allowed to realize her dreams. She was forced to choose between a dream job and a dream husband whose religion wasn't tolerated in Iran. She chose love. As a result of this decision, she had to leave Iran.

As Mali spoke about the future she wished to create for herself and her family, tears appeared in the eyes of the "Dituria" volunteer.

When Maliha finished with her story, the room was quiet. Everyone was retelling her story over and over again in their heads. No one could picture the hardship and adversity that she had described. It is moments like these that make the jobs of APC/CZA employees worth it. We get to see what the journeys of people like Mali and Hamid are like. We get to humanize these migrants, and, most importantly, we get to help them in whatever way possible.

Refugees said that they are glad when they have the opportunity to tell someone not only their "story from the road", but also to introduce young people to the country they come from and the lives of people in it.

On the other hand, volunteers from Bujanovac emphasized the importance of such encounters with migrants. They say that that such encounters are opportunities to see what the lives of people on the roads are like. Moving forward, it is a common goal of APC/CZA and Dituria to organize a new path through which the refugee crisis can be highlighted from many different angles, and not just the stories with which we are most familiar.

If our goal is to create a more tolerant society and develop empathy towards refugees, the means through which we accomplish these goals must be working with the public and local organizations, facilitating dialogue between refugees and Serbian citizens, and work on developing a new Serbia that works for everyone that calls this place home.

Notice – APC collective vacation 26.04.2019 - 06.05.2019

Logo APCCZA

NOTICE

Asylum Protection Center (APC/CZA) will not work in the period 26.04.2019 - 06.05.2019, due to collective vacation. In case of urgency please contact us via following phone number: +381 63 7047080.

Young refugees should receive additional temporary support after the age of 18, recommends the Committee of Ministers

Source: Council of Europe Photo: Council of Europe

Strasbourg, 24 April 2019 – The Council of Europe member States should provide to young refugees additional temporary support after the age of 18 to enable them to access their rights, advocates the Committee of Ministers in the recommendation on supporting young refugees in transition to adulthood adopted today.

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This recommendation was adopted in the broader context of the Council of Europe Action Plan on Protecting Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe (2017-2019) and of its "Youth for Democracy" programme.

In this recommendation, the Committee of Ministers expressed its deep concern about the young refugees who are among the most vulnerable groups facing continuing risk of violation of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. This situation is particularly difficult for those who are not accompanied or have been separated from their families, and for young refugee women.

Reaching the age of majority, 18 years, young refugees are no longer under the protection of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and therefore no longer have access to the rights and opportunities they enjoyed as children. As young adults, they are likely to face an abrupt change in their ability to access essential services and support across many sectors – education, accommodation, employment and healthcare, including psychological support.

Without this support they risk going into hiding, thus putting their safety at risk, exposing themselves to violence, exploitation and/or trafficking of human beings.

Therefore, the Committee of Ministers recommends that the governments of the member States ensure that young refugees receive additional temporary support after the age of 18 to enable them to access their rights and that the governments take due consideration of the specific needs and situations of young women and young men. The Committee of Ministers also acknowledges the important role played by youth work and non-formal education/learning in supporting the inclusion of young refugees, and in developing competences of active citizenship and democratic participation.

Read full Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers here: https://bit.ly/2ZFCuwq

 

Projection of movie "Violent Borders" in High school "Skenderbegu" in Presevo

Skender beu school za sajt

Volunteers from APC Southern office wanted their classmates and friends hear about the problems of migrants, violence at the borders and lack of protection for these people Within the APC Southern office, we are organising asylum and refugee info sessions and intercultural workshops in local high schools in Presevo and Bujanovac on regular basis. The students had opportunity to hear about the refugees, their plight and stories, understand their region in the context of migration, learn about the rights and system of protection and integration for asylum seekers and refugees. They are also taking part in APC asylum letters exchange.

#asylumprotectioncenter #presevo #south #understanding #inclusion #communitywork #youthwork #civiceducation

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/BvlctCHjtYg/?utm_source=ig_embed

APC kombinovani tim pravnika i psihosocijalnih službenika prati slučajeve ilegalnog guranja izbeglica

MAR 1

APC kombinovani tim pravnika i psihosocijalnih službenika prati slučajeve ilegalnog guranja izbeglica, duž granice sa Hrvatskom i Mađarskom, nazad u Srbiju. Samo u poslednjih nekoliko nedelja, Mađarska policija je kontinuirano gurala izbeglice u Srbiju, najmanje 50 ljudi dnevno, čak i kada izbeglice nisu u Mađarsku ušle iz Srbije već iz neke druge zemlje. Npr. B.M. iz Avganistana, ušao je u Mađarsku iz Hrvatske, a bio je uhvaćen od strane mađarskih graničara i nasilno gurnut ilegalno u Srbiju u reonu Kelebije.

An increasing number of migrants are trying to cross the Croatian border - among them a large number of underage boys

Over the past week, the mobile team of Asylum Protection Center (APC / CZA) is facing an increasing number of migrants in the north trying to cross the Croatian border. Currently, in the area around the Croatian border, at least 300 people live in the open, mostly of Pakistan and Afghan descent, of which at least a third are unaccompanied minors, boys aged 12 to 17 years. Some of them state that they entered our country 20 days ago, while most state that they have been in Serbia only 7 days. These boys are in a very difficult situation, some of them have already tried to cross illegally, and in addition to exposing themselves to physical violence and torture from Croatian police officers, they have lost their phones and the possibility of contacting their families.

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According to the latest information from the field, at least 100 people are trying to enter the territory of Croatia, most often trying to cross the sidewalk, walking along the railroad or forest in the vicinity of Sid, but more and more boats are trying to reach the coasts in the Croatian territory, exposing themselves to a high risk of overturning because in one boat sometimes there are as many as 20 people.

APC / CZA regularly informs persons, particularly unaccompanied minors, with the ways in which they can exercise their right to legal residence and accommodation in camps. Only in the last two days our team met and provided counseling and information services for 50 unaccompanied minors who are outdoors in the municipalities of Sid and Sombor.

Otherwise, there are 1200 refugees in camps on the northern border, of which up to 800 people are in camps Adaševci and Principovac, where according to field reports, all capacities for accommodation are currently filled. Along the border with Croatia, at least 300 people currently reside in open locations, mostly from Afghanistan and Pakistan.

 

Underage migrants in the open without access to water and food

During regular visits to open locations in Šid, Asylum Protection Center discusses, advises and informs unaccompanied minors on a daily basis, often exhausted from being outside and being exposed to violence by Croatian border police.

Over the past two weeks, we met at least 35 boys from Afghanistan, aged 14 to 17 years. These boys, very exhausted, in muddy clothes and shoes, some of them and barefoot, explained that they have been in Serbia for a month and almost every day try to cross the border with Croatia, usually walking around for 10 hours, in order to get to countries of the European Union.

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They are currently living and sleeping in an abandoned factory building, and are very worried because, in addition to lack of financial resources, they do not have access to drinking water and food, while sleeping in the open, some of them without blankets or sleeping bags. As they state, the last time they had access to water and food was 10 days ago, which were delivered by groups of international volunteers, while in the meantime they manage in any way they know how, and their approach depends on the good will and kind welcoming attitudes of local citizens. Ekman, 17, from Afghanistan, says that sometimes welcoming locals from the nearby facility give them water to drink, but they have been limited to three bottles a day, which, as he says, is not enough, since at least 50 to 100 are currently in the location, so they in turn have to drink water in smaller and insufficient quantities, in order to have enough to survive.

Our team informed the competent Center for Social Work about these unaccompanied minors, but the application to the competent institution remains unresponsive.

Djurovic: Migration can not be solved by unilateral acts

Source: RTS

Executive Director of Asylum Protection Center, Rados Djurovic told RTS that there is no global solution to the problem of migration. "Our position is like a buffer zone," Djurovic pointed out.

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Today, migration is one of the biggest global problems for which neither an international organization, nor world leaders can find an appropriate solution.

Guest-speaking on RTS Dnevnik, Rados Djurovic says yet another country does not wish to participate in a global agreement on resolving migration issues - Austria.

He recalled that the agreement came to an end in 2015 and with the efforts of New York, that is, the New York Protocol, and that almost all countries were willing to somewhat deal with the problem.

According to him, the problem is of a global nature and requires the understanding of most UN member states.

"We do not have a global solution: the first country that stepped away from such an agreement was the United States, Hungary and now, Austria. There is definitely one trend facing this problem at a global level, which is dangerous, bearing in mind that migration can not be solved by unilateral acts, nor the initiatives of individual countries, "Djurovic says.

Speaking of possible consequences for Serbia, Djurovic says the consequences of the agreement are not direct.

"We are talking about an agreement that is supposed to be signed in Marrakesh at the end of the year," Djurovic says. It would establish rules and principles on how to manage migration around the world, what to ensure of basic human rights, and how to deal with issues affecting migration and refuge.

According to him, the absence of participation in such an agreement is a political message that some countries do not want to participate and do not see migration as a global problem. He points out that the Serbian public does not talk about the issue as a global problem.

If Bosnia closes its borders, Djurovic says that it would be another situation where things come to the regional level.

Djurovic said that now a large number of migrants are trying to enter Croatia from Serbia and that, if BiH closes its borders, migrants will remain in Serbia in large numbers.

For now, a large number of migrants coming to Serbia are trying to enter Croatia, so the main route is still towards Europe through Croatia from Serbia, and there we have constant border returns, says the director of Asylum Protection Center.

"Our position is like a buffer zone, but figures and people are as such that now the situation is not critical, but we have to think," Djurovic said.

"Five thousand migrants are on a daily basis in the country, this is not a large number in terms of capacities, and it can be regulated, but far-reaching migration has to be settled, Serbia is not a member of the EU, it is on the outer borders of the Union," Djurovic explains.

"In the south, there is no intensive cooperation with non-EU countries, so there is room fora settlement of agreements with the EU, who is a major factor or actor when it comes to migration," concluded Djurovic.

In referring to the US President Donald Trump comments on abolishing the citizenship rights of US-born migrants, Djurovic says it will provoke "populist effects," but also jeopardize the foundations of the US state and society in which migrants have been a driving force throughout history.

"These people do not go to the United States for economic reasons alone, they are increasingly leaving political persecution or violence in the countries of Latin America," Djurovic said.

 

Oglas za Pravnika

Logo APCCZA

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila objavljuje oglas za posao na poziciji pravnik. Pozivaju se pravnici aktivisti da nam se jave na adresu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ukoliko žele da se priključe nasem pravnom timu na poslovima zastupanja tražilaca azila i izbeglica u Republici Srbiji. Konkurs je otvoren do 25.03.2019. godine.

Opis poslova:

1. zastupanje u postupku azila i drugim sudskim i upravnim postupcima

2. pružanje pravnih saveta i informisanje tražilaca azila o pravima i obavezama, u kancelariji i van kancelarije

3. monitoring sistema azila i postupanja svih aktera u praksi, na granicama i na teritoriji Srbije

4. prateći administrativni poslovi i drugi poslovi po nalogu rukovodioca

*Napomena - poslovi se obavljaju pretežno u Beogradu, a po potrebi u centrima za smeštaj tražilaca azila i drugim lokacijama širom Srbije

Uslovi konkursa:

1. završen pravni fakultet

2. radno iskustvo u struci, minimum 3 godine, nakon završenog fakulteta

3. odlično znanje engleskog jezika

4. aktivni vozač, B kategorija

*Napomena - položen pravosudni ispit je poželjan kao i prethodni društveni agažman i aktivizam

Dokumentacija koju je potrebno dostaviti, sa naznakom "za konkurs":

1. CV

2. motivaciono pismo

 Očekujemo Vas!

A man from Afghanistan becomes the first refugee entrepreneur in Serbia

Source: Beta

A 46-year-old Afghan, who has been in Serbia for nearly three years, became the first refugee entrepreneur, Asylum Protection Center (APC) announced today.

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The man from Afghanistan, who speaks seven languages, received asylum in Serbia in an asylum procedure represented by the lawyers of APC, with whom he also obtained the right to establish an entrepreneurial activity for the provision of translation services.

"He is in Serbia for almost three years now, throughout that time, APC provided legal assistance and support from the realization of his first personal ID card, the right to work, obtaining asylum and then, personal work permits for self-employment, startin a business, and registerin an entrepreneurial shope in the Agency for Business Registers of the Republic of Serbia," the statement said. 

APC added that he left Afghanistan very young, only to return several times in an attempt to stay, but because of problems related to revenge, plunder of property and persecution from the Taliban, who put his life at risk, he decided to indefinitely find a home elsewhere, somewhere safe...he chose Serbia. 

"He lives as a tenant, he gets along well with his landlord, establishes friendships, has mastered the basics of the Serbian language, and people are very much appreciative of him. He has a family, a wife and five children in Afghanistan, and he hopes to bring them to Serbia, because now, by means of his self-employment, the concept of integration gets a sustainable dimension, because refugees are not at the cost of society and the state, but are able to bear their own costs, pay taxes and contribute to the state and become full citizens of our society, "said the organization .

In Afghanistan he has a family, a wife and five children and imagines he will be able to bring them to Serbia, because now after he has received asylum, he has the right to family reunification.

Asylum Protection Center a local Serbian non-profit and professional organization that provides legal, psychosocial and integration assistance to asylum seekers and refugees in Serbia since the emergence of asylum procedures in Serbia.

Asylum granted to unaccompanied minor in Serbia for the first time

At the end of 2018, an unaccompanied minor girl from an African country received asylum in Serbia – this was the first instance of asylum being granted to an unaccompanied minor in our country.

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We are talking about a young girl who found herself in Serbia more than half a year ago, who was a victim of human trafficking and who APC represented through the entire process of seeking asylum.

She was deceived, with the promise that she will have the opportunity to finish schooling, was taken from her homeland to one of our neighbouring countries she was violently involved in a prostitution ring.

Although she managed to seek protection, she was illegally pushed into Serbia, where she had never entered or stayed before.

Responsible institutions in Serbia reacted quickly in this case.

It's been a little over than half a year before she was granted asylum.

During the asylum procedure, it was confirmed that she was a victim of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation.

As a basis for granting asylum, the decision stated that all conditions prescribed by the Protocol for the Prevention, Suppression and Punishment of Human Trafficking, especially women and children, from 2000, were met.

APC said that last year, nearly 700 unaccompanied minors expressed intent to seek asylum, out of a total of 8,433 people, which is more than eight percent of all asylum seekers.

"Currently in Serbia we have more than 200 unaccompanied parents in Sjenica only, while in Krnjaca and across other centers there are over 400 children in total," said APC.

The organization estimated that it is necessary to continue with this practice and to quickly implement asylum procedures for children without parents in order to either get protection in Serbia or be connected with parents, if they are safe.

"Unaccompanied minors should be accommodated in special institutions for the work and accommodation of children without parents, not in adult reception center which is very much the case in Serbia. Imagine that your own child is in a camp in a distant country with adults who are completely unknown, from other countries, other customs and languages. The possibilities for a child to be in an endangered situation and abused are huge," APC added.

At this moment, many of the older unaccompanied youth are outdoors and are not accommodated, and the capacities for accommodating unaccompanied minors are not sufficient for the needs that exist," the center said.

 

Commissioner for the Protection of Equality: VIP mobile discriminated against Refugee

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The Commissioner for the Protection of Equality, following a complaint made by Asylum Protection Center, issued an opinion and recommendation that VIP mobile, a mobile operator, violated the Law on the Prohibition of Discrimination against a refugee who had been granted protection.

Namely, VIP mobile refused to terminate a postpaid subscriber contract for the provision of telecommunication services with a refugee from Iraq. In the process before the Commissioner for the Protection of Equality, in which a refugee from the Republic of Iraq was represented by Asylum Protection Center, it was found that the only reason for refusing to provide services to the refugee was the fact that the person was one with the status of "asylum seeker", in the Republic of Serbia, and they were placed in a more unfavorable position than other permanent residents, without entering into the assessment of whether they met the conditions for concluding a subscription agreement.

The Commissioner expressed the view that, by refusing to provide a refugee service based on the status of the person granted asylum, VIP mobile violated the provisions of the Law on the Prohibition of Discrimination provided for by the Principle of Equal Rights and Obligations and the Prohibition of Discrimination in the Provision of Public Services.

The Commissioner further recommended VIP mobile to receive and consider the request for the provision of telecommunication services, under the same conditions, on the basis of an identification document of the refugee, that is, identity cards for persons granted asylum, that is, allow him to carry out an individual assessment as a potential company client in accordance with the company's regulations and acts.

 

Refugees remain for several years or even permanent, integration is a new step for Serbia

Our country is still a place where migrants stay longer, due to their non-acceptance in most neighboring countries, Croatia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Romania. Without a legally regulated position, they remain in the Balkans for several years, although they are usually seen as a temporary destination. How many of them are there and what must we do this year to solve the status of migrants, are just some of the questions that Rados Djurovic, director of Asylum Protection Center provides answers to.

Last year, at least 27,000 migrants entered the country, the largest number went further, but there are a number of people who are constantly within Serbia, Rados Djurovic, director of Asylum Protection Center said. This number ranges between 5,000 and 6,000 in total. Not all are located within centers, some are located outside these accommodation centers, whether they are alone in urban areas, or along the borders where they are trying to cross and leave Serbia. In Serbia, there are 16 Reception Centers for migrants and for temporary stay of 24 hours, and the question is whether all of these capacities have been filled. The question further remains whether we have enough capacity because in places where there are a lot of people, all capacities are almost filled. However, in places in the south of Serbia, these capacities are still open and accessible, but the problem is that most people are around Belgrade or in the north, and then it becomes difficult for all capacities to be filled up at all times, that is, that are used most efficiently. Of course, it is always desirable to have a certain number of capacity in reserve. The weather is also bad, we are witnessing that it is very difficult and in this sense, the capacities that would positively remain for their stay in warm conditions, even in larger numbers as a reserve, should exist. We wonder, and what about those who are outside in this minus and snow and ice. It’s hard to imagine what it look like at this time to be outside, sleeping outside…Nobody wants to be outside, everyone would want to be accommodated, however, as people are close to the borders, some are being pushed back illegally from other countries to Serbia. They are partially unsettled, there is no place in the places where they are located to accommodate. These are places in Vojvodina above all, and these people try to make it through every day by walking, trying to get out of the bad weather to get warm. It is very difficult for them, there are also many minors, from different categories of vulnerable migrants from different countries. According to the estimates of our Center, some 300 people are in Vojvodina only outside the accommodation.

When asked about what countries migrants are entering from and by what means, Djurovic said that people are coming from Bulgaria and from Macedonia, and new trends show some of them are coming from Kosovo. They enter with the help of smugglers most often, but they also try to cross the borders themselves. Under these conditions, it is simply impossible to stop the movement of people and once they enter the country, they gravitates towards urban centers where many people are dealing with things on their own. Citizens have surely seen people on the street, very often from countries of Asia and Africa, and many are trying to get into private accommodation to find refuge and shelter from the bad weather. The question is why lately, they are more often seeking to stay within the country? The answer is that Serbia slowly, but inexplicably becomes a kind of buffer zone, a lobby for the European Union, due to circumstances that Serbia can hardly control. In the south, people come from Turkey, enter Greece and go further through Macedonia or directly from Bulgaria to Serbia and this process is unstoppable. On the other hand, this practice of illegally pushing people into Serbia is alarming. The APC/CZA team in the field sees signs where people, families, children, even unaccompanied minors are being pushed back to Serbia. They are not allowed to seek asylum in neighboring countries, but they are pushed back to our country across the border overnight, and this is a constant process. We have one group of people trying, coming back, and it lasts, many hope to succeed, and then it happens that even from Slovenia they are being returned back to Serbia, so in that sense it cannot be seen that there will be a change. We will constantly have a certain number of people throughout the country.

Illegal stay of migrants in the country can bring various problems. It is very difficult to regulate this position, because when people are somewhere illegally, they are first and foremost threatened. Imagine that you do not have any documents, if someone tries to steal something from you or expel you, to beat you or abuse you, you will be afraid to report it to the police because you do not have the opportunity to get any kind of protection and this is a big risk for these people, but also for local citizens in surrounding areas. It somehow involves crime and it gives space to those who have done wrong against the law to use and abuse the people and the system. There are a certain number of people in the system, but not all of them, and these people are entering the system through seeking asylum or through other procedures that exist. From a legal point of view, but also through what’s necessary, people in an illegal position must not exist in the country. It’s like shooting yourself and society in the leg and we have to do everything to make people visible to available institutions.

In order to make them more visible in Serbia, it must speed up the procedures for resolving the status of asylum, as well as all other migration related procedures. This can recognize them faster, to put a particular emphasis on this, above all, the Commissariat for Refugees, to make these people visible, but to also make decision making as effective as possible; as it is in our best interest to know whether these people are staying here forever or temporarily, or if they have no grounds to stay in Serbia and to then take additional measures within the system. The indefinable position of these people does not go hand in hand. This year, integration seems to be a new step, but it is also a bit of a taboo topic for the public that is not widely and openly discussed. But if people are staying over a period of year, they are in fact living here. If they are illegal, they must be made visible to the system in some way, if they are legal however, then we must support them in integrating to the local environment in a way that they are accepted by domestic citizens, and that there is interaction between our citizens and them; that those who receive asylum are entitled and by law to stay in the country and are welcomed to see Serbia as their new country that they have faith in.

The question thus becomes, why is integration so difficult in Serbia? It is difficult because Serbia has no previous intercontinental migration experience. It’s not like England or Germany, who have already been faced with similar problems, unlike Serbia. The best example is Austria, which has long developed its integration process and practices. In such countries, integration is primarily in the hands of local communities and local governments that are strengthened, so the city authorities of many cities do their best to involve people, and the system is very much so developed. In Serbia, the capacities of knowledge are very reduced and modest, and it remains to be crystallized and taught through practice. However, good will and an exchange of experiences are needed here. We recently had a colleague from the City of Vienna who is known for working mostly on integration. The exchange of experiences was valuable and we can skip the years that they used to learn from the experiences they had for our own needs.

Questions remain around how and what do we do with those who decide to stay in Serbia? When people receive asylum and they decided to stay, it is very difficult for them. After obtaining a decision on their asylum case (which is not obtained quickly, last year about 20 people received a decisions, and by December 1st around 7800 expressed intent, which does not mean that others do not deserve it, but that their decision was not made on time) those who receive it face a series of questions: how to get involved within society, how to get hired for work, how to get along with others…With this, the APC/CZA team and others of the local team assist them, but a much more organized system of support is needed to make these people independent, and fully integrated,  and not more dependent on the system. These are people of the most diverse profiles, students, young people, families…Citizens should keep in mind that these are not males who are dangerous, violate regulations or criminals, but that they are people like all of us.  Those who earned and deserve asylum are citizens who definitely need support. It is important to keep in mind, and this is not often talked about, that the people who receive asylum and remain view Serbia as their refuge. They do not have a bad feeling about the country, they see the people as good, they see that the mentality is very similar to their own, so it is a great opportunity for us to show ourselves who we are, and on the other hand, it is an opportunity to bring some news, and a new life into the local environment, but also in some ways to enrich ourselves. Amongst them there are many children, which is important because children are always missing from our local schools. They most often, fit in the best and integrate the easiest.

There are thousands of stories and they are all very specific and memorable. One such case is one man who received asylum in Serbia, who escaped persecution in Afghanistan and worked as an interpreter, speaking and learning several languages and is very knowledgeable. He is thinking of buying his own property as he dreams of raising livestock, which is very interesting. He says that he wants peace, to devote himself to nature, and to cultivate goats or other animals, and of course wants to bring his family which includes several young children, and this, is the next step in integration. He has undergone various challenges, great insecurity, and fear of what will happen, whether or not he will receive asylum. In this process, our psychologists and lawyers assisted him, and he also has friends who do care for him. He currently lives in Belgrade, but plans to move to Smederevo. He is an example of a man who has accepted our country as his own, and wants to contribute to society in every way.

 

The Rise of Anti-Refugee Rhetoric in the Western Balkans and Central Europe

Source: BETA Edited: APC Photo: APC

In almost all countries of the Western Balkans and Central Europe there is noticeable intensified anti-refugee rhetoric, and the actions of political groups against the acceptance of refugees enables negative effects in local communities and the manipulation of the population and the promotes occurrences of xenophobia, as was concluded and the international conference "Integration Days" held in Belgrade.

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The International Conference on the Challenges in the Integration of Refugees in the Balkans and the European Union was held in Belgrade during the past three days, and was organized by Asylum Protection Center, and with the coordination of experts from organizations and local governments of Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria, Italy, Austria, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary.

Participants exchanged experiences on refugee integration processes, current and future challenges and processes within this system, and jointly assessed that this process is adversely affected by the general absence of verified and objective information on the reasons of migration and refuge, their needs, the consequences and sensitivity of these vulnerable persons.

The Conference also discussed the challenges of integrating refugees into the local environment, the importance and influence of the media on the attitudes and consciousness of the citizens on in integration and refugees, the role of social networks in processes of informing the local population for the purpose of acquaintance and rapprochement with the migrant population, as well as the steps to be undertaken to strengthen the interaction and integration of refugees.

Read more: The Rise of Anti-Refugee Rhetoric in the Western Balkans and Central Europe

Panel: Serbia, in addition to being a transit country, is also becoming a destination country for migrants

Source: BETA Edited: APC Photo: APC

Serbia is a country that is becoming a destination country for migrants, primarily thanks to its position on the EU's external border and the fact that it is increasingly difficult to pass the Balkan route, towards the countries of Western Europe, as was evaluated at today's panel "Refugee Integration, Experiences and Challenges in Serbia and the EU", held at EU Info Center.

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Radoš Djurović, of Asylum Protection Center, said at that Integration of Refugees Conference, "that many asylum seekers in Europe are turned away and pushed back to Serbia" and that there are still very few in the country who have legal status.

He added that very often, even their stay in the country "does not mean certainty", although these persons may "actually live [in the country] for years".

"On the question of successful integration, it is crucially influenced by the media, and their coverage, while the will (or lack there of) of political actors can greatly complicate integration processes and integration planning, as is the case with many countries in Europe," Djurović noted.

Djurović states that ignorance and a lack of information creates a particular problem when it comes to establishing communication and local integration of refugees.

In his opinion, refugees should be familiar with the culture, language, history and laws of the communities they are entering, but furthermore, citizens of local communities should familiarize themselves with the reasons surrounding the arrival of refugees, their customs and refugee fears.

"Integration is a two-way process, and with understanding and cultural similarities, can be made easier, and this is something we should already be thinking about. First and foremost, it is important to think about the relevant agencies and institutions concerned, and to make adequate plans and strategies when it comes to managing migration," said Djurović

Goran Novaković from the Integration Sector of the City of Vienna discussed how Vienna as a city "is very seriously concerned" with the problems migrants experience, and is aware of the challenges in creating tolerance within the local environment.

"It's no longer a matter of choice, it's better to start planning, because the circumstances with migration change rapidly, and in no time, migration can sneak up and find you, when serious problems can no longer be solved or prevented, " Novaković said.

According to his statements, centralization in migration and integration is neither realistic nor a sustainable solution.

Milenko Nikić from the Serbian Ministry of Labor, said at the panel that the Serbian institutions is making great efforts to protect all those who reside in Serbia, particularly in the case of unaccompanied minors, who are increasingly entering the country, and are "needed [to be] under the watchful eyes of professionals from the system of social protection."

"Most refugees do not see Serbia as a destination country and see every opportunity to leave the country, but there are also successful examples of integration in local communities, when it is made possible, thanks to first and foremost the openness and humane approaches of our citizens." Nikić said.

 

Research and policy brief on the health protection of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Serbia

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Author: APC/CZA Photo: APC/CZA

Asylum Protection Center alongside the Center for Public Policy through joint efforts during the past year, have prepared research and a policy brief on the state of health protection of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Serbia, based on the extensive experiences Asylum Protection Center providing assistance to asylum seekers on the field and through conducting a series of interviews and focus groups with relevant actors at the central level and the local level. We paid special attention to the challenges and problems that exist in this area, as well as existing perspectives, bad and good practices in the field of adult health care and refugee children, in local communities, in and out of camps and asylum centers.

In the health care policy brief, we came up with recommendations that institutions and authorities should consider in order to improve this important area of protection for refugees, which is inextricably linked to the system of health protection of the local population, and above all with the general conditions of accepting refugees and the functioning and management of the asylum and migration system in Serbia.

Download the policy document here (SRB) :  Health protection of migrants, asylum seekers and persons who received asylum in Serbia

 

Iranian Asylum Seekers Wish to Integrate As Soon As Possible

Arranged by: APC Photo: APC

Amongst the refugees and migrants we've met with in recent months at reception and asylum centers, a significant number of families and young people from Iran are present.

Most of them have decided to stay in Serbia.

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At the Banja Koviljaca Asylum Center, where within our LOVE project, we organize integration workshops, we met with a large family from Iran. A mother, her two sons, five daughters and two grandchildren arrived in Serbia a few days ago from Ahvaz.


They belong to and fall under the Arab national minority and as a result of political issues have had to leave their homeland.


Upon their arrival in Serbia, they took some time to realize that their intended goal of reaching Western Europe would be difficult to achieve - that smugglers seek large sums of money that they do not have, and that they are at higher risks if they try to go on their own across multiple borders where they will not be welcomed with open arms ... but rather the contrary. With this in mind, they decided to stay in Serbia. They sent in their application for Asylum and waiting for their ID cards.


They are eagerly hoping to get used to and adapt to their new surroundings.

After getting introduced and getting to know each other, they look at the offered illustrations to carefully choose which one is best represents them. All chose joyful pictures, symbols of freedom - a bird leaving a cage, a white dove, door opening up to light. They support each other, and confirming everything that each person discusses, with a mixture of joy and sadness in their eyes.

They discuss their lives in Iran - about studying, how they worked...

Read more: Iranian Asylum Seekers Wish to Integrate As Soon As Possible

Response of APC to TV Prva's Broadcast from 05.11.

 Prva

PRVA SRPSKA TELEVIZIJA


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Press Release on Migrants and Refugees in Journal Prva from 05.11.2018


Dear Sir or Madame,
In the broadcast on migrants and refugees published in the Journal of your television, from 05.11.2018, and furthermore on the B92 website titled "Are the Laws of Serbia Applicable to Migrants?", as a fact you stated that 2000 migrants and refugees who are in Serbia, outside of Asylum Centers and who are mostly without documents are mainly responsible for acts committed - those being "most commonly robberies, beatings and rapes"


The accusation that 2000 refugees and migrants are robbing, beating and raping in Serbia is inaccurate, unfounded and not based on a single argument, unacceptable and disturbing to our public.


It is unacceptable that my statement, as the Director of a Center providing Legal Assistance to asylum seekers - that migrants and refugees in Serbia are equal to our citizens before the law in Serbia, were put into the context of this claim and were furthermore broadcast across a multimillion-dollar auditorium in Serbia.
This gives an incorrect portrayal of not only the largest number of migrants and refugees, the unlucky group of people who do not in the slightest deserve such a qualification, but also of me as the director of an organization that consistently defends their rights.


I ask of you - to provide the case of rape committed by migrants since 2015 that is being brought into question? Indicate who, when and where migrants and asylum seekers were beating and robbing?
Do a few incidents', that are primarily amongst their own groups, of fighting, thefts of money and food from households near the Hungarian and Croatian border, or entering vacant cottages ... categorize an entire refugee population of which a large number of minors and children is consisting of, as a robbing, and violent group?


By law, journalists and editors are obliged with due diligence, prior to the publication of information containing data about a particular incident to verify its origin, accuracy and completeness, as well as using the found information, ideas and opinions to be conveyed completely and authentically.


I would like to also draw attention to the citizens of Serbia to whom you sent this message, who show a great deal of understanding to the suffering of these people, they continuously show compassion and humility. They do not view this group of people in the same light that your television, through your address, have unfortunately, attempted to present them in.


In accordance with the law, I am politely seeking you to post my response in the show where the controversial issues were broadcast, as well as on the website where the text "Are the Laws of Serbia applicable to migrants?" is posted.

In Belgrade, 06.11.2018


Radoš Đurović
Executive Director
Asylum Protection Center

Refugees at Exhibition About First World War

On October 31st a visit to the Jadar Museum was organized within the framework of LOVE integration support, with a group of refugees who are housed at the asylum center in Banja Koviljaca.

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After numerous questions about the history of Serbia, civil war, and security in the Balkans, APC arranged with the Museum a visit and viewing of permanent exhibitions and the thematic exhibition on the occasion of the centenary since the end of the First World War.

Hungry for information and with plenty of eagerness and interest, refugees followed all of the explanations and information given by curator Marija Šelić-Marković and explored the exhibited works. This helped the refugees to better understand the local reactions to refugees staying in Loznica and Banja Koviljaca, but also it enabled their understanding of how many colliding world interests, battles, struggles, uprisings, and human losses affected this area.

They also had the opportunity to see the Monument to a Boy - a participant in the battles on the Thessaloniki front, which will be set up in Loznica for the next few days.
The very beginnings of the First and Second World War happened within this region.
Through Marija  Šelić-Marković's emotional stories, the refugees were taught about the customs, the way of life, and of traditional family life in this region.

Đurović: Migracija ne može da se reši jednostranim aktima

Izvor: RTS 

Direktor Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila Radoš Đurović rekao je za RTS da ne postoji globalno rešenje problema migracija. Naša pozicija je nalik tampon zoni, istakao je Đurović.

Migracije su danas jedan od najvećih globalnih problema, za koji ni međunarodne organizacije, ni svetski lideri nikako ne mogu da nađu rešenje.

Gostujući u Dnevniku RTS-a, Radoš Đurović kaže da još jedna zemlja ne želi da učestvuje u globalnom dogovoru o rešavanju problema migracija, a to je Austrija.

Podseča da je dogovor potekao od 2015. godine i sa naporima Njujorka, odnosno njujorški protokolom i skoro sve zemlje su bile voljne da problem donekle urede.

Prema njegovim rečima, problem je globalnog karaktera i zahteva razumevanje većine zemalja članica UN.

"Nemamo globalno rešenje. Prva zemlja koja je istupila iz ovakvog sporazuma i dogovora je SAD, potom Mađarska i sada Austrija. Definitivno jedan trend otpora suočačanja sa ovim problemom na globalnom nivou postoji, što je opasno, imajući u vidu da migracija ne može da se reši jednostranim aktima, niti inicijativama pojedinih zemalja", kaže Đurović.

Govoreći o eventualnim posledicama na Srbiju, Đurović kaže da posledice po pitanju sporazuma nisu direktne.

U pitanju je jedan sporazum koji bi trebalo na kraju godine u Marakešu da se potpiše, kaže Đurović. Ustanovio bi pravila i principe kako upravljati migracijom širom sveta, šta obezbediti od osnovnih ljudskih prava, kako rešavati pitanja koja pogađaju migracije i izbeglištvo.

Prema njegovim rečima, odsustvo učešća u ovakvom sporazumu je politička poruka da neke zemlje ne žele da učestvuju u tome i ne vide migraciju kao globalan problem. Ističe da se u srpskoj javnosti se o globalnom problemu nije mnogo govorilo.

Ako Bosna zatvori granice, Đurović kaže da je to sada druga situacija, gde stvari dolaze na regionalni nivo.

Đurović je rekao da sada veliki broj migranata pokušava da iz Srbije uđe u Hrvatsku i da bi se, ako BiH zatvori svoje granice, migranti u većem broju zadržavali u Srbiji.

Za sada veći broj ljudi migranata koji dolazi u Srbiju pokušava da uđe u Hrvatsku, tako da je glavna ruta iz Srbije prema Hrvatskoj i dalje za Evropu i tu imamo stalna vraćanja ljudi, kaže direktor Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila.

"Naša pozicija je nalik tampon zoni, međutim brojke i ljudi su takve da sada situacija nije kritična ali moramo da razmišljamo", istakao je Đurović.

Pet hiljada migranata je svakodnevno u zemlji, to nije veliki broj s obzirom na kapacitete i to može da se reguliše, ali dalekosežno migracija mora da se uredi, Srbija nije članica EU, ona se nalazi na spoljnim granicama Unije, objašnjava Đurović.

"Na jugu nema intenzivnu saradnju sa zemljama koje nisu članice EU, tako da postoji prostor koji mora da se uredi dogovorima sa EU, koja je glavni činilac ili akter kada govorimo o migraciji", zaključio je Đurović.

Za nameru američkog predsednika Amerike Donalda Trampa da ukine pravo na državljanstvo bebama migranata rođenim u SAD, Đurović kaže da će izazvati "populističke efekte", ali i ugroziti temelje američke države i društva u kojem su migranti kroz istoriju bili pokretačka snaga.

"Ti ljudi ne odlaze u SAD samo iz ekonomskih razloga, sve više odlaze zbog političkog progona ili nasilja u zemljama Latinske Amrike", rekao je Đurović.

 

 

Maloletni migranti na otvorenom bez pristupa vodi i hrani

Prilikom redovnih obilazaka otvorenih lokacija u Šidu, Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila svakodnevno razgovara, savetuje i informiše maloletna lica bez pratnje koja se nalaze na otvorenom, često iscrpljeni od boravka napolju i izloženosti nasilju od strane graničnih hrvatskih policajaca.

Tokom prethodne dve nedelje susreli smo najmanje 35 dečaka iz Avganistana, uzrasta od 14 do 17 godina. Ovi dečaci, veoma iscrpljeni, u blatnjavoj odeći i obući, neki od njih i bosi, objasnili su nam da se u Srbiji nalaze mesec dana i da skoro svakodnevno pokušavaju da pređu granicu sa Hrvatskom, najčešće hodajući i po 10 sati, kako bi se domogli neke od zemalja Evropske unije.

Sid 20181011 02 small crop

Trenutno borave i spavaju u napuštenoj zgradi nekadašnje fabrike, i veoma su zabrinuti jer pored nedostatka finansijskih sredstava, nemaju pristup pijaćoj vodi i hrani, spavaju na otvorenom, neki od njih bez ćebeta ili vreća za spavanje. Kako navode, poslednji put su imali pristup vodi i hrani pre 10 dana, koju su im do tad dostavljali grupe međunarodnih volontera, a da se u međuvremenu snalaze kako znaju i umeju, te njihov pristup vodi zavisi od dobre volje lokalnih građana i ugostitelja. Ekman (17) iz Avganistana opisuje da im ponekad ugostitelji iz obližnjeg objekta daju da sipaju vodu, ali su ih ograničili na tri flaše dnevno, što, kako on navodi nije dovoljno, jer ih trenutno na toj lokaciji boravi najmanje 50 do 100, tako da moraju da piju vodu u manjim i nedovoljnim količinama, kako bi imali dovoljno za preživljavanje.

Naš tim je obavestio nadležni Centar za socijalni rad o ovim maloletnim licima bez pratnje, ali je prijava nadležnoj instituciji ostala bez reakcije.

Iz Hrvatske u Srbiju policija prebacila 100 opljačkanih i bosih migranata

Migranti koji pokušavaju iz Srbije da uđu u Hrvatsku izloženi su maltretriranju i nasilju hrvatskih policajaca. Naš tim koji redovno obilazi kampove na našoj severnoj granici i susreće ljude koji borave na otvorenom čekajući priliku da uđu u susednu zemlju ili su se tu našli, jer ih je u Srbiju prebacila hrvatska policija, mada u Hrvatsku nisu ušli iz naše zemlje.

IMG 20180911 121259 small

Tako smo ovih dana u Principovcu susreli grupu mladića iz Pakistana koje su hrvatski policajci prebacili na teritoriju Srbije bose.

Sada su u kampu u Principovcu, a Asjad i njegovi prijatelji iz Pakistana navode da su prethodno proveli 3 meseca u kampu u Bihaću, u Bosni i Hercegovini. Nakon tri meseca boravka u BiH odlučili su da njih 100 u više manjih grupa pređu u Hrvatsku.

Kako su nam ispričali, nakon prelaska uhvatila ih je hrvatska policija i odmah svima oduzela mobilne telefone, kao i punjače za telefone.

Hrvatski policajci su tvrde oni, pri tom procenjivali vrednost telefona, starije su bacali, a nove uzimali za sebe i stavljali u džepove. Ali to nije bio kraj, kako tvrde, potom su ih pretresli do gole kože i uzeli sav novac koji su pronašli, pa čak i odeću iz rančeva.

Na kraju su im priča Asjad, hrvatski policajci naredili da skinu obuću, strpali u kombije, dovezli do granice i prebacili na teritoriju Srbije.

Ukupno njih 100 su bosi ušli u kamp Principovac, što su posvedočile i izbeglice koje borave u kampu duže vreme.

Sve veći broj migranata pokušava prelazak preko hrvatske granice – među njima veliki broj maloletnih dečaka

U proteklih nedelju dana, mobilni tim Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) susreće sve veći broj migranata na području severne granice koji pokušavaju prelazak preko hrvatske granice. Trenutno na području oko hrvatske granice, na otvorenom boravi najmanje 300 lica, većinom iz Pakistana i Avganistana, od kojih najmanje trećinu čine maloletna lica bez pratnje, dečaci uzrasta od 12 do 17 godina. Neki od njih navode da su ušli u našu zemlju pre 20 dana, a većina navodi da su u Srbiji tek 7 dana. Ovi dečaci se nalaze u veoma teškoj situaciji, neki od njih su već pokušali ilegalan prelazak, te su pored izloženosti fizičkom nasilju i torture od strane hrvatskih policajaca ostali bez telefona i mogućnosti kontaktiranja svojih porodica.

Prema poslednjim informacijama sa terena, najmanje 100 lica dnevno pokušava ulazak na teritoriju Hrvatske, najčešće pokušavajući da pređu peške, hodajući prugom, ili šumom u okolini Šida, ali sve veći broj pokušava i čamcima da se domogne obale na hrvatskoj teritoriji, u okolini Sombora, izlažući se velikom riziku od prevrtanja, jer u jednom čamcu ponekad bude čak 20 osoba.

Sid 20180619 09 small 2

APC/CZA redovno informiše ova lica, posebno maloletna lica bez pratnje, sa načinima na koji mogu ostvariti svoja prava na legalan boravak i smeštaj u kampovima. Samo u poslednja dva dana naš tim je susreo i pružio uslugu savetovanja i informisanja za 50 maloletnih lica bez pratnje, koja se nalaze na otvorenom u opštinama Šid i Sombor.

Inače u kampovima na severnoj granici boravi 1200 izbeglica, od kojih se najviše oko 800 lica nalazi u kampovima Adaševci i Principovac, gde su prema navodima sa terena trenutno popunjeni svi kapaciteti za smeštaj. Duž granice sa Hrvatskom, na otvorenim lokacijama trenutno boravi najmanje 300 lica, najčešće iz Avganistana i Pakistana.

Oglas za farsi prevodioca

 Logo CZA SMALL 3

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC-CZA) je u potrazi za prevodiocima za farsi.

Ukoliko:
- Govorite i pišete farsi
- Aktivistički nastrojeni i želite da radite u sferi ljudskih prava
- Spremni da radite na terenu širom Srbije                                                                                                                                                     

i zainteresovani da nam se priključite, molimo Vas da pošaljete Vaš CV i kratko motivaciono pismo na engleskom jeziku na: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., sa naslovom: „Konkurs za prevodioca za farsi" do 15. oktobra 2018. godine.

Uslovi:

Kvalifikacije poželjnog kandidata:
- Aktivno korišćenje govornog i pisanog jezika, korišćenje dijalekata
- Jezička pismenost na farsi i engleskom jeziku
- Veština simultanog i konsekutivnog prevoda
- Radna dozvola u Srbiji

Opis radnog mesta:
- Pomoć u prevođenju prilikom pružanja pravne i psihosocijalne podrške tražiocima azila, migrantima i izbeglicama
- Prevođenje materijala i lifleta sa engleskog/srpskog na farsi
- Rad u eksternim kancelarijama APC/CZA

Više informacija o našoj organizaciji možete naći na:
Web: www.apc-cza.org; www.azilsrbija.rs;
Facebook: www.facebook.com/AzilUSrbiji
Twitter: twitter.com/APC_CZA

 

Djurovic: About 2,000 migrants outside of reception centers

BELGRADE, August 26 - Rados Djurovic from Asylum Protection Center spoke with RTS that this year marked the news that a significant number of migrants circumvent Serbia's reception centers and that there are currently about 2,000 of them outside of the centers. He points out that the migrants are definitely orientating themselves toward BiH and Croatia.

According to the data of the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration, around 3,200 migrants are temporarily living in our country, and Rados Djurovic states that at least 30 to 40 people enter the country daily and mainly entering from the direction of Macedonia and Bulgaria.

"Approximately 2,000 people are outside of the centers systems and this is new for this year, marking that this year refugees are not going as they did before to reception centers, but rather that a significant number of them are bypassing them, with the intention of reaching Western Europe" , Djurovic pointed out on RTS Dnevnik.

He emphasized that the migration orientation is definitely towards BiH and Croatia.

"People gravitate towards these parts of our country, so reception centers in this part of Serbia are full - more than 900 people are in the center in Obrenovac, as well as in the center of Banja Koviljaca and the center in Adasevci where a large number of migrants are located," says Djurovic.

"These are all centers filled with people who, due to these trends, try to get to Western Europe most often through BiH and Croatia," added Djurovic.

In asking if the new Balkan route is through BiH, Djurovic explains that Bosnia was opened as a route only because of the extremely difficult treatment of migrants on the Serbian-Hungarian border.

"You have the latest knowledge from the field that people are denied food in the centers in Hungary and that they are being pushed back to Serbia illegally and that it is a practice that unfortunately also exists with Croatia. Faced with the lack of alternative, people, they have chosen BiH through help of smugglers massive go there, "Djurovic pointed out.

"This is just a current situation, but it points to Serbia's position on this route, which is the mainland route, the main route from Turkey, and Serbia is one of the stations, simply an inevitable station on the way of migrants, and most of them pass through Serbia for now they mostly manage to pass, "explained Djurovic.

He thinks that solidarity in Europe still does not exist, but it is also clear that just all countries look at the problem of migrants exterminating and solving it beyond the EU's borders.

"In this respect, we expect that in September concrete plans for resolving issues outside the EU will come out," Djurovic added.

When it comes to the EU, he stressed that there are individual countries that are trying to close the borders for refugees - Italy, Hungary, Poland, Austria ...

"This points to major problems within the EU, but also on a new tendency that general understanding prevails that the problem should be resolved outside the territory of the EU, and then it has a lot of influence in the Balkans," Djurovic said.

He pointed out that migration is a persuasive process and that statistical data proves that there are a large number of people on the move.

"Migration will not bypass us precisely because we as Serbia are on a route that is landed to the EU and as the last station on this road we can not expect the problem to be solved," concluded Đurović.

Religion and Migration Should Not Be Linked

Rados Djurovic from the Asylum Protection Center tells RTS that the warnings on the so-called "mosque route" are probably intended for political needs in countries where there is fear of Muslims.

Neighboring countries, primarily Bosnia and Herzegovina, have been very worried over recent weeks because of the increased number of migrants, and Djurovic says BiH is the last option for migrants due to the closed Hungarian border and poor treatment at the Croatian border.

However, it is difficult to pass through BiH, and this route has not taken on a larger scale, Djurovic said in a guest interview with RTS Dnevnik.

There is no migrant route that avoids Serbia, Djurovic points out, adding that the most important is the one that goes through Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and further to Italy and Slovenia.

A less significant route is, as he says, is through Hungary, as well as a branch that leads to Macedonia, Albania and Montenegro in BiH.

Commenting on the Austrian authorities' warning of the so-called "mosque route", in terms of the help that migrants receive on their way, Djurovic says that religion and migration should not be linked and that this is unfounded.

This is probably intended for political needs in countries where there is fear of the Muslims, believes Djurovic.

Djurovic says that the Balkans is probably a buffer zone if migrants do not stop on Greek islands, but says there is now no reason to worry that the migrant crisis of 2015 could be repeated.

Migrants Kicked Out of Adasevci, With The Help of APC Returned To Camp

During our regular visit to the Reception Center this morning in Adasevci, our team found an upset group of migrants in front of the camp from Iran, among whom there was one woman and one unaccompanied minor. They proceeded to tell us that nine of them were kicked out of the camp last night. Sitting on blankets they laid on the path in front of the camp, having nowhere else to go. They told us that they had been thrown out because of a fight that happened the night before between groups from Afghanistan and Iran. After which, they say the manager of the reception center had thrown them out.

adasevci-2 resize

Our team collected information about the event and provided the first psychological help to these individuals, consoling them and informing the Center for Social Welfare in Sid that amongst those without accommodation was an unaccompanied minor boy.

Particularly distraught was a woman who had spent the night in the parking lot between the highway and the forest, alongside her husband, who said that he had been battling with depressing in Iran as well.

The police from Sid soon came, among whom was also the inspector for foreigners.

Our team insisted that the migrants receive accommodation because they are exposed to security, health and humanitarian risks in such a situation, particularly the vulnerable cases of women, unaccompanied minors and those with mental and emotional distress. At the same time, reception centers such as the one in Adasevci, are intended for the reception of migrants for who it is not necessary to seek asylum in Serbia.

What was especially worrying for our team was that the migrants from camp were selected by the staff of the Commissariat for Refugees. The camp manager also claimed that these people did not want to enter the camp. We asked the migrants, who collectively answered the opposite that they wanted to receive accommodation in the camp.

The police took statements about the event, proceeding to teach the migrants about respecting camp rules and living in shared collective accommodation. Then, the police representatives spoke with the camp management and all migrants were further admitted into the accommodation.

Adaševci-fotke-sa-policijom-resize

The refugees had been very grateful to our team for our intervention and help in a crisis situation. A number of refugees gathered around the group that had been kicked out to show solidarity with them and help them.

Interactive workshop and grafitti drawing at Ciglana Club

Asylum Protection Center (APC / CZA) organized a creative interactive workshop for graffiti drawing on June 17, 2018 at the Ciglana Club in Belgrade. The workshop was realized within the project LOVE (Law, Order, Value) - for migrants / asylum seekers / asylum seekers, in exercising their rights without discrimination, financed by the European Union.

Boys from Afghanistan and Iran, who live in Serbia without their parents, together with youth from the local community, the APC / CZA team, volunteers and APC / CZA students, all participated in the workshop. The special guest of the workshop was graffiti artist Bogdan Đokić and Nejib, asylum seeker - and academic painter to whom APC is assisting in the asylum procedure.

Festival Dev9t 20180617 03 small

The graffiti drawing was preceded by a workshop with migrant and local children, moderated by a pedagogue and social worker from the APC team who deal with the interaction and integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Serbia. At the same workshop, the participants not only discussed what makes them happy, what challenges they encounter while traveling and staying in Serbia, but also how to express themselves and communicate with people from the local community and with their peers in the local environment in which they live.

The graffiti artist then presented them with the basics of drawing a mural, and then assisted each participant of the workshop to express himself, either together or with others through the art, and to present their work. For asylum and local children, this was a completely new experience that all young people of their age often dream about, and they were able to creatively communicate, negotiate, exchange ideas and overcome possible unknowns and preconceptions through creative work. Everyone was very excited and proud of their ability to leave some visible trace on the walls of the factory that can last and leave an impression while sending a message to all the others who will see it in the future.

Festival Devet 20180617 01 small

Djurovic: Use of Force against Refugees in Croatia Will Not Solve the Problem of Migration

Director of the Asylum Protection Center Rados Djurovic assessed today, as the Croatian police wounded two young migrants with firearms, that the use of force against this population is not legally permissible and that there are other ways to prevent illegal migration and activities of human smugglers.

"Children cannot be the victims of attempts to reduce the smuggling of migrants, and this violence can only push these people away from the police in the embrace of smugglers. After all, the use of force against children and migrants is not allowed and lawful and very problematic, especially as it is people who have escaped persecution in their countries. Refugees are not smugglers, they are their victims, "Djurovic told BETA.

Two children were wounded last night when the Croatian police fired on a van carrying illegal immigrants on the Lower Serbs who entered Croatia from BiH. Children who had gunfire infections were transferred to the Zadar hospital and were not in a life-threatening condition. It's supposed to be 12-year-olds.

Djurovic said that the use of firearms is not the only way to stop the vehicle and arrest a smuggler, but also that there is no talk about the fact that in a country of the European Union the right to life is inviolable.

"We had a case earlier in which a six-year-old girl, Medina, died when a Croatian police force forced her and her family into Serbia on the border, and the young girl was hit by a train on the tracks," Djurovic said.

He added that migrants are mostly desperate people who are far from their homes and that there is no doubt that they will continue to try to get to Western Europe, which is why it is realistic to expect that they will be even more focused on the smugglers if they think that the police enemy.

According to him, in the last three months, it is noticeable that the behavior of the Croatian police at the border is much sharper than before.

"We have information from refugees that the Croatian police use physical force and dogs to beat people and detain them for more than ten hours without water. The treatment of refugees on the Croatian-Serbian border has been violated, but everyone should understand that the use of force cannot stop the smuggling "said Djurovic.

Želje i planovi dece u Zavodu za vaspitanje dece i omladine u Nišu

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) posetio je Zavod za vaspitanje dece i omladine u Nišu (Zavod) gde smo razgovarali sa osam maloletnika bez pratnje koji borave u Zavodu manje od dve nedelje. Dečaci su uzrasta od 11 do 17 godina i dolaze iz Avganistana, Pakistana, Irana i Mijanmara.

Dečacima smo pružili informacije o proceduri, pravima, obavezama,mogućnosti da traže azil. Objasnili smo im ulogu staratelja, centraza socijalni rad, procedure koje će verovatno  započeti i proći ali i odgovarali na mnoga njihova pitanja i brige koje su podelili sa nama.

Sa dečacima smo organizovali radionicu upoznavanja na kojoj smo razgovarali o tome kako su voleli da provode slobodno vreme u svojim zemljama porekla i koje su hobije imali, kao i kako ispunjavaju slobodno vreme koje sada imaju. Primetili smo da sport predstavlja značajnu stvar za njih i da uživaju igrajući fudbal i odbojku u Nišu, ali i da im nedostaje kriket.

Takođe smo pričali o planovima i željama za budućnost – svima nedostaje škola i voleli bi da što pre nastave sa obrazovanjem kako bi mogli da pronađu dobar posao. Neki razmišljaju o Francuskoj i Nemačkoj, a pojedini vide i Srbiju kao zemlju svoje budućnosti. Posle uspostavljenih prvih kontakata, nastavljamo dalje sa našim aktivnostima, a psiholog koji je započeo komunikaciju i vodio inicijalne razgovore sa decom, će nastaviti da radi sa decom tokom njihovg boravka u Nišu i tamošnjem Zavodu za maloletnike bez pratnje,gradeći odnos poverenja i pružajući im podršku i osnaživanje. Pedagog tima je pored inicijalnih radionica upoznavanja, pripremio i plan za uključivanje ovih dečaka intenzivnije u interakciju sa lokalnom sredinom i svojim vršnjacima.

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Preševo i aktivnosti APC na jugu Srbije

Naš južni tim i u januaru ove godine redovno obilazi kampove na jugu Srbije, prati situaciju na granicama, informiše i pravno i psihološki savetuje izbeglice sa kojiima se susreće.

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Situacija u Preševu je zabrinjavajuća. U kampu je oko 900 ljudi. Ima onih koji već godinu dana čekaju da uđu u Mađarsku nadajući se da će uskoro stići njihov red da to učine. Takođe, sve je veći broj migranata koji su ili uhvaćeni na granici sa Makedonijom, kada im policija oduzima telefone i prisilno dovodi u centar u Preševu, kao i onih koji su push-backovani sa granice sa Hrvatskom i Mađarskom i koji su boravili u okolini tih granica, kada ih je policija u nekoj od racija pokupila i dovela u kamp. I jedni i drugi su pod tenzijom. Tome dodatno doprinosi ograničena sloboda kretanja u prihvatnom centru u Preševu, kada migranti moraju da traže dozvolu da bi izašli na nekoliko sati, i kada im se to uskraćuje kao vid kazne za konflikte koji su sve češći u samom centru.

Grupa izbeglica je došla u našu kancelariju i zatražila pomoć oko pokretanja azilne procedure. Objašnjeno im je šta treba da urade i da se za početak jave policiji koja je u prihvatnom centru svakog dana i da im kažu da žele da traže azil. Par dana kasnije kada su ponovo došli u našu kancelariju rekli su da su više dana pokušavali da to urade ali da su im službenici Komesarijata na ulazu u zgradu gde je policija svaki put govorili da dođu sutradan. Ljudi su postajali isfrustriraniji, očajniji i nisu razumeli zašto ih neko odvraća od traženja azila. Naše kolege iz Južne kancelarije su odmah reagovale. Brzom reakcijom APC pravnika, koji su obavestili upravu granične policije o situaciji, ova grupa migranata je ubrzo registrovana i izdate su im potvrde o izraženoj nameri za azil. Olakšanje je bilo vidljivo na njihovim licima. Napokon su dobili osećaj da stvari mogu da se promene i da nisu tako bespomoćni kao što su verovali u početku. Sada čekaju da budu prebačeni u neki od centara za azil gde će im biti organizovano i podnošenje zahteva za azil, prvi intervju. Nadamo se da ćemo ih uskoro zateći u nekom drugom centru i da ćemo im uskoro uručiti njihove prve lične karte.

 

Maloletnik bez pratnje ne može da izrazi nameru za azil

Timu APC-a se u našoj eksternoj kancelariji u Gavrila Principa 13 u Beogradu obratio maloletni dečak od 16 godina navodeći da želi da  traži azil u Srbiji. U jednom od kampova je njegov ujak, rođeni brat njegove majke i čuo je da je bezbedan ovde i da želi da pokrene azilnu proceduru.

Tim APC je odmah kontaktirao nadležni centar za socijalni rad tražeći da mu se postavi staratelj i da socijalni radnik centra za socijalni rad reaguje. Na žalost socijalni radnik lokalnog centra za socijalni rad nije bio u mogućnosti da izađe na teren pa je dečak upućen da provede noć u obliženjem Miksalištu. Dečaka smo informisali o pravima, svom položaju, ulozi organa starateljstva kao i predstojećim koracima koji će uslediti.

Međutim, sutradan nam se maloletnik obratio ponovo i istakao da mu se staratelj nije obratio. Mi zovemo lokalni centar za socijlani rad i dežurne radnike da urgiramo. Od socijalne radnice čujemo da oni ne mogu da reaguju pre ponedeljka iz tehničkih razloga i nedostatka kapaciteta, a sve je ukazivalo da će dečak provesti čitav vikend van adekvatnog smeštaja, spavajući još noći na madracima.

Spavajući tokom čitavog vikenda u neprimerenom smetaju, tinejdžer koji je pokazao izuzetnu rezilijentnost i saradljivost postao je razdražljiv jer se razboleo usled niže temperature i oskudnih uslova za održvavanje higijene u samom objektu u kom je boravio

APC/CZA je u više navrata zahtevao urgentnu reakciju centra za socijalni rad ali i policije. Nakon nedelju dana borbe, maloletno lice bez pratnje, izbeglo iz Avganistana, uspelo je da izrazi nameru da traži azil i upućen je na centar za azil u Krnjači zahvaljujući isključivo upornošću i intervencijama našeg tima.

Tokom čitavih nedelju dana, mladić je dobijao podršku tima APC/CZA i pratio je sve instrukcije. Reč je o dečaku koji je bio veoma uporan i rešen da izrazi nameru da traži azil, poštuje zakon, ostvari pravo na smeštaj i socijalnu zaštitu. Imajući u vidu da je nedelju dana prošlo otkada nam se lice prvi put obratilo do trenutka kada je uspelo da ostvari svoje pravo da traži azil, prepoznajemo koliko je teško migrantima, a posebno deci koji ne govore jezik, koji nisu došli do informacije o proceduri i pravima, onima koji se zabrinu, licima koja imaju psihičkih tegoba, žrtvi neke vrste nasilja, ženama, da ostvare svoja prava jer ih sistem veoma često tera u sivu zonu, čineći ih još osetljivijim i nezaštićenim.

APC/CZA obilazi izbeglice duž granice sa Hrvatskom

Tim Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) posetio je „Grafosrem" – napuštenu fabriku u Šidu gde borave izbeglice koje pokušavaju da pređu granicu sa Hrvatskom i nastave dalje. Iako je kraj januara, i idalje hladno, zatičemo ljude na toj lokaciji koji nam kažu da oko granice trenutno boravi između 50 i 100 ljudi poreklom iz Avganistana, i da ima dosta ljudi poreklom iz Alžira, Tunisa. Dolaze u napuštenu fabriku kako bi dobili hranu od orgnizacije koja im svakog dana pruža humantarnu pomoć. Umorni su, iscrpljeni, isfrustrirani. Srpska policija povremeno dolazi da ih otera odatle, ali za sada im ne oduzima stvari i ne upotrebljava silu.

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Hrvatska policija sa druge strane nastavlja agresivno da gura ljude natrag u Srbiju, mada kako izbeglice kažu „ne tuku tako jako i svaki put kao pre". Svako od ljudi sa kojima smo razgovarali potvrđuje priču poznatu od ranije – oduzimaju im mobilne telefone, prete, a kad su u alkoholisanom stanju i biju. Ima i onih koji su preko Bosne i Hercegovine prešli u Hrvatsku, da bi odatle bili vraćeni u Srbiju. Imaju utisak kao da policija igra "ping-pong" sa njima, i da ih niko ne doživljava kao ljude.

Većina izbeglica sa kojima smo razgovarali je pokušala da uđe u kamp u Principovcu ili u Adaševcima. Nisu uspeli. Kažu im "nemate kamp karticu, nema ulaska", ni ne obaziru se na hladnoću i na to što ovi ljudi nemaju gde da odu. Među njima ima i maloletnika bez pratnje. Posebnu pažnju obraćamo na njih jer su oni najranjiviji, skloni impulsivnom reagovanju a sa druge strane naivni i pod visokim rizikom od zloupotrebe. Jedan od njih izgleda veoma namučeno – zapuštenog je izgleda, ima prazan, dalek pogled, i na pokušaje uspostavljanja kontakta reaguje trzanjem, kao da se budi iz sna. Polako se opušta i kaže da je boravio u kampu u Obrenovcu. Tamo je, odlukom Komesarijata, smešten kao maloletnik bez pratnje ali zajedno sa odraslima, u velikoj spavaonici. Vrlo brzo je napustio kamp, jer je bio napadnut od strane grupe izbeglica koji su pokušali da ga opljačkaju i tom prilikom posekli po ruci. Nije se osećao sigurno a bio je uveren da neće dobiti pomoć ni od koga. Pokazuje brojne ožiljke po ruci, od kojih su neki od samopovređivanja žiletom i cigaretom. Primećujemo i ožiljak na vratu, koji izgleda kao od noža. Odlučujemo da pozovemo Centar za socijalni rad u Šidu kako bi preuzeli brigu o njemu i drugim maloletnicima bez pratnje. Na žalost, socijalna radnica nam kaže da ne mogu da dođu, da nemaju kapaciteta i da dečaci treba da odu za Beograd i tamo potraže pomoć. Osnažujemo ih da to i urade, da je to najbolja opcija za njih, da budu na sigurnom, toplom, da ne brinu da li će biti gladni ili ne. Objašnjavamo im gde je naša kancelarija i dajemo kontakt, nadajući se da ćemo ih videti uskoro u Beogradu.

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APC/CZA konkurs za projektnog menadžera

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Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC-CZA) je u potrazi za profesionalcima koji bi se priključili postojećem timu na poziciji projektnog menadžera.

Ukoliko ste:
- Vredni, umete da se organizujete, imate inicijativu, entuzijasti i željni da menjate stvarnost, a voljni da se stručno usavršavate,
- Imate odlično znanje engleskog jezika i prethodno projektno i menadžersko iskustvo u zemlji ili u inostranstvu,
- Poznajete i imate iskustva u asistiranju i/ili upravljanju različitim projektima,
- Poznajete rad na računaru i na društvenim mrežama (MS Office korisnički nivo i rad na društvenim mrežama),
i zainteresovani da nam se priključite, molimo Vas da pošaljete Vaš CV i kratko motivaciono pismo na engleskom jeziku na: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., sa naslovom: „Konkurs za projektnog menadžera" do 17. septembra 2018. godine.

Uslovi:

Kvalifikacije poželjnog kandidata:
- Visoka stručna sprema u oblasti društvenih i organizacionih nauka
- Minimum 3 godine radnog iskustva u upravljanju projektima
- Razvijene veštine pisanja projektnih predloga i izveštaja na engleskom jeziku
- Razvijene upravljačke i organizacione veštine
- Jezička pismenost na srpskom jeziku i engleskom jeziku
- Poželjne komunikacione veštine i poznavanje rada na društvenim mrežama

Opis radnog mesta:
- Upravljanje tekućim projektima, aktivnostima i timovima organizacije
- Praćenje i implementacija aktivnosti u cilju postizanja ciljeva i rezultata organizacije
- Komunikacija i izveštavanje o projektnim aktivnostima, donatorima ali i drugim akterima u različitim formama
- Podrška u obavljanju poslova organizacione prirode (organizacija događaja, konferencija, akcija, itd.)
- Komunikacija sa partnerima organizacije, medijima i drugim organizacijama u zemlji i inostranstvu
- Priprema novih predloga projekata i inicijalni angažman na pribavljanju novih donacija i sredstava finansiranja

Više informacija o našoj organizaciji možete naći na:
Web: www.apc-cza.org; www.azilsrbija.rs;
Facebook: www.facebook.com/AzilUSrbiji
Twitter: twitter.com/APC_CZA

Podrška maloletnicima bez pratnje u Centru za azil u Krnjači

Socijalni radnici i prevodioci Centra  za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila (APC/CZA) su razgovarali sa maloletnicima bez pratnje prilikom redovne posete Centru za azil u Krnjači. Neki od njih su već sedam dana u kampu, ali još uvek nemaju staratelja. Tokom naše posete, u Centar za azil je stigla još jedna grupa maloletnika koja je čekala da budu smešteni. Svima smo objasnili gde se nalaze, u kakvom su položaju, azilnu proceduru i zašto je važno da im što pre bude dodeljen staratelj. Potom smo obavestili nadležni Centar za socijalni rad i pokrenuli proceduru za postavljanje staratelja. Deca su pokazala zadovoljstvo i osmehe kada smo im preneli informacije da će njihov staratelj doći do kampa i da će imati nekoga ko može da brine o njima, da ih razume i da im pomogne. Na žalost ovakve situacije postaju veoma česte, kada u centrima za prihvat izbeglica i azilanata spore reakcije socijalnih radnika iz nadležnih centara za socijalni rad uslovljavaju položaj i ostvarivanje prava maloletnika, te dovode u pitanje ostvarivanje prava na smeštaj, fer postupak, ali i zaštitu od nasilja od krijumčara koji su prisutni i u velikim prihvatnim kampovima poput Krnjače i Obrenovca. Kao dete ne možeš biti siguran ni u jednom od kolektivnim kampova u koje se zajedno smeštaju odrasli i deca u Srbiji.

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Oglas za pravnika

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Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila objavljuje oglas za posao na poziciji pravnik. Pozivaju se pravnici aktivisti da nam se jave na adresu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ukoliko žele da se priključe našem pravnom timu na poslovima zastupanja tražilaca azila i izbeglica u Republici Srbiji.

Konkurs je otvoren do kraja jula 2018. godine.

Opis poslova:
1. zastupanje u postupku azila i drugim sudskim i upravnim postupcima
2. pružanje pravnih saveta i informisanje tražilaca azila o pravima i obavezama, u kancelariji i van kancelarije
3. monitoring sistema azila i postupanja svih aktera u praksi, na granicama i na teritoriji Srbije
4. prateći administrativni poslovi i drugi poslovi po nalogu rukovodioca

*Napomena - poslovi se obavljaju pretežno u Beogradu, a po potrebi u centrima za smeštaj tražilaca azila i drugim lokacijama širom Srbije

Uslovi konkursa:
1. završen pravni fakultet
2. radno iskustvo u struci, minimum 3 godine
3. odlično znanje engleskog jezika
4. aktivni vozač, B kategorija

Dokumentacija koju je potrebno dostaviti, sa naznakom "za konkurs":
1. CV
2. motivaciono pismo

Očekujemo Vas!

Djurović (APC): Srbija definitivno postaje tampon zona za migrante ako i BiH zatvori granicu

Izvor: Beta

Direktor Centra za zaštitu i pružanje pomoći tražiocima azila Radoš Djurović ocenio je danas da najave zatvaranja zapadnih granica za dalji priliv migranata ukazuju da će Srbija definitivno postati tampon zona za migrante i poslednja granica za sve izbeglice koji idu iz pravca Turske ka Evropskoj uniji.

"Ukoliko i Bosna i Hercegovina masovnije krene da vraća ljude, kao što je najavljeno, imaćemo isti scenario kakav danas imamo na hrvatskoj, madjarskoj i rumunskoj granici. Ljude koje svakodnevno ilegalno vraćaju kod nas. Sve to ukazuje da smo mi tampon zona migracije, kao poslednja granica iz pravca Turske u EU. I da ćemo, kao takvi, ostati i u budućnosti", rekao je Djurović.

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U izjavi agenciji Beta, Djurović je ukazao da je ulaz migranata sa južnih granica kontinuiran a da su mogućnosti Srbije da zaustavi migraciju iz pravca južnih suseda potpuno ograničene.

On je ocenio da je nerealno očekivati da će južni susedi Srbije intenzivnije saradjivati i koordinirati rad sa Srbijom u pogledu upravljanja migracijama koje prolaze kroz te zemlje iz Grčke i Turske jer oni žele da se oslobode tereta migracije i ljudi koji bi, inače, bili zaglavljeni kod njih. To se često čuje i od migranata i izbeglica na terenu. Još je više zabrinjavajuće što mnogi migranti i izbeglice svedoče o problemima nefukncionalnih tema zaštite u istim zemljama i nemogućnosti da pristupe azilnom postupku i da se o njihovim zahtevima odlučuje u suštini i na fer način. Mnogi svedoče odsustvo prevodilaca, nasilje, nemogućnost da zatraže azil, diskriminaciju i loše uslove prihvata, a posebno su osetljivi maloletnicima bez pratnje roditelja.

"Samo u periodu od 10. do 23. maja u Grčku je stiglo novih 1.135 migranata, dok je od početka godine samo u Grčku stiglo više od 10.000 ljudi", rekao je Djurović. On očekuje da će se priliv ljudi u Srbiju takodje nastaviti, u tom smislu, kao u zemlju koja je poslednja evropska zemlja pre šengenskog prostora i na ulazu u EU, do koje novopristigli ljudi u Grčkoj dolaze preko Bugarske i Makedonije.

Adaptacijska radionica i glad za informacijama - Bujanovac

Mobilni tim je zajedno sa timom APC/CZA južne kancelarije posetio Prihvatni centar u Bujanovcu 03. maja. Sa grupom dece smeštene u kampu je u okviru projekta LOVE (Pravo, Red, Vrednosti) – za migrante/azilante/osobe kojima je odobren azil, u ostvarivanju svojih prava bez diskriminacije, finansiranom od strane Evropske unije, realizovana je adaptacijska radionica gde su kroz raličite igre i kreativne price govorili o svojim iskustvima u Srbiji. Deca sa kojom je naš tim radio nedavno su stigla u kamp i još uvek istražuju sredinu. Deca se bore da sa svojim vršnjacima i profesionalcima koji pružaju deci podršku barem privremeno ne slušaju o brigama, stresu i zebnji njihovih roditelja. Cilj radionice bilo je uspostavljanje sigurne sredine za decu da govore o svojim iskustvima sa puta, da kroz pricu I jednostavne crteže, humor prevazidju trenutne teskoce - oskudnih I losih uslova, dosade, zabrinutosti roditelja. Deca su na kreativan nacin govorila o svojim osecanjima, svojim utiscima o Srbiji I snovima.

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Od njihovih roditelja i drugih izbeglicama sa kojima je naš tim razgovarao čujemo price i strahove koji nisu ni malo optimistični. Napustili su svoje zemlje zbog političkog nasilja, verskog progona, izrazite potrebe za slobodnom. Razgovaramo sa doktorom koji je jedva uspeo da spase svog sina i sebe nakon što su mu licenca za rad i lične isprave proglašeni nevažećim.
Razgovaramo sa neustrašivim mladićem koji želi da pokrene azilnu proceduru u Srbiji i ovde ostane. To je naveo po dolasku u Beograd, ali su mu službenici koje nije umeo da predstavi rekli da ide u Bujanovac i da tamo čeka. Ima specifična, izrazito moderna razmišljanja o pravima žena, o verskim i političkim slobodama.

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Navodi da je više puta spominjao i Beogradu i u samom kampu da želi da pokrene azilnu proceduru ali mu je uvek rečeno - to nije naš posao. Otišao je do policijske stanice u Bujanovcu gde su mu takođe rekli da to nije ni njihov posao.
Kod svih ovih ljudi primećujemo glad za informacijama, koncentrisano i pažljivo slušaju sve što im govorimo. Uveravamo ih da ćemo im pomoći da pokrenu azilnu proceduru. Značajan broj naših sagovornika je poreklom iz Irana, svi demonstriraju izrazitu volju da ostvare svoja prava i da se bore za bolji život svojih porodica.

Sadržaj, stavovi i realizacija projekta su isključiva odgovornost Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, novinske agencije BETA i Centra za istraživanje javnih politika, a izneti stavovi ni u kom slučaju se ne mogu smatrati stavovima Evropske unije.

APC/CZA u sedištu UN na panelu o globalnom dogovoru o migraciji među članicama UN-a

NJUJORK, 20 maja – Predstavnici APC/CZA učestvovali su na panelu koji je u održan Ujedninjenim nacijama u Njujorku, 14.maja ove godine  povodom početaka četvrte runde intervladinih pregovora o globalnom dogovoru o migraciji među članicama UN-a, a koji je u sedištu UN-a na Istriveru trajao četiri dana.

Četvrta runda pregovora među državama članicama UN-a o nacrtu Globalnog dogovora o sigurnoj, uređenoj i regularnoj migraciji, pratili su i drugi paneli usmereni na sva bitnija pitanja koja su se javljala tokom pregovora, poput pitanja međunarodne saradnje, izgradnja kapaciteta, sigurnih puteva za regularnu migraciju, pitanje fundamentalnih ljudskih prava, integracije.

Naša organizacija je dobila značajan prostor da u forumu UN-a u kontekstu pokrenutih pitanja iznese sopstvena iskustva, percepcije, analize, stavove, objašnjenja i ponudi konrketne predloge rešavanja pojedinih problema i principa u radu sa migrantima, traziocima azila, izbeglicama na terenu i u lokalnom i regionalnom specifičnom kontekstu.

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Zajedno sa predstavnicima organizacija iz Latinske Amerike-Gvatemale i Kolumbije, APC/CZA je izneo sopstvena iskustva, poglede, primere dobrih praksi koje je stekao u svom radu u Srbiji na pružanju pravne, psihološke, soijalne, integracijske pomoći izbeglicama, migrantima, tražiocima azila i svima drugima koji su izbegli iz svojih zemalja porekla i došli do Srbije, poslednjoj stanici pre ulaska u zemlje EU i šengenski prostor.

Naš predstavnik je učesnike ovog panela upoznao sa procesima migracije kroz balkansko poluostrvo sa posebnim osvrtom na azil, položaj i zaštitu izbeglica i tražilaca azila, analizirao razloge zbog kojih mnogi ljudi oistaju zaglavljeni na Balkanu i Srbiji, kao i rizike kojima su ovi ljudi sve više izloženi.

Ukazali smo i na moguće trendove u budućnosti kada je reč o migraciji preko Balkana i Srbije, ali i na potrebnu hitne reakcije i izgradnje isistema koji bi omogućio jasnu, zakonitu, uređenu migraciju i boravak ljudi u Srbiji kao zemlji koja je predvorje EU, a koja se nalazi duboko u središtu Evrope.

Na primeru Srbije, predstavnici mnogih nevladinih organizacija i državni predstavnici koji su prisustvovali panelu su bili u mogućnosti da naprave paralele sa mnogim zemjama koje se nalaze na samom obodu uređenih prostora i zemalja destinacije, a koje će neminovno u budućnosti da preuzmu značajne pristike interkontinentalne migracije i sve probleme koje nju prate.

Upravo je narastući teret migracije na leđima tih tranzitnih zemljama koje moraju pronaći odgovarajuće politike i rešenja kako bi uspele da prevaziđu nove okolnosti na najbolji i najodrživiji način, a izbegnu scenarije koje bi doprinele tenzijama, sukobima, rastu predrasuda i ksenofobiji, rastu zloupotreba ili nasljia, što nikako nije scenarijo koji ovim zemljama može da pomogne u suočavanju sa interkontinentalnim pokretima ljudi.

Inače, nacrt Globalnog dogovora o sigurnoj, uređenoj i regularnoj migraciji, rezultat je želje zemalja članica UN-a da ustanovi zajedničko razumevanje, zajedničku odgovornost i stav u pogledu fenomena savremene migracije i principa reagovanja na nju, a koji je prihvatljiv svim državama članicama UN-a, I da taj globalni dogovor bude osnov za sve buduće dokumente i dogovore koje bi države članice usvajale pod okriljem UN-a, na način kako je to Univerzalna Deklaracija UN-a o ljudskim pravima iz 1948. poslužila kao osnov za usvajanje drugih deklaracija i konvencija o ljudskim pravima u okviru UN-a do danas.

Članice UN-a, su još u septembru prošle godine, svesne srazmera globalnog procesa migriranja (legalna, iregularna, radna, ekonomska i drugim razlozima izazvana migracija) u savremenom sve tešnje povezanom svetu, usvojile Njujorškiu deklaraciju o migraciji promovišući spasavanje ljudskih života, zaštitu prava i podelu odgovornosti na globalnom planu kada je reč o migrantima i predlažile konretan plan kako da države započnu pregovore, formiraju konrketna upustva i podele teret globalne migracije sa ciljem da se do kraja 2018. godine dođe do zajedničkog UN Globalnog dogovora o migraciji.

APC/CZA mobilna aplikacija “Asylum in Serbia”

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, je  bio jedna od prvih organizacija u Evropi koja je napravila i razvila mobilnu aplikaciju "Asylum in Serbia" koja omogućava osobama koja traže azil u Srbiji i migrantima koji su u opasnosti da se informišu o sistemu, pravima, obavezama, procedurama, ali i da prijave zloupotrebe, krijumčarenje i nasilje. Aplikacija omogućava osobi da anonimno prijavi fizičko nasilje, seksualno uznemiravanje, prevare, iznude novca ili druge vrste zloupotreba bilo da dolaze od građana, drugih migranata ili organa vlasti, kao i mogućnost da se prilože slike/video snimci kao dokazi.

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Osobama koje prijave zloupotrebu na raspolaganju su naši naši pravnici i advokati, psiholozi, pedagozi, politikolozi, socijalni radnici i prevodioci koji imaju višegodišnje iskustvo u radu sa tražiocima azila, izbeglim, raseljenim licima i svim drugim licima koja su u nevolji migrirala.

Pored mogućnosti da se prijave zloupotrebe, aplikacija nudi sve relevantne informacije potrebne licima koja traže azil od njihovog ulaska u Srbiju. Poput adrese prihvatnih/azilnih centara, vrste prevoza. Tu su takođe i procedure prihvata, azila, njihova prava, i drugo.

Aplikacija je dostupna na engleskom, srpskom, arapskom i persijskom jeziku, i može da se preuzme sa Google Play-a za sada samo za Android i Windows telephone - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.dvuckovic.asylumseeker

Službenici APC/CZA redovno pokazuju i dele aplikaciju migrantima, azilantima i izbeglicama šitom zemlje od centara za prihvat,  centara za azil, preko terena i  alternativnih smeštaja u kojima se nalaze naši korisnici pa sve do naših regionalnih i drugih kancelarija gde izbeglice očekuju naši pravnici, psiholozi, socijalni radnici, volonteri, prevodioci i kulturni medijatori.

Dramatično se povećava broj migranata koji stižu u Grčku

Izvor: Beta

ATINA,7.maj – Broj migranata koji stižu u Grčku iz Turske, morskim i kopnenim putem sve je veći, upozoravaju grčke vlasti, a prenose tamošnji mediji. Samo u nedelju ujutro na ostrva Lezbos i Sios stiglo je 350 izbeglica koji su do ostvra stigli u pet čamaca.

Od 1.maja ukupno 831 migranata stiglo je na ostrva istočnog Egeja i tako opteretilo onako prepune prihvatne centre za prijem.

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Od tih 831 migranata, 554 je stiglo do Lesbosa, 218 Hiosa i 50 Samosa. Prema izjavama predstavnika lokalnih vlasti ostrva u poslednjih nekoliko dana povećan je broj brodova koji prevoze izbeglice i migrante, oko 30 do 35 čamaca svakodnevno dođu na ostrva, što se nije dogodilo dugo vremena.

Broj izbeglica i migranata u kampu Moria na Lesbosu utrostručio se u poslednjih nekoliko dana, a preopterećeni su i svi ostali centri u kojima je prošle godine u ovo vreme bilo je 2400 ljudi, a sada je taj broj dostigao cifru od 6280, što premašuje postojeće kapacitete.

Predstavnici lokalnih vlasti su ubeđeni da su se situacije pogoršale posle samita EU-Turska u Varni, koja se održala 26. marta. Oni se plaše da ukoliko izbeglička kriza ne bude sprečena, u leto će biti ozbiljnih problema.

Fronteks, agencija za evropsku graničnu i obalsku stražu spremna je da pomogne Grčkoj u suzbijanju nedavnog povećanja broja dolazaka migranata i izbeglica kopnom i morem, izjavila je pre nekoliko dana portparolka Evropske komisije Nataša Bertoud.
Ona je potvrdila izveštaje o značajnom povećanju broja pristiglih na ostrvima istočnog Egeja, ali i onih koji stižu preko severoistočne granice Grčke sa Turskom koritom reke Evros .

http://azilsrbija.rs/dramaticno-se-povecava-broj-migranata-koji-stizu-u-grcku/

Radoš Djurović: Potrebno sistemsko rešenje za vakcinaciju dece izbeglica dok su u Srbiji

Izvor: Beta

Direktor Centra za zaštitu i pružanje pomoći tražiocima azila Radoš Djurović ocenio je danas da je dobro što je u Srbiji počela vakcinacija dece migranata protiv malih boginja, ali i dodao da je to trebalo uraditi i ranije kako bi se obezbedilo da i izbeglička i deca iz Srbije budu zaštićena. "Postoji problem nesistematskog pristupa kada je reč o vakcinaciji. Izbeglička deca koja se rode ovde se propisno vakcinišu, medjutim problem je sa drugom izbegličkom decom. Niko od dece bilo kog uzrasta ko dodje u našu zemlju ne dobija vakcinu. Nažalost, reč je o tome da neki od roditelje te dece i ne znaju da li je to potrebno, pa se tako i ne obraćaju za tu vrstu pomoći", rekao je Djurović agenciji Beta.

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Komesarijat za izbeglice i migracije saopštio je prošle nedelje da je vakcinacija dece migranata protiv malih boginja počela prihvatilištu u Krnjači i da je planirano da do 31. maja imunizacijom bude obuhvaćeno 1.592 dece uzrasta do 18 godina.

Vakcine je obezbedila organizacija "Lekari bez granica".

Djurović je dodao da postoji problem revakcinacije dece i da je postojao jedan slučaj roditelja koji je čak imao i karton sa prethodnim vakcinacijama koje je njegovo dete prošlo u zemlji porekla, ali koji je uspeo da obavi revakcinaciju svog deteta tek nakon intervencije Centra.

On je rekao da je veoma važno da se napravi neki sistem kontrole dece i njihovog vakcinisanja, kako zbog njihovog zdravlja tako i zbog zdravlja okoline u kojoj borave.

Prema njegovoj proceni, bilo bi veoma važno da svako izbegličko dete koje je prijavljeno ima zdravstveni karton u koji su uneta sva znanja o vakcinama koje je primilo, bez obzira koliko će se to dete i njegova porodica zadržati u Srbiji.

"Sistem mora da se fokusira na prevenciju širenja različitih bolesti koje se mogu suzbiti vakcinisanjem, koja su čak i obavezna kod nas. Migrantska i izbeglička deca ne smeju u tom smislu biti diskriminisana jer su naši propisi jasni po tom pitanju i odnose se i na tu kategoriju dece. Država mora za tu, kao i za našu decu da obezbedi sve redovne vakcinacije i ne sme da se oslanja na jednokratke donacije već da traži sredstva kako bi se obezbedilo da i izbeglička i naša deca budu zaštićena kroz redovne vakcinacije i revakcinacije", ocenio je Djurović.

Projekat "LOVE Pravo, Red, Vrednosti za migrante/azilante/osobe kojima je odobren azil, u ostvarivanju svojih prava bez diskriminacije" finansira Evropska unija, a sprovodi Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA i partneri - BETA novinska agencija i Centra za istraživanje javnih politika. Sadržaj i statovi izneti na ovoj web stranici ni pod kojim okolnostima ne izražavaju stavove Evropske unije

Pružanje informacija i monitoring duž Hrvatske granice

APC/CZA mobilni timovi redovno prate situaciju na granici sa Hrvatskom, a u okviru projekta praćenja situacije na granicama i negativnih praksi prema migrantima i izbeglicama koje finansira OSIFE. Jedna od redovnih poseta je bila i poseta APC/CZA socijalnih radnika i pedagoga, koji su zajedno sa prevodiocima, kulturnim medijatorima i praktikantima posetili napuštene fabrike u i oko Šida i duž granice sa Hrvatskom 18. i 20. aprila 2018. godine.

Neka od zapazanja naših službenika svedoče o sledećem: Samo dva dana, a jedva da srećemo ista lica. Nailazimo na mladiće i dečake koji očajnički pokušavaju da odu u Hrvatsku tokom noći i odatle nastave u druge evropske zemlje u kojima se nadaju da ih čeka bolja budućnost.

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Neuspešni su, samo u najboljem slučaju bivaju uhvaćeni u kamionu i samo vraćeni u Srbiju, a gotovo uvek uz slomljene mobilne telefone, pocepane papire, udarce pendrecima po nogama i uz uvrede. Nekoliko dana se odmaraju a onda pokušavaju ponovo. Srećemo tinejdžere koji su kao svoju sudbinu prihvatili ovu stalnu borbu ka boljem, i svo nasilje i uvrede kao neminovnost. U malim rančevima, po džepovima drže kontakte ljudi koji im pomažu, porodice, priznanice podignutog novca preko Western Uniona.

Žele da se naspavaju, da budu u miru u nekom od obližnjih kampova ali tamo im govore da nemaju papir za taj kamp. Pokušavamo da intervenišemo i tražimo da se maloletni bez pratnje roditelja obavezno odmah prime u najbliže kampove. Pružamo im informacije o pravima u Srbiji, o njihovom položaju, informišemo ih o opasnostima koje im prete od krijumčara i trgovaca ljudima, pokazujemo im mobilnu aplikaciju preko koje mogu da prijave zloupotrebe i dobiju sve potrebne informacije.

Komentarišemo situaciju u Evropi, tekstove u medijima i informacije koje kruže među njima, dajemo im primere i ljudske priče drugih migranata. Iako su im mnoge priče poznate, mnogi se nadaju se da će baš oni uspeti u sledećem pokušaju. Međutim, položaj ovih ljudi je težak, a oni su sve ranjiviji jer su potpuno nevidljivi za institucije i sistem. Izloženi nasilju, svesni da ih institucije ne žele i da ih posmatraju kao manje vredne ljude koji žele samo da nastave dalje, oni prihvataju svoj položaj i sve više ulogu žrtve dok gube psihofizičku snagu i volju da se sa svim pretnjama i opasnostima izbore.

Ipak, naše posete i pomoć cene, a najviše cene toplinu, to što ih poštujemo i prihvatamo kao ljudska bića, što mogu da dobiju potrebnu i provrenu informaciju o svom položaju, o pravima, obavezama i onima koji im mogu pomoći, što mogu da porazgovaraju, podele svoje probleme i teškoće u nadi da mogu da traže pomoć i da se izbore sa dnevnim izazovima i opasnostima koje ih vrebaju i sopstvenim traumama i strahovima koji ih progone na putu.

Redovni monitoring timova APC/CZA u Somboru, Horgošu i na drugim otvorenim lokacijama

U okviru projekta Monitoring and improving asylum and migrant practices in the border areas in Serbia, a koji je finansijski podržao OSIFE, APC/CZA tim pravnika i psihosocijalnih radnika pruža pravna i psihološka savetovanja i asistencije tokom redovnih poseta u pograničnim delovima Srbije, i prati u kojoj meri se poštuju prava migranata i izbeglih lica, kao i njihovo sveukupno psihofizičko stanje u samom graničnom pojasu.

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U drugoj nedelji aprila APC/CZA tim obišao je Tranzitni centar Sombor, kao i otvorenu lokaciju-Šikaru, gde je informisao i pravno savetovao lica iz Iraka, Avganistana, Pakistana koja su trenutno boravila na toj lokaciji. Tim je posetio i lokacije u Horgošu, Šidu, Tavankutu, Kikidni i na drugim lokacijama, gde je primećen dolazak novih lica svake nedelje. Svedočenja migranta i izbeglica oko zloupotreba, nasilja, kažnjavanja su svakodnevna, pogotovo kada je reč o ponašanju mađarske policije i graničnih službi, koje kao i hrvatske granične službe svakodnevno sprečavaju ljude da zatraže azil i ljude ilegalno guraju nazad u Srbiju preko granica mimo sporazuma o readimisiji i zvaničnih graničnih prelaza.  Ono što ostaje i dalje redovna pojava jeste da se u Srbiju guraju ilegalno ljudi koji nikada nisu boravili ranije u Srbiji niti su do istih naših severnih suseda došli preko Srbije., već su se u Hrvatskoj i Mađarskoj našli na neki drugi način, bilo da su deportovani iz drugih evropskih zemalja bilo da su ušli ilegalno iz pravca Bosne u Hrvatsku ili preko Rumunije u Mađarsku. 

N1- Crvena linija - Nova izbeglička ruta i situacija na Balkanu

Kuca li nova izbeglička kriza na vrata zemalja regije?

Otvorena nova ilegalna ruta na kojoj se sada nalazi i Bosna i Hercegovina. Broj migranata u prva dva meseca ove godine povećan je za između 600 - 700% u odnosu na protekle dve godine. Šta će biti sa nekoliko hiljada zarobljenih migranata u Srbiji, zemlji koja je postala sabirni centar na samim vratima Evrope?

Pravno savetovanje i zastupanje u azilnom postupku u svim centrima - poseta Bogovađi

Pravnici APC/CZA au prisustvovali 19. aprila 2018. godine u Centru za azilante u Bogovađi saslušanjima tražilaca azila koje „Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražilaca azila" zastupa u azilnom postupku pred nadležnim organima u Republici Srbiji.

Od kraja februara 2018 godine, Kancelarija za azil je  povećala broj saslušanja i intervjua tražilaca azila nego ranije,  kao i broj poseta mestima gde se  tražioci azila i izbeglice nalaze i gde borave širom zemlje. U tom smislu, pravni sektor APC/CZA pravno pokriva i zastupa tražioce azila i izbegle u istim postupcima širom zemlje, a Bogovadja je samo jedan u nizu centara za prihvat u kojima redovno rade pravnici, psiholozi, pedagozi i socijalni radnici APC/CZA.

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Saslušanje tražilaca azila deo je redovne procedure azilnog postupka u kome ovlašćeno službeno lice utvrđuje podatke o identitetu tražilaca azila, osnov zahteva za odobravanje azila kao i o kretanju tražilaca azila nakon napuštanja zemlje porekla.

Pravnii timovi APC/CZA posebno su posvećeni pripremi tražilaca azila za saslušanje, odnosno akcenat je na tome da se tražioci azila upoznaju sa azilnim postupkom u Republici Srbiji, kao i sa obavezama i pravima koje oni imaju u ovim postupcima. Punomoćnici tražilaca azila, pravnici APA/CZA, staraju se o tome da se saslušanje odvija u skladu sa propisanom procedurom, kao i da tražioci azila zbog nepoznavanja procedure ili jezika na kome se postupak vodi ne izgube neko od zakonom garantovanih prava.

Integracijska radionica za mlade - Azilanti - Beograđani - Belgijanci, stranci smo jedni drugima?

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APC/CZA tim je organizovao integracijsku radionicu u Beogradu, u ulici Gavrila Principa br. 13, kojoj su prisustvovali učenici srednje škole iz Belgije i naše klijentkinje iz Centra za azil Krnjača  kao i lokalni đaci iz Beograda. Mladi učesnici su postavljali pitanja jedni drugima u vezi sa okruženjem iz koga dolaze i na taj način su započeli upoznavanje i interakciju. Mladi iz Belgije su podelili svoja iskustva koja imaju u vezi sa integracijom vršnjaka azilanata u Belgiji, dok su naši đaci govorili o strepnjama, strahovima, očekivanjima koje imaju u vezi sa integracijom azilanata i izbeglica u Srbiji. I jedni i drugi su bili posebno fascinirani time što su devojke iz Avganistana motivisane da uče u Srbiji i da budu uključene u razne interaktivne i integracijske aktivnosti. Svesni da su u stvari predrasude oblikovale i njihova  razmišljanja i pretpostavke o integraciji, lokalni mladi su izvukli nove  zaključke o različitosti, nepotpunim iinformacijama i predrasudama koje su redovni prateći segment naše svakodnevice u svetu punom različitih neproverenih informacija, neproverenja, strahova i manipulacija, posebno u kontekstu izbeglica i migranata. Sa druge strane same azilantkinje su bile u mogućnosti da iznesu sopstvena očekivanja, svoje shvatanje trenutne situacije u kojoj se nalaze i izazova koje im predstoje u životu u Evropi, koji je u mnogo čemu drugačiji nego u zemljama iz kojih dolaze.  Sama radionica je devojkama omogućila da sagledaju i sopstvenu poziciju iz očiju lokalnih mladih ili čak drugih Evropljana, što im je pomoglo da prepoznaju mesta i prostore koji su plodno tle za nesporazume, nejasnoće, pogrešne percepcie o novopridošlim strancima i izbeglicama, a koje je moguće posebno razjasniti da bi se izbegle predrasude, nesporazumi, strahovi ili zablude u lokalnoj sredini od građana i lokalnih mladih vršnjaka.

ELCA – Trening za kulturne medijatore

U okviru projekta Impoving access to protection and assistance of migrants and asylum seekers in Serbia, koji je podržala Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), APC/CZA tim održao je prvi modul treninga za kulturne medijatore, 12-14. aprila u Beogradu.
Učesnici treninga su tražioci azila koji borave više od godinu dana u Srbiji, kao i volonteri Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila.

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Teme koje su učesnici tokom trodnevnog treninga obrađivali su upoznavanje sa lokalnim kontekstom, kulturom Balkana i Srbije, interkulturalnim učenjem, ulogom kulturnog medijatora. Učesnici su učili o konfliktima i različitim strategijama za rešavanje konflikata, stereotipima, predrasudama, diskriminaciji, kako bi postali što osetljiviji u komunikaciji sa licima drugačijeg kulturološkog i obrazovnog iskustva.

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Cilj treninga je obuka učesnika za ulogu kulturnog medijatora u okviru projekta, a koji će asistirati APC/CZA timu u sprovođenju i organizovanju projektnih aktivnosti na terenu, kao most boljeg razumevanja i saradnje između ljudi različitih kultura i porekla.

Naša organizacija ima razvijene kurikulume za program obuke i razvoja kulturnih medijatora, a APC/CZA svake godine proizvodi kulturne medijatore iz redova izbeglica, azilanata, naših volontera i studenata kako bi oni podržali interakciju i integraciju svojih sunarodnika u srpske lokalne sredine.

Psihološka podrška ženama izbeglicama

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Posebno osetljiva grupa izbeglica su žene. Izložene raznim problemima poput brige povodom nastavka puta, pritiska da očuvaju porodicu, čak i nasilja, sve više bivaju rastrzane i doživljavaju pad raspoloženja, bezvoljnost, nedostatak energije. Kažu "imam snage samo da ležim u krevetu, a onda me izjeda krivica jer ne mogu da budem tu za moje dete, i tako se vrtim u krug". One  ostaju u pozadini, nevidljive, niko ne obraća pažnju na njihove potrebe.

APC/CZA psiholozi ovim ženama pužaju pomoć i podršku širom zemlje preko mobilnih timova i lokalnih kancelarija, u mestima gde se nalaze centri za azil, prihvatni centri, alli i gde se izbeglice i migranti nalaze van centara, jer često prepoznaju signale koji ukazuju da je njihovo psihičko zdravlje narušeno, rade individualno ili u grupi na redukovanju depresivnih simptoma, prihvatanju trenutnog emocionalnog stanja i umanjivanju osećaja krivice kako bi dalje mogle da se aktiviraju i vraćaju zdravom svakodnevnom funkcionisanju. Kroz kontinuiran rad psiholozi osnažuju žene migrantkinje i izbeglice da prevaziđu postojeće probleme i izazove.

ELCA - Interakcijska/integracijska radionica u Bogovađi

APC/CZA integracijski tim je u okviru projekta koji podržava ELCA, 10. aprila održao interakcijsku/integracijsku radionicu  u Bogovađi sa našim korisnicima koji pohađaju školu „Đuro Salaj".
Cilj radionice je bio da učesnici prepoznaju značaj školovanja i da im se pruži podrška da nastave sa daljim školovanjem u Srbiji, uprkos barijerama sa kojima se susreću, kao što su npr. jezičke barijere i otežavajuće okolnosti u vezi sa životom u kampu i okolnostima koje prate takav život.

Ovakve radionice koje realizuje APC/CZA pomažu u shvatanju i prihvatanju kulturnih razlika, procesa integracije, mirnih reakcija na konfliktne situacije i integraciju, a kako bi se migranti/tražioci azila/izbeglice lakše suočili sa svojim strahovima od nove kulture.

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Priprema za saslušanje i pravna savetovanja u prostorijama APC/CZA

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Pored redovnih pravnih savetovanja i deljenja informacija migrantima, azilantima i izbeglicama po prihvatnim i azilnim centrima širom zemlje, APC/CZA pravnici pravnu pomoć pružaju i po svojim lokalnim kancelarijama na jugu, severu Srbije i u centralnoj Srbiji i u Beogradu. Vrlo često naši korisnici dolaze do naših kancelarija bilo samoinicijativno bilo kada ih pozovemo kako bi se uvek dobro pripremali za službene radnje u raznim postupcima koji se sprovode i u kojima oni učestvuju. Kako se sve duže zadržavaju i ostaju u Srbiji, naši korisnici imaju raznovrsne potrebe, a sve više su izloženi rizicima diskriminacije i zlouptreba. U pitanju su raznovrsni postupci pred upravnim organima/administracijom (azilni, postupci za izdavanje dokumenata, ostvarivanje socijalne pomoći, postavljanja staratelja, spajanja porodice, ostvarivanja prava na rad, izdavanja različitih dokumenata, nostrifikacije diploma, ostvarivanja prava na obrazovanje, zdravstvenu zaštitu, postupci pred matičarima, pred poverenicima i ombudsmanom, itd.) ali i sudski postupcima (upravni, krivični, prekršajni postupci, postupci pred ustavnim sudom i Evropskim sudom za ljudska prava i dr. sudski postupci i sporovi). 

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Tako su na primer, dana 05.04.2018. godine u kancelariji Centra sa zaštitu i pomoć traziocima azila, u ul. Misarska 16, obavljeni razgovori i pravna savetovanja sa tražiocima azila u Republici Srbiji, poreklom iz Sirije, kao i pripreme za saslušanje u azilnom postupku. Tokom razgovora klijenti su poučeni o pravnom značaju predstojećih saslušanja, procesnim pravilima koja se tiču navedenih saslušanja  i uopšte o pravima koja im pripadaju tokom ove procesne radnje ali su takođe pripremiljeni za istu službenu radnju pred  inspektorima Kancelarijom za azil. Gotovo uvek našim korisnicima je potrebna stručna pravna pomoć da pravilno artikulišu svoje razloge progona, razumeju šta je potrebno da istaknu tokom saslušanja, na šta da posebno obrate pažnju kako značajni delovi njihovih priča i razloga za progon i traženje azila ne bi bili preskočeni ili prećutani. Mnogim ljudima koji nisu imali prethodnih iskustava u radu sa policjom, administracijom, sličnim postupcima, nije jasno šta se od njih traži, koliko detaljno da daju iskaze, šta je bitno a šta nije relevatno.

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U tom smislu pomoć APC/CZA pravnika sa iskustvom je neophodna kako bi sam azilni postupak dobio potpuni smisao i kako bi glas izbeglica i njihovi razlozi za traženje i dobijanje azila uspešno se čuo u postupku i kod KAncelarije za azil koja donosi odluke o tome da li će ovi ljudi dobiti azil u Srbiji i da li će im biti priznato pravo izbeglice u našoj zemlji. Takođe,  sa Sirijcima koji su došli u kancelariju smo razgovarali i o budućim koracima koji će se preduzeti, posle saslušanja a sve u cilju ostvarivanja njegovih ustavom i zakonom zagarantovanih prava povodom azilnog postupka. 

Dobrodošli na čajanku!

U okviru projekta LOVE (Pravo, Red, Vrednosti) – za migrante/azilante/osobe kojima je odobren azil, u ostvarivanju svojih prava bez diskriminacije, finansiranom od strane Evropske unije, Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, kancelarija u subotici u saradnji sa Centrom lokalne demokratije je 5. aprila 2018. organizovao događaj pod nazivom "Čajanka", u Klein house social baru u Subotici, koji je okupio građane Subotice i izbeglice iz Avganistana i Irana radi upoznavanja i druženja, te predstavljanja ličnih životnih priča i doživljaja ljudi koji su se na svom životnom putu trenutno našli u Subotici.

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Na Čajanci građani Subotice su imali priliku da uz prijatnu atmosferu druženja isprobaju neke od tradicionalnih čajeva i poslastica iz krajeva odakle dolaze izbeglice, i upoznaju se bliže sa kulturom ljudi koji borave u Prihvatnom centru u Subotici.
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Sadržaj, stavovi i realizacija projekta su isključiva odgovornost Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, novinske agencije BETA i Centra za istraživanje javnih politika, a izneti stavovi ni u kom slučaju se ne mogu smatrati stavovima Evropske unije.

Pružanje socijalne i integracijske asistencije

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA redovno pruža socijalnu i integracijsku asistenciju migrantima i tražiocima azila. Pored pružanja podrške u traženju posla u saradnji sa Nacionalnom službom za zapošljavanje, APC/CZA tim omogućuje migrantima i tražiocima azila da ostvare svoja prava na socijalnu pomoć i zdravstveno osiguranje, pruža integracijsku pomoć kod upisa dece u školu, pomoć pri traženju stana i drugo.

APC/CZA tim je posebno posvećen pružanju socijalne/integracijske podrške osetljivim licima, poput samohranim majkama i maloletnicima bez pratnje u ostvarivanju svojih prava kao i u interakciji sa građanima u lokalnim sredinama i prevazilaženju stigme.

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APC/CZA kancelarija u Gavrila Principa, Beograd

Svakodnevne posete izbelica našoj eksternoj kancelariji u ulici Gavrila Principa blizu mesta gde se izbeglice okupljaju oko železničke, autobuskih stanica i parkova, imaju različiti karakter u odnosu na probleme sa kojima se izbeglice susreću. Pored pravnog savetovanja naš tim pruža psihosocijalnu pomoć i podršku u integracijskom procesu osamostaljivanja izbeglih i raseljenih lica, psihološku i psihoterapijsku podršku svim licima koji se obrate za pomoć.

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Psihološka pomoć je veoma značajna sa obzirom da su osnovne ljudske potrebe izbeglih lica nezadovoljene, i samim tim lice je sprečeno da se razvija i raste kao ličnost. Savetovanje je najčešće usmereno na neki konkretan problem, u većoj meri je direktivno i fokusirano na to konkertno pitanje i na specifičnosti problema. Usmereno ka postizanju svesnosti, ka emocionalnom pražnjenju, pružanje podrške aktivnim slušanjem i na kraju davanjem informacija koje su veoma značajne za osobu kojoj su u ovom momentu potrebna usmerenja i sve dostupne informacije.

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Socijalne radnice u integracijskom programu promovišu celoživotno učenje kao razvojnu priliku za sve migrante, podstiču društveno uključivanje izbeglica u proces celoživotnog učenja, i razvijaju i sprovode programe obuke u skladu sa potrebama ciljnih grupa. U oblasti promocije medijacije, radionice su osmišljne da aktivno informišu i edukuju mlade u oblasti zdravlja, ljudskih prava, socijalizacije, i slično.

Adaptacijska radionica u OŠ “Ivan Milutinović”,Subotica

U okviru projekta LOVE (Pravo, Red, Vrednosti) – za migrante/azilante/osobe kojima je odobren azil, u ostvarivanju svojih prava bez diskriminacije, finansiranom od strane Evropske unije, APC/CZA tim je u dogovoru sa Osnovnom školom "Ivan Milutinović" u Subotici organizovao adaptacijsku radionicu u kojoj su učestvovali učenici i deca izbeglice smeštena u obližnjem prihvatnom centru.
Tema radionice bili su praznici i značaj koji praznici imaju za porodice. Učesnici iz Subotice govorili su o katoličkom i pravoslavnom Uskrsu dok su deca iz Avganistana i Irana predstavila novogodišnje običaje. I jedna i druga deca navela su da se raduju poklonima i periodu u kojima preovladavaju mir, praštanje, radost i porodična toplina.

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U nastavku dana je organizovan Uskršnji vašar u školi u kojem su deca izbeglice takođe učestvovala.
Deca izbeglice smeštena u Prihvatnom centru u Subotici nisu uključena u obrazovni sistem i, nažalost, njihovi dani u Srbiji prolaze u dosadi, čekanju i povremenim šetnjama do prodavnice ili naše kancelarije u centru grada. Jedno od dece koje je učestvovalo u radionici, tokom boravka u Srbiji dobilo je epilepsiju. Drugi dečak je ostao sa ocem u Srbiji dok je majka u drugoj zemlji.

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Teške su priče sve ove dece i upravo je zato izuzetno važno da dobiju priliku da budu u zdravoj, socijalno podsticajnoj sredini, da dobiju šansu da upoznaju vršnjake, da prebrode tugu, siromaštvo i monotoniju koje su sastavni deo boravka u kampu u Subotici. Upravo je ovo svrha adaptacijskih radionica koje APC/CZA realizuje u Subotici, Preševu i Šidu.

Adaptacijsku radionicu u OŠ Ivan Milutinović vodile su APC/CZA pedagoškinja i jedna od učiteljica škole, uz asistenciju studenata praktikanata i kolega iz lokalne kancelarije APC/CZA.

Sadržaj, stavovi i realizacija projekta su isključiva odgovornost Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, novinske agencije BETA i Centra za istraživanje javnih politika, a izneti stavovi ni u kom slučaju se ne mogu smatrati stavovima Evropske unije.

 

Maloletnici bez pratnje ranjivi u Obrenovcu

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APC/CZA tim je u sastavu socijalnog radnika, psihologa i prevodioca pružao informacije migrantima o legalnom boravku i procesu traženja azila u Srbiji. Budući da se u ovom tranzitnom centru u velikom broju nalaze maloletnici koji svakodnevno pokušavaju da pređu granicu,i koji su upovećanom riziku od maltretiranja i zloupotrebe, ukazano im je na APC aplikaciju i način na koji mogu da prijave zloupotrebu i nasilje preko iste.

Maloletnici bez pratnje, jos jedna ranjiva grupa, skloni tome da budu lakoverni, ali i nepoverljivi, impulsivni i osetljivi, traže poseban pristup u radu. Sa jedne strane preživeli su veoma teške stvari poput nasilja, gubitka bliskih ljudi, borbe za život, a sa druge idalje su deca, idalje ne mogu u potpunosti da razumeju posledice određenih odluka, i da razmišljaju unapred. Zato je jako važno uspostaviti čvrst odnos, poverenje, i kontinuitet u radu, kako bi im pružili emocionalnu podršku i uverili ih da nisu sami i da postoje ljudi kojima je stalo do njih i koji mogu da im pomognu, iako su puno puta bili iskorišćeni, prevareni i razočarani u ljude.

ELCA - integracijski događaj u Subotici

Centar za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila je u saradnji sa Pantomim teatern-om iz Stokholma, a uz podršku Gradskog omladinskog centra, organizovao integracijski događaj 20. marta u prostoru GOC u Subotici.

APC/CZA uz podršku ELCA organizuje integracijske radionice i integracijske događaje  sirom zemlje u okviru kojih se lokalni građani tražioci azila i drugi migranti upoznaju, uspostavljaju kontakte i uče o drugim kulturama i stvaraju most komunikacije.

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U formi pozorišne radionice deca poreklom iz Avganistana i Irana zajedno sa roditeljima, i učesnici trećeg razreda osnovne škole „Ivan Milutinović" u pratnji učiteljice i stručnih saradnika APC/CZA, imala su prilku da se predstave , upoznaju i druze  kroz vežbe pantomime i pozorišne improvizacije.

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I lokalna i deca koja borave u kampu bila su veoma uzbuđena nakon radionice, vežbajući neme pokrete, nestrpljivo iščekujući da ih predstave drugarima. Pantomim teatern već godinama radi sa decom širom Švedske koristeći neverbalne pozorišne tehnike. Kroz gostovanje i saradnju sa APC/CZA kancelarijama sirom Srbije, ova svedska organizacija nastoji i u buducnosti da deli i prenosi  znanja i iskustva u pogledu koriscenja pozorisnih tehnika u realizovanju interakcijskih i integracijskih dogadjaja u lokalnim sredinama.

Adaptacijske i druge multikulturne radionice u Preševu i na jugu Srbije

APC/CZA tim iz APC/CZA kancelarije u Preševu je zajedno sa svojim lokalnim volonterima i uz podršku Gimnazije "Skenderbeg" organizovao adaptacijsku radionicu u lokalnoj kancelariji APC/CZA u Preševu 15. marta. Ovakve radionice se realizuju redovno u lokalnoj sredini, a naši timovi se trude da slične radionice između mladih i izbeglica realizuju i u drugim gradovima na jugu Srbije, pre svega u Nišu, Dimitrovgradu i drugim mestima.

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Učesnici radionice su bili tražioci azila smešteni u obližnjem kampu koji dolaze iz Iraka, Pakistana i Kameruna, mladi iz Preševa i studenti. Tema radionice bila je sloboda, značenje koje ovaj pojam ima za nas i da li je kulturološki uslovljen. Učesnici su tokom centralne aktivnosti bili podeljeni u mešovite parove tako da se u većini slučajeva nisu mogli verbalno sporazumeti, i trebalo je da zajednički ilustruju slobodu. Učesnici su bili veoma radoznali prema drugima, za mnoge od njih ovo je bio prvi put da razgovaraju sa lokalcima, dok volonteri, iako veoma mladi, već više godina nastoje da pomognu izbeglicama. Većina učesnika je slobodu predstavila kroz simbole poput belog goluba, zagrljaja, prihvatanja, domovine koja bi bila oslobođena.

 

Poseta APC/CZA tima centru u Obrenovcu

APC/CZA timovi redovno posećuju Prihvatni centar u Obrenovcu. Tokom jedne od poseta naseg socijalnog radnika, pravnika i prevodioca, 14. marta. 2018. godine, zatekli smo migrante smeštene u istom centru da tvrde da su bez policijskih potvrda i jako slabo informisani o azilnom sistemu i svom položaju. Većinom su direktno dolazili u Obrenovac. Žalili su se na loše uslove u kampu, neki su izrazili želju da promene kamp. Objašnjavali smo im procedure smeštanja u kampove i uopšte izražavanja namere za azil. Uzimali smo podatke od maloletnika koje smo srelii kako bi obavestili nadležni Centar za socijalni rad o potrebi organizovanja starateljske zaštite nad maloletnicima bez pratnje i radi provere da li su socijalni timovi nadležnih centara upoznati sa njihovim potrebama.

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Redovna poseta APC/CZA tima Centru za azil Krnjača

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Tokom redovne posete centru za azil u Krnjaci, tim APC//CZA je razgovarao sa porodicama koje su duze vremena u Srbiji a da prethodno nisu bili upoznati sa svojim pravima. Razgovarali smo sa izbeglicama koje su odlučile da apliciraju za azil, uzimali podatke i pružali im potrebne informacije oko azilne procedure i samog postupka. Veoma često ovi ljudi su pretrpani  netačnim informacijama koje kolaju po kampu, krijumčarskim ponudama i vestima, tračevima i dezinformacijama.

APC/CZA timovi i službenici- pravnici, psiholozi, pedagozi, socijalni radnici i prevodioci ,redovno u okviru svojih aktivnosti, najmanje dva puta nedeljeno, posećuju Centar za azil u Krnjači i pružaju potrebne pravne i psihosocijalne asistencije stanovnicima istog centra. Sam centar za azil je kapaciteta do 1000 ljudi, a u ovom trenutku u centru ima više od 500 stanovnika. 

Naši timovi redovno asistiraju tražiljama azila oko dobijanja zdravstvene zaštite. Načelno, izbeglice znaju da se treba obratiti direktno lekarima u kampu međutim, veoma često im treba ohrabrenje da ne treba da se stide niti da im bude neugodno ako više puta odlaze i obraćaju se za pomoć. Posebno je bitno pomoći ženama i deci, koji imaju probleme koji zahtevaju sekundarnu i tercijarnu zaštitu, koji ne mogu da se reše kroz intervencije doktora opšte prakse u kampu. Tada je potrebno ponovo intervenisati kako bi sistem zdravstvene zaštite reagovao u ovkiru nadležnosti i po propisima, a kako bi ovi ljudi dobili pomoć koja im je potrebna. 

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Razgovarali smo i sa roditeljima čija deca idu u školu i kojima naša organizacija pruža podršku. Ovim majkama bilo je potrebno da ih neko sasluša i razume očaj i nemoć sa kojim se kao roditelji suočavaju ali i da im pruži konkretnu psihološku i osnažujuću pomoć. Svesni i sami da je beda na žalost deo izbegličkog života, ovi roditelji nalaze se rastrzani zbog ponosa zbog dečijeg uspeha u školi u uspostavljanju socijalnih odnosa, roditeljskih obaveza i očekivanja ali i pitanja vezanih za budućnost, život, sudbinu, perspektive ostanka i života u Srbiji

Pomoć trudnicama u centrima za prihvat migranata i izbeglica u Srbiji

APC/CZA posebnu pažnju posvećuje posebno ugroženim kategorijama migranta i izbeglica, a medju njima posebno samohranim majkama i trudnicama koje se nalaze u različitim centrima za prihvat izbeglica širom Srbije. Trudnicama je posebno bitno posvetit posebnu pažnju kako u smislu podrške da istraju i iznesu trudnoću tako i u pogledu obezbeđivanja osnovnih životnih uslova i zadovoljavanja njihovih osnovnih egzistencijalnih ali i zdravstvenih potreba. Mnogo je rizika međutim sa kojima se trudnice redovno susreću, a tokom prethodnog perioda zbog nemara pojedinih predstavnika institucija u centrima na jugu Srbije bilo je slučajeva ugrožene trudnoće pa čak i gubitka trudnoće, kada sistem nije reagovao sa posebnom brigom niti na vreme i nije se starao o dobrobiti trudnica čije su potrebe zanemarene u svetlu redovnih velikih dnevnih potreba ljudi i izazova koji u istim centrima postoje.

Naši psiholozi i socijalni radnici se staraju da tokom redovnih ali i ciljanih poseta centrima u kojima se trudnice nalaze, posebnu pažnju skrenu institucijama na prisustvo i osetljivost žena koje su trudne, ali i da se postaraju da su njihova prava na zdravstvenu zaštitu, socijalnu zaštitu, socijalnu pomoć, smeštaj i posebnu brigu, poštuju i ostvare. U tom smislu, uz intervencije APC/CZA, pažnja i budnost sistema se podižu, a predstavnici sistema smeštaja, zdravstvene i socijalne zaštite se podstiču na povećanu budnost i sopstvene obaveze i odgovornost kada je reč o brizi o trudnicama smeštenim u prihvatnim centrima.

Jedna od naših redovnih poseta je bila i poseta Centru za azil Bogovađa, u kojem je APC/CZA tim  obišao i svoju klijentkinju trudnicu iz Sirije koja se vidno obradovala našoj poseti. Sada je u sedmom mesecu trudnoće i na ultrazvuku doktor je utvrdio da je sve u redu sa bebom, ali nije još uspeo da vidi pol deteta. Buduća mama je dobila određenu dijetu koju za sada prati ali navodi da joj je jako teško da isprati sve s' obzirom na to da ne može sama da bira hranu već jede ono što je obezbeđeno u kampu. U tom smislu su predstavnici naše organizacije reagovali i tražili od uprave centra da se posebna pažnja i hrana obezbede sa ovu trudnu ženu imajući u vidu da je potrebno posebno pripremiti hranu u skladu sa preporukama lekara i režimom održavanja trudnoće, ali i da se njoj obezbedi miran boravak i adekvatan smeštaj u centru, te da se ona prebaci u prostorije gde bi imala mirnije okruženje potrebno da se izbegne dodatni stres, nesigurnost ili uznemirenost.

Bogovadja aleksandra trudnica

Kod naše trudnice je vidna i pozitivna promena u njenom raspoloženju zahvaljujući redovnom savetovanju našeg psihologa koji je sa njom prolazio kroz različite faze u njenom raspoloženju i psihičkom stanju, gradeći joj samopouzdanje, pružajući joj podršku i ohrabrenje koje je pratilo konstanto razumevanje i empatija tokom trudnoće. Trudnica se oseća daleko sigurnije u odnosu na prve etape trudnoće, imajući u vidu socijalnu pomoć i podršku pruženu od naših socijalnih radnika, ali i informacije koje je dobila od APC/CZA pravnika i nedoumice koje je raščistila u pogledu njenog položaja, u pogledu pitanja procedure i njenog pravnog statusa, ali i u pogledu načina ostvarivanja prava na zdravstvenu zaštitu i realizovanja samog porođaja i boravka u bolnici, kao i njenog post porođajnog oporavka. 

Po porođaju, naši predstavnici će trudnici obezbediti i izvod iz matične knjige rodjenih za novorođenu bebu kao i podršku u pogledu dobijanja adekvatnih potvrda za pristup procedurama u kojima se i ona nalazi. Imajući u vidu sve korake koji će uslediti i predstavljen redosled aktivnosti koje će se preduzimati, trudnica se oseća sigurno i da o njoj pažnju i brigu vode ne samo uprave centara već i mi kao njeni zastupnici i psihosocijalni radnici kojima je stalo da se njena dobrobit i zaštita obezbede.

Problemi muškaraca u CA Sjenica i drugim kampovima

Tokom redovnih poseta APC/CZA timova centrima za azil u Sandžaku, APC/CZA tim psihologa, socijalnog radnika i pravnika je posetio novi azilni kamp „Vesna" u Sjenici koji je formiran kao dodatak na postojeće kapacitete centra za azil koji je prvobitno bio otvoren na mestu hotela Berlin u Sjenici. U istom kampu bivše fabrike Vesna, naš tim nailazi na grupu muškaraca koja se žalil na uslove u kampu, na nedostatak ljudi i organizacija koji im pružaju pomoć, na nedostatak informacija koji su im bitne, jer se svi ti problemi tiču njihovih života i života njihovih porodica.

sjenica aleksandra

Muškarci su dodali da oni kao glave porodica takođe nose veliki psihološki teret, a da suočeni sa materijalnim i drugim nedostacima, nesigurnošću, da su dezinformisani i sve više imaju osećaj  da ne vrede i da ne mogu da doprinesu svojoj porodici i da zadovolje njihove potrebe. Traže i dobijaju podršku i psihološku pomoć od našeg psihologa i socijalnog radnika, a sve neophodne informacije im pružaju pravnik i prevodilac našeg tima kako bi im pomogli da se orijentišu, sagledaju svoj položaj i koje su perspektive za njih i njihove porodice u Srbiji kroz odgovarajuće procedure i sistem.

Problemi odraslih muškaraca, posebno roditelja i onih koji imaju ulogu glava porodica je izuzetno osetljiv i ranjiv prema informacijama i saznanjima APC/CZA timova sa terena širom zemlje i ne samo u centrima za azil u Sandžaku, a pre svega u tranzitnim centrima od juga Srbije do granica Srbije sa Hrvatskom i Madjarskom. Odjednom, ova kategorija muškaraca postaje sporedna u sistemu zaštite koji funkcioniše u istim centrima, a njihove potrebe bivaju zanemarene uz očekivanja i pretpostavke da mogu sami da se konsoliduju i prevaziđu postojeće izazove. Kao osobe koje su svoje tradiocionalne uloge nosili od zemalja porekla na putu sve do Srbije i po ulasku u nju, ova grupa azilanata i migranata se suočava sa direktnim izazovima i teškoćama da svoje uloge odigraju i ostvare u novom agresivnom i neizvesnom okruženju, preispitujući svoje kapacitete i uloge, sve više ulazeći u rizik od gubljenja emotivne i psiholoske snage i stabilnosti da zaštite svoje porodice i sebe same, održe porodice na okupu i nastave da dalje nesmetano funkcionišu. Ovakve potrebe ne ostaju zanemarene od strane naših službenika i APC/CZA timovi nude psihosocijalnu i pravnu podršku i odraslim muškarcima, a posebno samohranim roditeljima, muževima i glavama porodica koje su posebno pogođene izazovima i problemima u izbeglištvu.

Nov prihvatni kamp u Tutinu

APC/CZA tim je posetio novoizgrađeni kamp u Tutinu gde smo razgovarali sa izbeglicama o novom smeštaju. Većina je zadovoljna uslovima, dušeci, jastuci, kreveti su novi i sve je udobno. Mnogo je im je lepše ovde, navode da je čisto i sređeno nego u prethodnom montaznom kampu u istom gradu. Problem je jedino voda, koje ponekad nema, kako su nam u kampu objasnili još neki radovi su u toku, pa je ponekad neizbežno gašenje sistema.

nov kamp

Većina izbeglica se požalila na neraznovrsnu hranu i međusobno su se šalili da će se pretvoriti u pasulj. Sluzbenici APC/CZA su pruzali informacije, pravnu i psiholosku pomoc stanovnicima novog kampa kako to i redovno rade u centrima za prihvat izbeglica u ovom delu Srbije.
Novi kamp je dosta izolovan, potrebno je oko 45 min da se dođe do centra grada, pa su se izbeglice žalile da se boje da će im tek sada biti dosadno, jer nemaju šta da rade u kampu, Navode da im smeta što nemaju časove jezika, nema nikakvih aktivnosti ni za decu ni za odrasle.

Situacija u prihvatnom centru Obrenovac

APC timovi redovno prate situaciju na granicama Srbije i u oblastima u kojima se migranti i izbeglice redovno nalaze duž južnih, severnih, zapadnih i istočnih granica. Izmedju ostalog, centar za prihvat izbeglica u Obrenovcu je mesto gde se veliki broj migranata nalazi i odakle jedan broj njih pokušava da se domogne Hrvatske ili Bosne, gde je velika fluktuacija ljudi, gde dolaze novi i odlaze stari ljudi, a veliki broj njih je izložen različitim problemima i izazovima. Po dolasku u ovaj kamp jako je teško da ljudi uspeju da ostvare svoje pravo da izraze nameru da traže azil u Srbiji jer na svaki takav zahtev uprava centra sleže ramenima i ne preduzima ništa kako bi migrante upoznala sa njihovim pravima, obezbedila im potrebne informacije, kontaktirala nadležne institucije ili uputila migrante u institucije i na adrese gde bi mogli da izraze nameru da traže azil i uđu u adekvatnu proceduru ili sistem.

v obrenovac

Veliki problem u istom kampu predstavlja i odsustvo elementarne sigurnosti jer se medju stanovnicima kampa nalazi mnogo onih ljudi koji su uključeni u krijumčarenja ljudi, ili su povezani sa kriminalnim mrežama, a koji regrutuju nove žrtve pokušavajući da im prodaju usluge krijumčarenja i pomoć u ilegalnim prelascima granica. Posebno su u istom kampu ugroženi maloletnici bez pratnje roditelja koji se redovno smeštaju u ovaj objekat i koji su pored toga što spavaju u odvojenoj baraci, izloženi stalnim maltretiranjima, pretnjama, čak i fizičkim nasrtajima od strane kriminalno orijentisanih migranata - pojedinaca povezanih sa krijumčarskim lancima i koji pokušavaju da uspostave kontrolu i zavedu "vlast" u kampu i u barakama među svojim sunarodnicima. 

Veliki problem ovog kampa predstavlja i nestručnost uprave koju čine predstavnici KIRS-a bez adekvatne profesionalne spreme, iskustva i senzibiliteta u radu sa migrantima, izbeglicama i tražiocima azila koji dolaze iz zemalja Azije i Afrike. Odsustvo komunikacije, razumevanja i odnosa poverenja između uprave i migranata stvara zid tišine između obe strane koji ne pruža uvid u pravo stanje stvari n ni jednima ni drugima, a samo može da zavede upravu na pogrešan put u naporima da uspostavi kontrolu, bezbednost i poštovanje pravila u kampu.

Prilikom jedne od redovnih poseta ovom kampu, članovi APC tima su pedagoški, psihološki i pravno savetovali izbeglice smeštene u ovom tranzitnom centru. Upoznali smo nove migrante koji su došli u Srbiju pre dve nedelje. Pokušali su da ilegalno pređu hrvatsku granicu, ali su vraćeni. Međutim isti ljudi nemaju policijske potvrde ni kamp kartice i zbog toga imaju problema. Oni bivaju izbačeni iz kampa, a naši službenici su im objasnili na koji način mogu da se prijave, regulišu svoj boravak u kampu, započnu procedure u kojima bi mogli da regulišu svoja prava i obaveze ali i da se zaštite i pronađu rešenje za svoj položaj.

Ovom prilikom je migrantima predstavljena i APC mobilna aplikacija "Azil u Srbiji", gde mogu da nađu neophodne informacije o procesu azila u Srbiji, kao i da prijave slučajeve zloupotreba, krijumčarenja i trgovine ljudima. Naša Aplikacija korisnicima nudi veliki broj različitih informacija, upustava, napomena i redovnih proverenih vesti, putem kojih oni mogu da steknu uvid u svoj položaj, razumeju situaciju u kojoj se nalaze i pomoć koju mogu dobiti ali i da mogu da razumeju koje sve obaveze imaju i kako sistem funkcioniše.

Informisanje migranta u Somboru i praćenje zloupotreba duž granica

Timovi APC/CZA  su redovno na terenu širom Vojvodine, prate prakse na granicama prema migrantima i azilantima, njihovo stanje, ilegalne deportacije iz susednih zemalja u Srbiju, uslove prihvata i smeštaj lica  dok su u Srbiji. JEdna od naših mnogih poseta oblastima duž granice sa Hrvatskom i Mađarskom je bila u okolini Sombora 20. februara.
Zvanično iz medija i od institucija čujemo da je većina migranata u kampovima, da je svega mali broj van smeštaja, no na terenu vidimo drugačiju sliku. Tridesetak migranta poreklom iz Pakistana, Indije, Bangladeša navode da se po gradu nalazi daleko više njihovih sunarodnika. Oni koji imaju novca, žive u kućama, ko nema, boravi u mokrim ćebadima, improvizovanim šatorima, pale vatru pokušavajući da se bar na kratko ugreju.

IMG 20180112 154345

Pomažemo im da ostvare medicinsku zaštitu,  delimo in informacije o smeštaju, sistemu, opasnosti od kriminalaca i krijumčara, upućujemo ih na policiju, komesarijat za izbeglice, lokalne poverenike,  naše saradnike na terenu. Često ovi mladići pitaju da li mogu da uđu u obližnji prihvatni centar, da se ugreju, okupaju, napune mobilne telefone međutim čak i najmlađi dečak biva obdijen uz pogrdne komentare upravnika kampa. Psihičko stanje ovih lica je veoma loše, izloženi su zloupotrebama jer nemaju ništa, moraju pristati na sve. Da bi im pomogli da izađu iz takvog položaja mi pratimo i dokumentujemo zloupotrebe, odbijanja iz centara, uskraćivanja prihvata uprkos medicinskoj dokumentaciji. Naši timovi dalje iniciraju postupke za postavljanje staratelja maloletnicima bez pratnje kojih takodje ima u ne malom broju, sarađujemo sa lokalnim centrima za socijalni radi i pomažemo njihovim terenskim timovima u prevodu, u informacijama, u pravnom smislu i u pogledu pronalaženja ugroženih na terenu van centara. JEdan od značajnih problema jeste praksa uskraćivanja pristupa u kampove ljiudima koji se nalaze oko njih od strane uprava samih centara za prihvat. Vidimo da je to uniformna praksa, informišemo komesarijat ali i javnost o ovim propustima. Bez smeštanja ljudi u kampove koji su za to i napravljeni ne samo da se život i zdravlje ovih ljudi direktno narušava već se ugrožava i lokalno stanovništvo i stvaraju nepotrebne i opasne tenzije i nerazumevanje među lokalnim građanima, što kasnije može da posluži kao plodno tle zloupotrebama političke i druge prirode i podsticanju ksenofobije i ekstremnih stavova prema strancima i migrantima u lokalnoj sredini,

Integracijska radionica u Bogovadji

U okviru projekta LOVE (Pravo, Red, Vrednosti) – za migrante/azilante/osobe kojima je odobren azil, u ostvarivanju svojih prava bez diskriminacije, finansiranom od strane Evropske unije, APC/CZA tim posetio je Centar za azil u Bogovadji. Organizovana je integracijska radionica za učesnike poreklom iz Irana koji, kako primećujemo, imaju teškoća u prilagođavanju u velikom broju kampova širom Srbije.

Vidimo na terenu da se Iranci ponekad osećaju diskriminisano, jer druge izbeglice i institucije dovode u pitanje njihove zahteve za azil jer u Iranu nema rata no oni navode da su imali političkih problema, čujemo ljude koji su bili aktivisti, koji su zatvarani, mučeni, terani da priznaju krivice za dela koja nisu počinili.

Integracijska radionica Bogovadja

U Bogovađi okupljamo naše klijente. Većina ih je imala zanimljive poslove - instruktorka vožnje, knjigovođa, krojač, student građevine, laborantkinja i sa njima razgovarmo o njihovim životima u Iranu i usmeravamo kako da se lakše prilagode našem načinu života.
Navikli su na život poput našeg, u stanovima i kućama, studirali, odlazili na posao, sada odjednom bivaju "zaglavljeni" u kampovima gde najviše nedostaje privatnosti. Nedostaje im sve a ponajviše status koji su imali.

Ohrabrujemo ih da procene u kojim situacijama treba da se založe za sebe, da traže ono na šta imaju pravo ali i da su nekada njihova očekivanja nerealna.
Govore o periodu kad su odrasli njihovi roditelji, hvale svoj sistem obrazovaanja i i dalje teško donose odluke o svojoj bližoj budućnosti.

Sadržaj, stavovi i realizacija projekta su isključiva odgovornost Centra za zaštitu i pomoć tražiocima azila APC/CZA, novinske agencije BETA i Centra za istraživanje javnih politika, a izneti stavovi ni u kom slučaju se ne mogu smatrati stavovima Evropske unije.